Meningioma: The risk of this slow-growing brain tumor that arises in the membranes surrounding the brain and the spinal cord is increased by about 50% in people who are obese and about 20% in people who are overweight (16).
The Swiss ball (also called stability balls, exercise balls, fitness or yoga balls)—are one of the best fitness tools you can own and use. Our “Exercise Ball Workout Poster” will show you 35 supper ef
Taking your medications as directed. If you take weight-loss medications or medications to treat obesity-related conditions, such as high blood pressure or diabetes, take them exactly as prescribed. If you have a problem sticking with your medication regimen or have unpleasant side effects, talk to your doctor.
Obesity experts suggest that a key to preventing excess weight gain is monitoring fat consumption rather than counting calories, and the National Cholesterol Education Program maintains that only 30% of calories should be derived from fat. Only one-third of those calories should be contained in saturated fats (the kind of fat found in high concentrations in meat, poultry, and dairy products). Because most people eat more than they think they do, keeping a detailed food diary is a useful way to assess eating habits. Eating three balanced, moderate-portion meals a day—with the main meal at mid-day—is a more effective way to prevent obesity than fasting or crash diets. Exercise increases the metabolic rate by creating muscle, which burns more calories than fat. When regular exercise is combined with regular, healthful meals, calories continue to burn at an accelerated rate for several hours. Finally, encouraging healthful habits in children is a key to preventing childhood obesity and the health problems that follow in adulthood.
Klein, S., et al. “Clinical Implications of Obesity With Specific Focus on Cardiovascular Disease: A Statement for Professionals From the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, Metabolism: Endorsed by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.” Circulation 110.18 (2004): 2952-2967.
There are many possible pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the development and maintenance of obesity. This field of research had been almost unapproached until the leptin gene was discovered in 1994 by J. M. Friedman’s laboratory. While leptin and ghrelin are produced peripherally, they control appetite through their actions on the central nervous system. In particular, they and other appetite-related hormones act on the hypothalamus, a region of the brain central to the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. There are several circuits within the hypothalamus that contribute to its role in integrating appetite, the melanocortin pathway being the most well understood. The circuit begins with an area of the hypothalamus, the arcuate nucleus, that has outputs to the lateral hypothalamus (LH) and ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH), the brain’s feeding and satiety centers, respectively.
Gordon theorizes that the gut community in obese mice has certain “job vacancies” for microbes that perform key roles in maintaining a healthy body weight and normal metabolism. His studies, as well as those by other researchers, offer enticing clues about what those roles might be. Compared with the thin mice, for example, Gordon’s fat mice had higher levels in their blood and muscles of substances known as branched-chain amino acids and acylcarnitines. Both these chemicals are typically elevated in people with obesity and type 2 diabetes.
“It’s typical for older adults to have less of an appetite as they age,” says Moreno. This often occurs, he says, because people become more sedentary and it becomes harder to stimulate hunger. Moreno suggests that a healthy diet for seniors should consist of smaller more frequent meals.
23. Yeh S, Wu SY, Levine DM, et al. Quality of life and stimulation of weight gain after treatment with megestrol acetate: correlation between cytokine levels and nutritional status, appetite in geriatric patients with wasting syndrome. J Nutr Health Aging 2000; 4:246–51 [PubMed]
Stage 2: You have an obesity-related chronic disease, such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, or osteoarthritis, and you have moderate problems doing daily activities or feeling well.
While not a dramatic increase in percentage terms, she described the trend as meaningful in terms of numbers of people. The 1 percent increase represents about 365,000 more people who are having difficulty or who are unable to carry out basic personal care activities and daily tasks central to living independently, she calculated.
Genetic: It has been determined that obesity runs in families, meaning that those who have family members with weight issues are more likely to become overweight or obese themselves. Multiple research studies have shown a genetic link, specifically in the way in which a person’s body stores and processes fat.
Asthma and obstructive sleep apnea are two common respiratory diseases that have been linked with obesity. In a meta-analysis of seven prospective studies that included 333,000 subjects, obesity increased the risk of developing asthma in both men and women by 50 percent. (33) Obesity is also a major contributor to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is estimated to affect approximately one in five adults; one in 15 adults has moderate or severe obstructive sleep apnea. This condition is associated with daytime sleepiness, accidents, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and premature mortality. Between 50 percent and 75 percent of individuals with OSA are obese. (32) Clinical trials suggest that modest weight loss can be helpful when treating sleep apnea. (34, 35)
Cardiovascular disease – mainly heart disease and stroke – is already the world’s number one cause of death, killing 17 million people each year and diabetes has rapidly become a global epidemic – according to WHO projections diabetes deaths will increase by more than 50% worldwide in the next 10 years.
Mirtazapine (Remeron), a serotonin antagonist used to treat depression, has gained interest as a possible treatment for unintentional weight loss in older patients because 12% of patients who take this drug for depression report weight gain.36 Although no literature exists to support its use for unintentional weight loss, mirtazapine may be an option for older patients with depression who also have unintentional weight loss. Because dizziness and orthostatic hypotension are possible adverse effects of mirtazapine, caution is warranted in patients at risk of falls.36,37
Being an active participant in your care is important. One way to do this is by preparing for your appointment. Think about your needs and goals for treatment. Also, write down a list of questions to ask. These questions may include
In 2016, an estimated 41 million children under the age of 5 years were overweight or obese. Once considered a high-income country problem, overweight and obesity are now on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings. In Africa, the number of overweight children under 5 has increased by nearly 50 per cent since 2000. Nearly half of the children under 5 who were overweight or obese in 2016 lived in Asia.
Studies of the effect of obesity on specific health outcomes such as diabetes or depression provide only a glimpse of the full impact of obesity on health and well-being. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) integrates the effect of obesity (or any other condition) across physical, psychological, and social functioning. Although HRQoL is a relatively young field of research, a number of studies have evaluated the overall impact of obesity on HRQoL. Among 31 studies in adults, the majority demonstrated that obesity was significantly associated with reduced HRQoL, compared with normal weight. (19) Researchers found a similar association among five HRQoL studies in children and adolescents.
^ Jump up to: a b Kanazawa, M; Yoshiike, N; Osaka, T; Numba, Y; Zimmet, P; Inoue, S (2005). “Criteria and classification of obesity in Japan and Asia-Oceania”. World review of nutrition and dietetics. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics. 94: 1–12. doi:10.1159/000088200. ISBN 3-8055-7944-6. PMID 16145245.
Your mother is enabling him to maintain his current weight. She probably doesn’t recognize her part in the problem but suggesting that she manage her responses may help her recognize that she is part of the problem.
Obesity is mostly preventable through a combination of social changes and personal choices. Changes to diet and exercising are the main treatments. Diet quality can be improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods, such as those high in fat and sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber. Medications may be used, along with a suitable diet, to reduce appetite or decrease fat absorption. If diet, exercise, and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume or length of the intestines, leading to feeling full earlier or a reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.
“There is the potential for obesity-related health problems to propel many from the workforce early, or to drastically reduce their ability to work. If ongoing generations continue down this path of developing what were once considered to be age-related conditions earlier in life, the consequences for healthcare costs will be enormous.”
When you are looking for a good reference point for senior nutrition and weight loss guide, sifting through all the media and find the right source of information can prove a challenge. These days, anyone feels like they can make dietary recommendations, but it’s important to ensure that your senior nutrition is well-rounded, and that you understand when weight loss might be appropriate, and when weight loss might indicate a decline in health for your elderly loved one.
As designed, body weight and fat mass (FM) decreased significantly in the intervention group. Fat free mass (FFM) decreased in both groups but the difference was not statistically significant. Physical performance test score, peak oxygen consumption, and functional status all significantly improved in the diet and exercise group. Increases in strength were equal to or greater than reported in earlier trials in non-obese older adults completing a similar exercise program (Binder 2002; Villareal 2003; Villareal 2004). The investigators stressed that it was not difficult to change the behavior of these older sedentary adults, showing that it was a feasible intervention, which also provided important social interactions that enhanced compliance.
^ Jump up to: a b Afshin A (12 June 2017). “Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years”. New England Journal of Medicine. 377 (1): 13–27. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1614362. PMC 5477817 . PMID 28604169.
One of the things seniors often struggle most with is flexibility, and it can be tough to know how to improve this. Yoga or Pilates are great ways to safely do this – as long as you find a teacher who understands the needs of older people.
Nicklas BJ, Ambrosius W, Messier SP, Miller GD, Penninx BWJH, Loeser RF, Palla S, Bleecker E, Pahor M. Diet-induced weight loss, exercise, and chronic inflammation in older, obese adults: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004;79:544–551. [PubMed]
There are a number of physical, psychological, and emotional issues that can arise as a result of obesity. In some instances the consequences of obesity can be life threatening, which is why excessive weight problems should be addressed as soon as possible. Some of the possible consequences of obesity include:
A. The main two surgical approaches for obesity treatment are gastric banding and gastric bypass. Band surgery is reversible, while bowel shortening operations (bypass) are not. Here is more information about being a candidte for surgery- http://www.5min.com/Video/Weight-Loss-Surgery-To-Be-a-Surgical-Candidate-5007
More than one-third of people age 65 and older in the United States are obese, according to the study authors. Obesity worsens the typical age-related decline in physical functioning and causes frailty, while weight loss can lead to harmful declines in muscle mass and bone density.