Another job vacancy associated with obesity might be one normally filled by a stomach bacterium called Helicobacter pylori. Research by Martin Blaser of New York University suggests that it helps to regulate appetite by modulating levels of ghrelin—a hunger-stimulating hormone. H. pylori was once abundant in the American digestive tract but is now rare, thanks to more hygienic living conditions and the use of antibiotics, says Blaser, author of a new book entitled Missing Microbes.
Other possible mechanisms by which obesity could affect cancer risk include changes in the mechanical properties of the scaffolding that surrounds breast cells (30) and altered immune responses, effects on the nuclear factor kappa beta system, and oxidative stress (31).
“Given the link between positive healthy lifestyles and subsequent health in this age group, the present study demonstrates a clear need for policies that expand efforts at prevention and healthy lifestyle promotion in the baby boomer generation,” the study concluded.
Overeating. Overeating leads to weight gain, especially if the diet is high in fat. Foods high in fat or sugar (for example, fast food, fried food, and sweets) have high energy density (foods that have a lot of calories in a small amount of food). Epidemiologic studies have shown that diets high in fat contribute to weight gain.
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5. Kabakov E, Norymberg C, Osher E, Koffler M, Tordjman K, Greenman Y, Stern N: Prevalence of hypertension in type 2 diabetes mellitus: impact of the tightening definition of high blood pressure and association with confounding risk factors. J Cardiometab Syndr 2006; 1: 95– 101 [PubMed]
Lack of access to healthy foods. Some people don’t live in neighborhoods with supermarkets that sell healthy foods, such as fresh fruits and vegetables. Or, for some people, these healthy foods are too costly.
A great first step is to partner with your doctor. If he doesn’t bring up the topic, make the first move and let him know that you want to work toward a healthier weight. Ask for advice, or for a referral to another doctor with more experience in this area. You might also want a referral to a nutritionist and a certified fitness trainer.
“I don’t think there’s any question the earlier you get started, the better,” says Rejeski, a boomer himself who walks about 30 miles a week. “If you allow your mobility to decline, you pay for it in terms of the quality of your own life.”
Jump up ^ National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (1998). Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults (PDF). International Medical Publishing, Inc. ISBN 1-58808-002-1.
Phenylpropanolamine (Acutrim, Dextarim) is the only nonprescription weight-loss drug approved by the FDA These over-the-counter diet aids can boost weight loss by 5%. Combined with diet and exercise and used only with a doctor’s approval, prescription anti-obesity medications enable some patients to lose 10% more weight than they otherwise would. Most patients regain lost weight after discontinuing use of either prescription medications or nonprescription weight-loss products.
I’ve developed a menengioma and I’ve had a smalk stroke. Finally…I’m suffering severe chronic pain from severely arthritic (bone on bone) knees and acutely painful arthritis of the lumbar spine. Alk this, pkus severe Fibromyalgia. I’ve become more and more sedentary and withdrawn, due to the pain….and can hardly walk a block. I entered a pain management program a few years ago and am following a carefully monitored program of opoid meds….without which, I’d be unable to live independently, and I’d be in a wheelchair.
Gadde, K.M., et al. “Effects of low-dose, controlled-release, phentermine plus topiramate combination on weight and associated comorbidities in overweight and obese adults (CONQUER): a randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial.” Lancet 377.9774 Apr. 16, 2011: 1341-1352.
In 2005, the medical costs attributable to obesity in the US were an estimated $190.2 billion or 20.6% of all medical expenditures, while the cost of obesity in Canada was estimated at CA$2 billion in 1997 (2.4% of total health costs). The total annual direct cost of overweight and obesity in Australia in 2005 was A$21 billion. Overweight and obese Australians also received A$35.6 billion in government subsidies. The estimate range for annual expenditures on diet products is $40 billion to $100 billion the US alone.
Being overweight or obese affects more than just a person’s outward appearance. In fact, excess weight and obesity can lead to many serious health risks, gradually destroying one’s quality of life. According to the National Institutes of Health, if obesity remains untreated, it can cause numerous serious, and even life-threatening, health problems: