“what is bmi and why is it valid for estimating obesity prevalence in a population obesity roi calculator”

Found your 10 minute walk/rest for 10 minute plan which I use to finish my 45 min workout. As an ex college and pro football player my knees are shot and one has been replaced so far so I have to walk fast on incline. Started 3 weeks ago 5 days a week but no change yet but I know how these things take time. The holidays don’t help but New Years is tomorrow so come next Monday I plan to get real serious on a 40 lb weight loss. Any other suggestions? I’m 280 now at about 6’1 but in pretty good shape except for this guy I want to get rid of.

CDC recommends that health professionals use BMI percentile when measuring the bodies of children and young people aged 2 to 20 years. BMI percentile takes into account that young people are still growing and are growing at different rates depending on their age and sex. Health professionals use growth charts to determine whether a young person’s weight falls into a healthy range for his or her height, age, and sex.

Harris TB, Ballardbarbasch R, Madans J, Makuc DM, Feldman JJ. Overweight, weight-Loss, and risk of coronary heart-disease in older women – the Nhanes-I epidemiologic follow-up-study. Am J Epidemiol 1993; 137: 1318–1327.

Since 2007, diabetes treatment programs have remained largely unchanged while the rates of two main risk factors — obesity and old age — have risen. As America’s population grows, similarly, rates of diabetes will rise. On top of America’s increasing population, the percentage of Americans who are age sixty-five and older is climbing, as the baby boomer generation enters their later years.

The next consideration is how do you actually lost the weight? Here we rely on the same tried and true method – eating less and exercising more to burn more calories. Unfortunately, this requires lifestyle changes. It takes a lot of patience, support and perseverance to make permanent changes.

3. Park YW, Zhu S, Palaniappan L, Heshka S, Carnethon MR, Heymsfield SB: The metabolic syndrome: prevalence and associated risk factor findings in the US population from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994. Arch Intern Med 2003; 163: 427– 436 [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Michael Davidson, ​director of preventive cardiology at the University of Chicago Medical Center and a Best Diets panelist, says Weight Watchers and diets with similar structures​ score well because of their simplicity. With Weight Watchers, for instance, foods are assigned different points, which you add up daily to stay at your personal target, which is based on your sex, weight, height and age. “You don’t have to do a lot of thinking about what type of balance of foods or menu plans,” Davidson says, which may be somewhat more challenging for seniors.

And a study in a recent issue of the journal Demography–synthesizing the results of five national surveys—found increasing disability among those ages 55 to 64 between 2000 and 2008 (a group that included the oldest baby boomers).3 By contrast, disability levels continued to decline among the oldest Americans (ages 85 and older) and held steady among the elderly ages 65 to 84 during the same period, reported Vicki Freedman, a University of Michigan demographer and lead author.

Be wary of quick fixes. You may be tempted by fad diets that promise fast and easy weight loss. The reality, however, is that there are no magic foods or quick fixes. Fad diets may help in the short term, but the long-term results don’t appear to be any better than other diets.

^ Jump up to: a b Global BMI Mortality Collaboration; Di Angelantonio, E; Bhupathiraju, ShN; Wormser, D; Gao, P; Kaptoge, S; Berrington De Gonzalez, A; Cairns, B. J; Huxley, R; Jackson, ChL; Joshy, G; Lewington, S; Manson, J. E; Murphy, N; Patel, A. V; Samet, J. M; Woodward, M; Zheng, W; Zhou, M; Bansal, N; Barricarte, A; Carter, B; Cerhan, J. R; Smith, G. D; Fang, X; Franco, O. H; Green, J; Halsey, J; Hildebrand, J. S; et al. (13 July 2016). “Body-mass index and all-cause mortality: individual-participant-data meta-analysis of 239 prospective studies in four continents”. Lancet. 388 (10046): 776–86. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30175-1. PMC 4995441 . PMID 27423262.

Nearly all of the evidence linking obesity to cancer risk comes from large cohort studies, a type of observational study. However, data from observational studies can be difficult to interpret and cannot definitively establish that obesity causes cancer. That is because obese or overweight people may differ from lean people in ways other than their body fat, and it is possible that these other differences—rather than their body fat—are what explains their different cancer risk.

So, your company wants to reduce its landfill waste. Now what? As sustainability reaches top of mind for investors and customers, more companies are beginning to tackle waste in their supply chains in order to boost their green cred.

Yet experts agree it’s important to focus on achieving your healthy weight no matter the number of candles on your birthday cake this year. “Excess fat is something we shouldn’t ignore no matter how old we are,” says Robert Huizenga, MD, the physician featured on The Biggest Loser. And while it can be tempting to throw in the towel, thinking you’re fighting an uphill battle at 60-something, compared with your 20- and 30-something counterparts, he has some interesting news: “There has actually been no difference in the amount or rate of weight loss in individuals of either sex who are over 60 years old versus those who are younger on the 17 seasons of the Biggest Loser show,” says Huizenga. So, while it might feel a little tougher (damn you, sore back), it is possible.

Completing education beyond high school is associated with longer life expectancy and better health at older ages. Among people ages 65 and older in 1965, only 5 percent had completed a bachelor’s degree or more. By 2014, this share had risen to 25 percent.

For example, obesity is associated with increased risks of treatment-related lymphedema in breast cancer survivors (39) and incontinence in prostate cancer survivors treated with radical prostatectomy (40). In a large clinical trial of patients with stage II and stage III rectal cancer, those with a higher baseline BMI (particularly men) had an increased risk of local recurrence (41). Death from multiple myeloma is 50% more likely for people at the highest levels of obesity compared with people at normal weight (42).

The NCI study included half a million members of the AARP, the nation’s largest group representing older Americans. Participants were between the ages of 50 and 71 at enrollment, and were followed for 10 years.

Hu, F., Li, T., Colditz, G., Willett, W., & Manson, J. (2003). Television watching and other Sedentary behaviors, in relation to risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in women. JAMA, 289, 1785-1791.

Even though medications and diets can help, the treatment of obesity cannot be a short-term “fix” but has to be a lifelong commitment to proper diet habits, increased physical activity, and regular exercise.

Children in low- and middle-income countries are more vulnerable to inadequate pre-natal, infant, and young child nutrition. At the same time, these children are exposed to high-fat, high-sugar, high-salt, energy-dense, and micronutrient-poor foods, which tend to be lower in cost but also lower in nutrient quality. These dietary patterns, in conjunction with lower levels of physical activity, result in sharp increases in childhood obesity while undernutrition issues remain unsolved.

Dogs are not only a source of loving companionship, they are also the key to getting daily exercise. Dogs need to be walked at least a few times a day, and also love to play outside. Just by taking good care of your dog, you will be more active, which can help trim off those extra pounds.

Overweight and obesity is also common in women with polycystic ovary syndrome  (PCOS). This is an endocrine condition that causes large ovaries and prevents proper ovulation, which can reduce fertility.

Getting the correct ratios of protein, carbohydrates, and good-quality fats can help in weight loss via enhancement of the metabolism. Support groups that are informed about healthy, nutritious, and balanced diets can offer an individual the support he or she needs to maintain this type of eating regimen.

Most medications that promote weight loss work by suppressing the appetite. Some medications used in the past have been shown to be unsafe and are no longer available. The newer appetite-suppressing medications are thought to be safe, but they do have side effects and may interact with certain other drugs. They are used only under the supervision of a health-care professional.

Jump up ^ Oreopoulos A, Padwal R, Norris CM, Mullen JC, Pretorius V, Kalantar-Zadeh K (February 2008). “Effect of obesity on short- and long-term mortality postcoronary revascularization: A meta-analysis”. Obesity (Silver Spring) (Meta-analysis). 16 (2): 442–50. doi:10.1038/oby.2007.36. PMID 18239657.

A report by the Census Bureau cites a decline in smoking and alcohol intake among Americans 65 and older. However, data indicate 72% of older men and 67% of older women are overweight or obese, putting them at increased odds of conditions such as diabetes and arthritis. Time.com (r.smartbrief.com) (7/1)

The first step in addressing weight loss in seniors is to identify the underlying cause and provide appropriate treatment. If malnutrition is to blame, providing reliable access to good nutrition is crucial. In many cases, the underlying cause cannot be corrected, so treatment is limited to nutritional intervention.

Obesity is known to cause heart disease, stroke, diabetes and certain cancers. Developing any of these illnesses and diseases can have debilitating results, including loss of employment, inability to cover medical costs and care, and disability. Savings can be wiped out, causing tremendous financial hardships — at a time when unemployment is at an all time high. And, to compound the problem, many Americans are living without health insurance, which is a huge financial risk in and of itself.

She was quick to point out that the disability rate of the preretirement age group is “still quite low compared to older Americans,” although it was a full percentage point higher—5 percent instead of 4 percent—compared to people of that same age 10 years earlier.

One Reply to ““what is bmi and why is it valid for estimating obesity prevalence in a population obesity roi calculator””

  1. The principal goal of the fat acceptance movement is to decrease discrimination against people who are overweight and obese.[219][220] However, some in the movement are also attempting to challenge the established relationship between obesity and negative health outcomes.[221]
    The interaction between diet and gut bacteria can predispose us to obesity from the day we are born, as can the mode by which we enter the world. Studies have shown that both formula-fed babies and infants delivered by cesarean section have a higher risk for obesity and diabetes than those who are breast-fed or delivered vaginally. Working together, Rob Knight of the University of Colorado Boulder and Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello of N.Y.U. have found that as newborns traverse the birth canal, they swallow bacteria that will later help them digest milk. C-section babies skip this bacterial baptism. Babies raised on formula face a different disadvantage: they do not get substances in breast milk that nurture beneficial bacteria and limit colonization by harmful ones. According to a recent Canadian study, babies drinking formula have bacteria in their gut that are not seen in breast-fed babies until solid foods are introduced. Their presence before the gut and immune system are mature, says Dominguez-Bello, may be one reason these babies are more susceptible to allergies, asthma, eczema and celiac disease, as well as obesity.
    Take the first step to managing your weight from the comfort of your home. Use our BMI calculator to help you determine whether or not you are considered obese. If you are obese, or have one or more risk factors for obesity, our physicians can help. In cases of severe obesity, surgery may be an option. Learn more about obesity treatments at Stanford.

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