Losing 5 to 10 percent of your weight may lower your chances of developing heart disease. If you weigh 200 pounds, this means losing as little as 10 pounds. Weight loss may improve blood pressure, cholesterol and blood flow.
Federal guidelines on physical activity recommend that you get at least 150 minutes a week of moderate aerobic activity (like biking or brisk walking). To lose weight, or to maintain weight loss, you may need to be active for up to 300 minutes per week. You also need to do activities to strengthen muscles (like push-ups or sit-ups) at least twice a week. See the Additional Links section for a hyperlink to these guidelines.
Baby Boomers now is the time to address this critical issue. We must deal with this NOW if we are to continue to serve are parents and not be a burden on our children. Even as important is our quality of life and our ability to continue to be self-sufficient.
Obesity is from the Latin obesitas, which means “stout, fat, or plump”. Ēsus is the past participle of edere (to eat), with ob (over) added to it. The Oxford English Dictionary documents its first usage in 1611 by Randle Cotgrave.
The most common malabsorptive surgery is the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, in which the stomach is stapled to create a small pouch, and then part of the intestine is attached to this pouch to decrease food absorption.
Eating a daily salad ensures that you get at least a few servings of vegetables in your diet. There are so many variations on salads that use both cooked and raw vegetables that it’s easy to have a different salad every day of the week. Be careful when adding dressing since they are often full of salt and calories from fat.
Genetic studies have found that overweight and obesity can run in families, so it is possible that our genes or DNA can cause these conditions. Research studies have found that certain DNA elements are associated with obesity.
Heart disease and stroke are the leading causes of death and disability for people in the U.S. Overweight people are more likely to have high blood pressure, a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke, than people who are not overweight. Very high blood levels of cholesterol can also lead to heart disease and often are linked to being overweight. Being overweight also contributes to angina (chest pain caused by decreased oxygen to the heart) and sudden death from heart disease or stroke without any signs or symptoms.
A Senior Workout should start slowly with exercises that match your aging parents recent activity levels. Those moderately active can begin with relatively moderate-intensity aerobic activity. They should avoid vigorous intensity activities, such as shoveling snow or running. Senior adults with a low level of fitness can begin with light senior exercises.
To screen for overweight and obesity, doctors measure BMI using calculations that depend on whether you are a child or an adult. After reading the information below, talk to your doctor or your child’s doctor to determine if you or your child has a high or increasing BMI.
When we grow older, especially if ill and not really physically active, we tend to lose our muscle mass. It gets replaced with fat. Our BMI may not change, but in reality, our fat-stores increase and so does the chance of being affected by obesity and its related diseases. BMI can also be inaccurate in the elderly for another common reason. As we grow old, we often get shorter. This is due to osteoporosis and spinal vertebral issues that take away inches in older age. If you remember that the BMI is a measure calculated from height and weight, you will understand that a change in height will change BMI as well. In fact, if one weighs the same, and their height is less, then the BMI will be falsely higher and one might be classified as “overweight” while in reality, he/she is not. Scientists and physicians still debate about a better measure for weight classification, but for now, BMI is the accepted one and physicians need to use it while understanding its limitations.
But when his wife, Elena Acosta, signed up for a diabetes prevention program at the local YMCA, Acosta had no choice but to participate too. “Whatever I have to eat during this program, you’re eating too,” she told him.
Esophageal adenocarcinoma: People who are overweight or obese are about twice as likely as normal-weight people to develop a type of esophageal cancer called esophageal adenocarcinoma, and people who are extremely obese are more than four times as likely (9).
Furthermore, the average reported weight for both 39- to 57-year-olds and 58- to 74-year-olds is 179 pounds, well above the reported weights for 18- to 38-year-olds (167 pounds) and 75+ year-olds (151 pounds).
If you are overweight or obese and would like to become pregnant, talk to your health care provider about losing weight first. Reaching a normal weight before becoming pregnant may reduce your chances of developing weight-related problems. Pregnant women who are overweight or obese should speak with their health care provider about limiting weight gain and being physically active during pregnancy.
Health consequences fall into two broad categories: those attributable to the effects of increased fat mass (such as osteoarthritis, obstructive sleep apnea, social stigmatization) and those due to the increased number of fat cells (diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease). Increases in body fat alter the body’s response to insulin, potentially leading to insulin resistance. Increased fat also creates a proinflammatory state, and a prothrombotic state.
Children adopt the habits of their parents. A child who has overweight parents who eat high-calorie foods and are inactive will likely become overweight too. However, if the family adopts healthy food and physical activity habits, the child’s chance of being overweight or obese is reduced.
A diet high in simple carbohydrates. The role of carbohydrates in weight gain is not clear. Carbohydrates increase blood glucose levels, which in turn stimulate insulin release by the pancreas, and insulin promotes the growth of fat tissue and can cause weight gain. Some scientists believe that simple carbohydrates (sugars, fructose, desserts, soft drinks, beer, wine, etc.) contribute to weight gain because they are more rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream than complex carbohydrates (pasta, brown rice, grains, vegetables, raw fruits, etc.) and thus cause a more pronounced insulin release after meals than complex carbohydrates. This higher insulin release, some scientists believe, contributes to weight gain.
Ironically, weight loss itself, particularly rapid weight loss or loss of a large amount of weight, can make you more likely to get gallstones. Losing weight at a rate of about 1 pound a week is less likely to cause gallstones.
Future trials need to address specific exercise training modalities, calcium, Vitamin D and protein supplementation, and/or prescribing anti-resorptive therapy (e.g. in patients with low BMD to start with) during active weight loss. Trials specifically designed to investigate the complex interplay between exercise, caloric restriction, weight loss, diet composition, hormones, growth factors, and inflammatory markers are also needed. Finally, trials need to have adequate sample size with appropriate controls, and long follow-up periods are needed to determine how best to achieve sustained lifestyle change associated with optimal health outcomes in frail, obese older adults. With the 65+ age group representing the fastest growing segment of the population, and with a high prevalence of obesity, these studies should become a priority for public health research.
In elderly patients who suffer from serious health disease conditions such as cancer or heart disease, the amount of weight loss experienced. Unintentional weight loss may also point to an as of yet undiagnosed condition. Seniors who lose more than 4 percent of their body weight in a year or 10 percent over five years should seek medical attention to address the issue, as this degree of weight loss increases morbidity and mortality.
A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications of achondroplasia that need monitoring include (this is not all inclusive) stenosis and compression of the spinal cord, a large opening under the skull, lordosis, kyphosis, spinal stenosis, hydrocephalus, middle ear infections, obesity, and dental crowning. Achondroplasia is caused by mutations of the FGFR3 gene.
Interestingly, this is the second time the report, now in its 14th year, found declines in nationwide obesity rates supporting “trends that have shown steadying levels in recent years,” the report notes. The national obesity rate is nearly 38 percent.
The high rates of obesity and depression, and their individual links with cardiovascular disease, have prompted many investigators to explore the relationship between weight and mood. An analysis of 17 cross-sectional studies found that people who were obese were more likely to have depression than people with healthy weights. (17) Since the studies included in the analysis assessed weight and mood only at one point in time, the investigators could not say whether obesity increases the risk of depression or depression increases the risk of obesity. New evidence confirms that the relationship between obesity and depression may be a two-way street: A meta-analysis of 15 long-term studies that followed 58,000 participants for up to 28 years found that people who were obese at the start of the study had a 55 percent higher risk of developing depression by the end of the follow-up period, and people who had depression at the start of the study had a 58 percent higher risk of becoming obese. (18)
23. Najarian RM, Sullivan LM, Kannel WB, Wilson PW, D’Agostino RB, Wolf PA: Metabolic syndrome compared with type 2 diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for stroke: the Framingham Offspring Study. Arch Intern Med 2006; 166: 106– 111 [PubMed]
Obesity is increasing around the world. High body mass index now ranks with major global health problems such as childhood and maternal under-nutrition, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, unsafe sex, iron deficiency, smoking, alcohol and unsafe water in total global burden of disease.