Waist circumference is another widely used measurement to determine abdominal fat content. An excess of abdominal fat, when out of proportion to total body fat, is considered a predictor of risk factors related to obesity. Men with a waist measurement exceeding 40 inches are considered at risk. Women are at risk with a waist measurement of 35 inches or greater.
Flegal KM, Kit BK, Orpana H, Graubard BI. Association of all-cause mortality with overweight and obesity using standard body mass index categories: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA 2013; 309: 71–82.
Rucker, who is obese herself, says she doesn’t expect her older patients to lose a lot of weight. “I think you’ll see weight loss of 10 to 20 pounds, but whether you’re going to see people lose 50 to 100 pounds as they’re older, I doubt it,” says Rucker.
Psychological conditions that contribute to weight loss must be addressed promptly, as they can result in rapid loss of body mass if left untreated. Counselling, therapy and perhaps medication may be required to mitigate the effects of the mental condition.
Your genes also may affect the amount of fat you store in your body and where on your body you carry the extra fat. Because families also share food and physical activity habits, a link exists between genes and the environment.
“Job strain occurs when people experience high demands and low control in their jobs. My research has shown that females are more likely to experience this type of work stress, and Gen X has a significantly higher risk. This is a concern given the known association between high job strain, coronary heart disease, metabolic syndrome, obesity, and type 2 diabetes,” she says.
Your doctor may recommend you enroll in individual or group behavioral weight-loss programs to treat your overweight and obesity. In these programs, a trained healthcare professional will customize a weight-loss plan for you. This plan will include a moderately-reduced calorie diet, physical activity goals, and behavioral strategies to help you make and maintain these lifestyle changes. Read Living With for more information about required follow-up for these behavioral treatment programs.
Jump up ^ Manson JE, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Hunter DJ, Hankinson SE, Hennekens CH, Speizer FE (1995). “Body weight and mortality among women”. N. Engl. J. Med. 333 (11): 677–85. doi:10.1056/NEJM199509143331101. PMID 7637744.
You know that muscle mass decreases with age. (At age 50, you’ve got about 20% less muscle mass than you did when you were 20, and unfortunately it only goes downhill from there.) You also know that muscle loss equals a slower metabolism, which explains why you’re more likely to put on (and hold on to) those extra pounds that seem to creep up with every birthday. But there is something you can do about it: lift weights.
Oral nutritional supplements can be quite beneficial in preventing or reversing weight among elderly adults. Beverages such as Ensure are high in calories and nutrients, and are very convenient for seniors who have a limited ability to prepare nutritious meals. Seniors may need assistance from caregivers or family members to consistently supplement their nutrition so as to achieve maximum benefit.