Cancer. Obesity has been linked to cancer of the colon in men and women, cancer of the rectum and prostate in men, and cancer of the gallbladder and uterus in women. Obesity may also be associated with breast cancer, particularly in postmenopausal women. Fat tissue is important in the production of estrogen, and prolonged exposure to high levels of estrogen increases the risk of breast cancer.
HEIDI L. GADDEY, MD, is associate program director at the Ehrling Bergquist Family Medicine Residency Program, Offutt Air Force Base, Neb. At the time this article was written she was associate program director at the David Grant Medical Center Family Medicine Residency Program, Travis Air Force Base, Calif….
BMI provides the most useful population-level measure of overweight and obesity as it is the same for both sexes and for all ages of adults. However, it should be considered a rough guide because it may not correspond to the same degree of fatness in different individuals.
Collaboration NCDRF. Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: a pooled analysis of 1698 population-based measurement studies with 19·2 million participants. Lancet 2016; 387: 1377–1396.
The goal of obesity treatment is to reach and stay at a healthy weight. You may need to work with a team of health professionals — including a dietitian, behavior counselor or an obesity specialist — to help you understand and make changes in your eating and activity habits.
As for motivating him to get to his food instead of bringing it him, could work. I have seen those who were nearly one thousand pounds, get up out of bed and walk the 20 feet to the table to get the fried chicken. He knows how his weight is affection him, and is probably upset with being so huge. But I know that all the talking will not help do anything but make him more hard headed about it. I wish you luck in your quest. Maybe if he was removed from home to a care center, he MIGHT get motivated to lose weight and come home.
What can you do right now to stop this dangerous trend? It’s simple. When I saw the post-menopausal pounds creeping up around the time I turned 50 a few years ago, I took action: I started to walk, then run. Push-ups and sit-ups became part of my daily life, and I began a healthy eating program which is comprised of eating small, healthy meals every two to three hours. The combination of moving my body every day and eating less was all it took. At the age of 54, I am fitter than I’ve ever been. There isn’t a single thing I do that any other average American couldn’t do, too.
The longer a person is overweight, the harder it becomes for them to lose weight. Many have wondered whether obesity itself becomes a permanent state, i.e. does obesity promote obesity?. Researchers from the University of Michigan and the National Council of Science and Technology (COINCET) in Argentina, reported in the Journal of Clinical Investigation that in animal experiments, obesity seems to become a self-perpetuating state.
Medical experts report that obesity raises the risk of developing some cancers, sleep apnea and respiratory problems, osteoarthritis, diabetes and coronary heart disease. Obese Medicare beneficiaries are estimated to cost 34% more than their non-obese/overweight peers. According to the Poll, approximately 77 million US baby boomers may be eligible for Medicare coverage.
Urinary incontinence, the unintentional leakage of urine. Chronic obesity can weaken pelvic muscles, making it harder to maintain bladder control. While it can happen to both sexes, it usually affects women as they age.
In today’s fast-paced environment, it is easy to adopt unhealthy behaviors. Behavior, in the case of obesity, relates to food choices, amount of physical activity you get and the effort to maintain your health.
Protein Diets: Diets which are high in protein are likely to be detrimental to your health. They persuade your body to go into a state of ketosis which is akin to starvation. This can place a huge strain on your kidneys, liver and even your brain.
Ephedra should not be used by anyone with a history of diabetes, heart disease, or thyroid problems. In fact, an article that appeared in the Journal of the American Medical Association in early 2003 advised against the use of ephedra.
Scientific research has shown that increasing low intensity exercise produces a very low risk of injury to the heart of muscle skeletal system. A light- to moderate–intensity activity, such as 5 to 15 minutes of walking per session, 2 to 3 times a week.
Over two-thirds of American adults are overweight or obese (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2004), with many estimates even higher (ACSM 2010). People must be more than 20 percent heavier than the recommended bodyweight for their height to be considered obese, yet bodyweight based on height chart assessments alone does not identify how much extra fat a person is carrying. Another method that does not identify body fat but rather uses bodyweight relative to height (kg/m2) is the body mass index (BMI). The National Institutes of Health (2007) use BMI values between 25 and 29.9 and those greater than 30 for classifying people who are overweight and obese, respectively. When skinfold measurements, or the more precise method of underwater weighing, are used to determine body-fat percentage, values that exceed the normal range by at least 5 percent are considered obese. In older populations, ACSM (2010) has suggested that satisfactory body-fat values for men and women age 50 to 59 are between 10 and 22 percent and 20 and 32 percent, respectively. Average body-fat values reported by the Cooper Institute for men age 60 to 69 and 70 to 79 are 22.6 and 23.1 percent, respectively, and those for women are 27.9 and 28.6 percent, respectively (ACSM 2010). Although girth measurements may also be used with older adults, they may not be as helpful because there are no well-established values for persons over 56 years of age. Regardless of the method used for assessing body composition, the lifestyles of many Americans clearly contribute to their weighing too much.
Schmitz KH, Neuhouser ML, Agurs-Collins T, et al. Impact of obesity on cancer survivorship and the potential relevance of race and ethnicity. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2013; 105(18):1344-1354.
Obesity best defined by using the body mass index. The body mass index is calculated using a person’s height and weight. The body mass index (BMI) equals a person’s weight in kilograms (kg) divided by their height in meters (m) squared. Since BMI describes body weight relative to height, it is strongly correlated with total body fat content in adults. An adult who has a BMI of 25-29.9 is considered overweight, and an adult who has a BMI over 30 is considered obese. A BMI of 18.5-24.9 is considered normal weight.
Davidson says the Weight Watchers point system works well, because it makes eating balanced meals easy. Others that provide prepared meals throughout the day, such as Jenny Craig and Nutrisystem, “keep caloric content low but steady throughout the day,” he says. “And those work for the elderly quite well.”
The first step in addressing unintentional weight loss in seniors is to identify the underlying cause and provide appropriate treatment. If malnutrition is to blame, providing reliable access to good nutrition is crucial. In many cases, the underlying cause cannot be corrected, so treatment is limited to nutritional intervention.
In 2006–2007, 65% of baby boomers in South Australia were overweight or obese, and 26% were obese. There were statistically significant increases in both categories between 2002 and 2007. In 2006–2007, the overweight or obese groups were significantly different on a wide range of social, demographic and health-related variables when compared to their non-overweight peers at the univariate level. In the multivariate analysis the obese group was more likely to have risk factors (high blood pressure, insufficient exercise) and chronic disease (diabetes, asthma, arthritis). They were also more likely to be in lower socio-economic areas, to be of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin and have lower levels of education.
Public health officials warn that the results of physical inactivity and poor diet are catching up to tobacco as a significant threat to health. We are committed to helping you get healthy and stay that way. Learn about obesity prevention.
A number of organizations exist that promote the acceptance of obesity. They have increased in prominence in the latter half of the 20th century. The US-based National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance (NAAFA) was formed in 1969 and describes itself as a civil rights organization dedicated to ending size discrimination.
Eat less “energy dense foods.” Energy dense foods are high in fats and simple sugars. They generally have a high calorie value in a small amount of food. The United States government currently recommends that a healthy diet should have less than 30% fat. Fat contains twice as many calories per unit weight than protein or carbohydrates. Examples of high-energy dense foods include red meat, egg yolks, fried foods, high fat/sugar fast foods, sweets, pastries, butter, and high-fat salad dressings. Also cut down on foods that provide calories but very little nutrition, such as alcohol, non-diet soft drinks, and many packaged high-calorie snack foods.