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Research has suggested that if you do not sleep enough your risk of becoming obese doubles. Research was carried out at Warwick Medical School at the University of Warwick. The risk applies to both adults and children. Professor Francesco Cappuccio and team reviewed evidence in over 28,000 children and 15,000 adults. Their evidence clearly showed that sleep deprivation significantly increased obesity risk in both groups.
an abnormal increase in the proportion of fat cells, mainly in the viscera and subcutaneous tissues of the body. Obesity may be exogenous or endogenous. Hyperplastic obesity is caused by an increase in the number of fat cells in the increased adipose tissue mass. Hypertrophic obesity results from an increase in the size of the fat cells in the increased adipose tissue mass.
One occasional source of obesogenic travesties is The New York Times Magazine’s lead food writer, Mark Bittman, who now rivals Pollan as a shepherd to the anti-processed-food flock. (Salon, in an article titled “How to Live What Michael Pollan Preaches,” called Bittman’s 2009 book, Food Matters, “both a cookbook and a manifesto that shows us how to eat better—and save the planet.”) I happened to catch Bittman on the Today show last year demonstrating millions of viewers four ways to prepare corn in summertime, including a lovely dish of corn sautéed in bacon fat and topped with bacon. Anyone who thinks that such a thing is much healthier than a Whopper just hasn’t been paying attention to obesity science for the past few decades.
Central obesity (obesity based on waist circum­ference) is significantly associated with hypertension, low HDL, and impair­ed fasting glucose. Obesity by body ma­ss index (BMI) is associated with hyper­triglyceridemia.A
The association between obesity and cancer is not quite as clear as that for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This is due in part to the fact that cancer is not a single disease but a collection of individual diseases.
In addition to suffering from poor physical health, overweight and obese children can often be targets of early social discrimination. The psychological stress of social stigmatization can cause low self-esteem which, in turn, can hinder academic and social functioning, and persist into adulthood. While research is still being conducted, there have been some studies showing that obese children are not learning as well as those who are not obese. Further, physical fitness has been shown to be associated with higher achievement.
Senior exercisers speak with Dennis T. Villareal, MD, while participating in a study to find effective ways to boost physical function and reduce frailty in the elderly. Both were obese when the study began but lost weight through a combination of diet and exercise.
Eating too much or eating too little during your pregnancy can change your baby’s DNA and can affect how your child stores and uses fat later in life. Also, studies have shown that obese fathers have DNA changes in their sperm that can be passed on to their children.
What is heart disease (coronary artery disease)? Learn about the causes of heart disease. Symptoms of heart disease include chest pain and shortness of breath. Explore heart disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
While Americans are consuming more calories, they are not expending them with enough physical activity. Physical activity is an important element in modifying and shaping behaviors. The influence of television, computers and other technologies discourage physical activity and add to the problem of obesity in our society.
Cardiovascular disease, thromboembolism, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, cholorectal cancer, abnormal GI transit, poor wound healing, atelectasis, hepatic steatosis and fibrosis, increased risk of vision loss. 
Keep in mind that a good appetite does not rule out disease, because cats with certain conditions (e.g. hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, malnutrition from malabsorption or maldigestion, internal parasites, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, nonsuppurative cholangitis-cholangiohepatitis complex) may have a normal or increased appetite. And if an owner reports that the cat is interested in food but is unable or reluctant to eat, consider dental disease, oral or pharyngeal masses or foreign bodies, chronic gingivitis-stomatitis,1 or retrobulbar masses or abscesses.
Despite billions of dollars being spent on public awareness campaigns that attempt to encourage people to eat healthily, the majority of us continue to overeat. In 1980 14% of the adult population of the USA was obese; by 2000 the figure reached 31% (The Obesity Society).
Many studies have seen a high BMI in people who do not get enough sleep. Some studies have seen a relationship between sleep and the way our bodies use nutrients for energy and how lack of sleep can affect hormones that control hunger urges. Visit our Sleep Deprivation and Deficiency Health Topic for more information about lack of sleep.
Jump up ^ Dentali F, Squizzato A, Ageno W (July 2009). “The metabolic syndrome as a risk factor for venous and arterial thrombosis”. Semin. Thromb. Hemost. 35 (5): 451–57. doi:10.1055/s-0029-1234140. PMID 19739035.
Excess weight impairs respiratory function via mechanical and metabolic pathways. The accumulation of abdominal fat, for example, may limit the descent of the diaphragm, and in turn, lung expansion, while the accumulation of visceral fat can reduce the flexibility of the chest wall, sap respiratory muscle strength, and narrow airways in the lungs. (32) Cytokines generated by the low-grade inflammatory state that accompanies obesity may also impede lung function.
“This is a social issue,” former president Bill Clinton told the audience at a recent summit on obesity, as he accepted an award for the work of his group, the Alliance for a Healthier Generation. “We are trying to turn the Titanic around before it hits the iceberg.”
Physical illnesses may also have secondary characteristics that lead to weight loss. For example, gall stones often result in decreased appetite and nausea, which causes them to avoid high-energy foods.
47. Prospective Studies Collaboration. Whitlock G, Lewington S, Sherliker P, Clarke R, Emberson J, Halsey J, Qizilbash N, Collins R, Peto R: Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in 900 000 adults: collaborative analyses of 57 prospective studies. Lancet 2009; 373: 1083– 1096 [PMC free article] [PubMed]
19. Splett PL, Roth-Yousey LL, Vogelzang JL. Medical nutrition therapy for the prevention and treatment of unintentional weight loss in residential healthcare facilities. J Am Diet Assoc 2003; 103:352–62 [PubMed]
If you have other questions about how Medicare can help you with weight loss for seniors, I’d be happy to help. To set up a time to talk one-on-one about your Medicare needs, click the link below. You can also request an email from me with personalized Medicare information; you’ll find that link below as well. To start browsing on your own, click the Compare Plans button on this page. Or, to get assistance quickly from a licensed insurance agent, feel free to call us. Call Medicare.com’s licensed insurance agents at 1-844-847-2660, TTY users 711; Monday through Friday, 8AM to 8PM ET.
Jump up ^ Zametkin AJ, Zoon CK, Klein HW, Munson S (February 2004). “Psychiatric aspects of child and adolescent obesity: a review of the past 10 years”. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry (Review). 43 (2): 134–50. doi:10.1097/00004583-200402000-00008. PMID 14726719.
Jump up ^ Walley, Andrew J.; Asher, Julian E.; Froguel, Philippe (July 2009). “The genetic contribution to non-syndromic human obesity”. Nat. Rev. Genet. (Review). 10 (7): 431–42. doi:10.1038/nrg2594. PMID 19506576. However, it is also clear that genetics greatly influences this situation, giving individuals in the same ‘obesogenic’ environment significantly different risks of becoming obese.
“Given the link between positive healthy lifestyles and subsequent health in this age group, the present study demonstrates a clear need for policies that expand efforts at prevention and healthy lifestyle promotion in the baby boomer generation,” the study concluded.
Lars Sjöström, M.D., Ph.D., Anna-Karin Lindroos, Ph.D., Markku Peltonen, Ph.D., Jarl Torgerson, M.D., Ph.D., Claude Bouchard, Ph.D., Björn Carlsson, M.D., Ph.D., Sven Dahlgren, M.D., Ph.D., Bo Larsson, M.D., Ph.D., Kristina Narbro, Ph.D., Carl David Sjöström, M.D., Ph.D., Marianne Sullivan, Ph.D., Hans Wedel, Ph.D.. “Lifestyle, Diabetes, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors 10 Years after Bariatric Surgery.” New England Journal of Medicine. Volume 351:2683-2693, December 23, 2004.
So, your company wants to reduce its landfill waste. Now what? As sustainability reaches top of mind for investors and customers, more companies are beginning to tackle waste in their supply chains in order to boost their green cred.
The percentage of overweight and obese Americans 65 and older has grown: 72% of older men and 67% of older women are now overweight or obese. Baby boomers started reaching age 65 in 2011, and the report, which was funded by the National Institutes of Health, also shows many of these older Americans are not financially prepared to pay for long-term care in nursing homes. That’s concerning, since America’s aging population, which is now around 40 million, is estimated to double by 2050.
Deloitte has centered on two key areas where it can leverage its strengths as a business service provider to have a positive impact for the long term on the communities in which it operates: education and workforce development.
nursing considerations Nursing interventions are aimed at reinforcement of long-term life-style changes, including a balanced diet and regular exercise. Instruction is aimed at developing mutually agreed-on diet and exercise goals and successful management of blood pressure, lipid levels, and glucose levels.
Another aim of this review was to report on weight maintenance and long-term health outcomes to determine if weight loss can be maintained beyond one year. It was unexpected that only one small follow-up pilot study fit our inclusion criteria (Waters et al. 2013).

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