“central obesity medical definition -obesity map”

Jump up ^ Johansson E, Böckerman P, Kiiskinen U, Heliövaara M (2009). “Obesity and labour market success in Finland: The difference between having a high BMI and being fat”. Economics and Human Biology. 7 (1): 36–45. doi:10.1016/j.ehb.2009.01.008. PMID 19249259.
Genetic factors are difficult to change. However, people and places can play a role in helping children achieve and maintain a healthy weight. Families, communities, schools, out-of-school programs, medical care providers, faith-based institutions, government agencies, the media, food and beverage companies, and entertainment industries all influence the dietary and physical activity behaviors of children and adolescents.7-9
When a panel of health and nutrition experts ranked 35 diets for Best Diets 2015, they considered not only weight loss, but also whether diets were heart healthy, good for controlling diabetes and easy to follow. Now, two panel members discuss which U.S. News-ranked diets make the most sense for seniors.
The International Size Acceptance Association (ISAA) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) which was founded in 1997. It has more of a global orientation and describes its mission as promoting size acceptance and helping to end weight-based discrimination.[224] These groups often argue for the recognition of obesity as a disability under the US Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA). The American legal system, however, has decided that the potential public health costs exceed the benefits of extending this anti-discrimination law to cover obesity.[221]
Children who have a television in their bedroom are much more likely to be obese or overweight than kids who do not, researchers from the Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, LA, reported in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine (December 2012 issue).
Senior weight loss is a possibility when monitored by an instructor who ensures that the exercises are safe and beneficial. It is always good to consult your doctor before enrolling for a weight loss program. Frequent breaks should be taken while working out in the gym. Keeping the body well hydrated by drinking lot of water boosts metabolism and results in weight reduction. Ideal training session is one that begins with stretching, becomes intense and cools down towards the end.
Take your weight loss and weight maintenance one day at a time and surround yourself with supportive resources to help ensure your success. Find a healthier way of living that you can stick with for the long term.
The medication is approved patients who are obese (BMI >30) or overweight (BMQ >27) with one weight-related health issue. The predominant side effects were headache and dizziness, as well as fatigue. In patients with diabetes, low blood sugar was also a concern when taking Belviq.
350 pounds is the maximum weight a standard hospital bed can handle, and there is no national census to increase the weight or offer additional beds for heavier patients. Because of the expensive costs of the equipment, staffing issues and increased health problems, assisted living communities and nursing homes rarely accept more than a few markedly obese patients.
Seniors are prone to different kinds of health disorders including cardiovascular problems, high blood sugar levels, hypertension, kidney and liver troubles or joint pains. These tend to be a hindrance when considering to lose weight. Yet, senior weight loss is definitely a possibility. With the present day health and wellness programs, diet, muscle training and weight loss exercises designed with seniors in mind, they can easily maintain a balanced weight and look fit.
Three papers (Villareal 2011a; Armamento-Villareal 2012; Shah 2011) reported on a cohort of 107 frail obese adults using similar inclusion criteria and interventions to their earlier trials. In Villareal 2011a, weight loss plus exercise improved physical function and ameliorated frailty more than either weight loss or exercise alone, and sarcopenic-obesity was reduced in all intervention groups. However, there was a loss of both lean body mass and hip BMD. These loses were attenuated by the addition of exercise but not stopped. It is currently unknown what additional intervention(s) are needed to totally mitigate these loses. The investigators suggested higher doses of calcium and vitamin D, or performing only aerobic or resistance exercise individually, or including anti-resorptive therapy during active weight loss might be effective in mitigating the losses of BMD and LBM during active weight loss.
According to the National Institute of Health, the percentage of those seniors entering nursing homes who are moderate and severely obese — with a body mass index of 35 or greater — has risen sharply, to nearly 25% in 2010 from 14.7% in 2000, according to a recent study, and many signs suggest the upward trend is continuing.

“hypertrophic obesity definition +obesityhelp forum ontario”

Goodwin PJ, Segal RJ, Vallis M, et al. Randomized trial of a telephone-based weight loss intervention in postmenopausal women with breast cancer receiving letrozole: the LISA trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2014; 32(21):2231-2239.
Jump up ^ Wamberg, Louise; Pedersen, Steen B.; Rejnmark, Lars; Richelsen, Bjørn (2015). “Causes of Vitamin D Deficiency and Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Metabolic Complications in Obesity: a Review”. Current Obesity Reports. 4 (4): 429–40. doi:10.1007/s13679-015-0176-5. ISSN 2162-4968. PMID 26353882.
Overweight and obesity and their associated health problems have a significant economic impact on health systems and the medical costs associated with overweight and obesity have both direct and indirect costs – direct medical costs may include preventive, diagnostic, and treatment services related to obesity, while indirect costs relate to loss of income from decreased productivity, restricted activity, absenteeism, and bed days and the income lost by premature death.
Caring.com is a leading online destination for caregivers seeking information and support as they care for aging parents, spouses, and other loved ones. We offer thousands of original articles, helpful tools, advice from more than 50 leading experts, a community of caregivers, and a comprehensive directory of caregiving services.
When you are looking for a good reference point for senior nutrition and weight loss guide, sifting through all the media and find the right source of information can prove a challenge. These days, anyone feels like they can make dietary recommendations, but it’s important to ensure that your senior nutrition is well-rounded, and that you understand when weight loss might be appropriate, and when weight loss might indicate a decline in health for your elderly loved one.
Contributors: Svetlana Stajkovic and Jayna Holroyd-Leduc developed the concept of the review. Elizabeth Aitken conducted the literature search. All of the authors reviewed and critically appraised the literature cited in the manuscript. Svetlana Stajkovic drafted the article, and all of the authors revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content and approved the final version submitted for publishing.
Unintentional weight loss in persons older than 65 years is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The most common etiologies are malignancy, nonmalignant gastrointestinal disease, and psychiatric conditions. Overall, nonmalignant diseases are more common causes of unintentional weight loss in this population than malignancy. Medication use and polypharmacy can interfere with taste or cause nausea and should not be overlooked. Social factors may contribute to unintentional weight loss. A readily identifiable cause is not found in 16% to 28% of cases. Recommended tests include a complete blood count, basic metabolic panel, liver function tests, thyroid function tests, C-reactive protein levels, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, glucose measurement, lactate dehydrogenase measurement, and urinalysis. Chest radiography and fecal occult blood testing should be performed. Abdominal ultrasonography may also be considered. When baseline evaluation is unremarkable, a three- to six-month observation period is justified. Treatment focuses on the underlying cause. Nutritional supplements and flavor enhancers, and dietary modification that takes into account patient preferences and chewing or swallowing disabilities may be considered. Appetite stimulants may increase weight but have serious adverse effects and no evidence of decreased mortality.
A rigorous inclusion criterion as described above was employed. Only randomized controlled trials with a minimum weight loss intervention of three months, and body composition measured by DXA, MRI, CT, or hydrostatic weighing were included. Studies which targeted specific chronic diseases or conditions (e.g. diabetes mellitus, osteoarthritis), were excluded.
23. Yeh S, Wu SY, Levine DM, et al. Quality of life and stimulation of weight gain after treatment with megestrol acetate: correlation between cytokine levels and nutritional status, appetite in geriatric patients with wasting syndrome. J Nutr Health Aging 2000; 4:246–51 [PubMed]
Habits change as we get older, and so do the little things we need to do on a daily basis to stay healthy. Maintaining a healthy weight greatly reduces the risk of serious illnesses like diabetes, heart diseases and even cancer, which makes it more important than ever to stay fit as we get older. By incorporating healthy lifestyle habits into the daily routine, maintaining an optimal weight as a senior is a reachable goal.
Excess weight places mechanical and metabolic strains on bones, muscles, and joints. In the United States, an estimated 46 million adults (about one in five) report doctor-diagnosed arthritis. (1) Osteoarthritis of the knee and hip are both positively associated with obesity, and obese patients account for one-third of all joint replacement operations. (39) Obesity also increases the risk of back pain, lower limb pain, and disability due to musculoskeletal conditions.
The investigators used the Physical Performance Test, a test that evaluates an individual’s ability to perform tasks, such as walking 50 feet, putting on and removing a coat, standing up from a chair, picking up a penny, climbing a flight of stairs and lifting a book.
Jump up ^ Weng HH, Bastian LA, Taylor DH, Moser BK, Ostbye T (2004). “Number of children associated with obesity in middle-aged and men: results from the health and retirement study”. J Women’s Health (Larchmt) (Comparative Study). 13 (1): 85–91. doi:10.1089/154099904322836492. PMID 15006281.
Children grow at different rates at different times, so it is not always easy to tell if a child is overweight. The CDC BMI growth charts are used to compare a child’s BMI with other children of the same sex and age. It is important that a child’s health care provider evaluates a child’s BMI, growth, and potential health risks due to excess body weight. An online tool for gauging the BMIs of children and teens can be found at: https://nccd.cdc.gov/dnpabmi/Calculator.aspx

“obesity definition verb |senior weight loss alpharetta”

Almost any of the commercial weight-loss programs can work but only if they motivate you sufficiently to decrease the amount of calories you eat or increase the amount of calories you burn each day (or both). What elements of a weight-loss program should a consumer look for in judging its potential for safe and successful weight loss? A responsible and safe weight-loss program should be able to document for you the five following features:
For individuals who are severely obese, dietary changes and behavior modification may be accompanied by surgery to reduce or bypass portions of the stomach or small intestine. Although obesity surgery is less risky as of 2003 because of recent innovations in equipment and surgical technique, it is still performed only on patients for whom other strategies have failed and whose obesity seriously threatens their health. Other surgical procedures are not recommended, including liposuction, a purely cosmetic procedure in which a suction device is used to remove fat from beneath the skin, and jaw wiring, which can damage gums and teeth and cause painful muscle spasms.
If you find that you need more help than diet and exercise, talk with your doctor. Certain prescription drugs are approved for weight loss. They curb your appetite or prevent your body from absorbing fat. You’ll still need to watch what you eat and be active.
Your exercise can be done all at one time or intermittently over the day. Initial activities may be walking or swimming at a slow pace. Your regimen can be adapted to other forms of physical activity, but walking is a particularly smart choice because of its safety and accessibility. Increase activity by undertaking frequent, less strenuous exercises, such as walking up and down the stairs instead of the using the elevator. You may eventually be able to engage in more strenuous activities such as tennis or any form of group sport.
(A few words on salt: Yes, it’s unhealthy in large amounts, raising blood pressure in many people; and yes, it makes food more appealing. But salt is not obesogenic—it has no calories, and doesn’t specifically increase the desire to consume high-calorie foods. It can just as easily be enlisted to add to the appeal of vegetables. Lumping it in with fat and sugar as an addictive junk-food ingredient is a confused proposition. But let’s agree we want to cut down on it.)
Strength training targets two vital components that gain vulnerability with age: bones and muscles. Dr. Cheskin recommends beginning with a set of light weights, such as 5 lb. weights. Legs, arms, and core are the key areas to work.
Jump up ^ Berrington de Gonzalez A, Hartge P, Cerhan JR, Flint AJ, Hannan L, MacInnis RJ, Moore SC, Tobias GS, Anton-Culver H, Freeman LB, Beeson WL, Clipp SL, English DR, Folsom AR, Freedman DM, Giles G, Hakansson N, Henderson KD, Hoffman-Bolton J, Hoppin JA, Koenig KL, Lee IM, Linet MS, Park Y, Pocobelli G, Schatzkin A, Sesso HD, Weiderpass E, Willcox BJ, Wolk A, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A, Willett WC, Thun MJ (2010). “Body-mass index and mortality among 1.46 million white adults”. The New England Journal of Medicine. 363 (23): 2211–19. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1000367. PMC 3066051 . PMID 21121834.
Another useful method is to take a waist measurement because fat in the centre of the body (apple-shaped obesity) is much more strongly linked to health risks than fat more widely distributed on the arms and legs. Women with a waist of 80cm or greater and men with a waist of 94cm or greater are more likely to develop obesity-related health problems.
Reducing calories and practicing healthier eating habits are vital to overcoming obesity. Although you may lose weight quickly at first, slow and steady weight loss over the long term is considered the safest way to lose weight and the best way to keep it off permanently.
Waist circumference is a less-common method used to measure obesity in an individual. This simple measurement indicates obesity and morbid obesity in adults by measuring your waist. To find your waist circumference, wrap a tape measure around the area above your hip bone and below your rib cage.
Don’t hold your breath. Exhale during the effort part of an exercise. Don’t do too many sit-ups as the weight of the chest may impede your breathing. An alternative position the sit-up for the overweight exerciser, is to stand with both hands against the wall and round the back while contracting the abdomen.
Nearly 40 percent of U.S. adults have obesity, and ​​more than 18 percent of children and teens also have obesity. This condition disproportionately affects people from certain racial and ethnic groups and those who are socio-economically disadvantaged.
One of the most serious health risks of obesity is heart disease. In the United States, heart disease is a leading cause of death and disability for adult men and women. Excess weight is directly linked to heart disease: the higher the BMI, the higher the blood pressure, LDL “bad” cholesterol levels, and triglycerides (blood fats). All of these are key risk factors for coronary artery disease (a waxy plaque buildup in the arteries), angina (chest pain caused by decreased oxygen to the heart), heart attack, and congestive heart failure (inadequate heart function).
“They’re going to be expensive if they don’t get their act together,” said Jeff Levi, executive director of the nonprofit Trust for America’s Health. He cites a study that found Medicare paid 34 percent more for an obese senior than one who’s a healthy weight.
Professor Cappuccio explains that sleep deprivation may lead to obesity through increased appetite as a result of hormonal changes. If you do not sleep enough you produce Ghrelin, a hormone that stimulates appetite. Lack of sleep also results in your body producing less Leptin, a hormone that suppresses appetite.
One of the things seniors often struggle most with is flexibility, and it can be tough to know how to improve this. Yoga or Pilates are great ways to safely do this – as long as you find a teacher who understands the needs of older people.
Endurance exercise when combined with a dietary weight loss program increases maximal oxygen consumption (Dick, 2004). Diet in conjunction with resistance and endurance exercises improves peak oxygen consumption as well. Nurses can teach patients with respiratory problems to do diaphragmatic or abdominal breathing to help strengthen respiratory muscles. Breathing exercises, as well as good posture, can help patients to exhale and inhale fully (Lorig et al., 2006). Pursed lip breathing may also be helpful for patients who are short of breath or breathless. Pursed breathing includes pursing the lips as if blowing a whistle; using diaphragmatic breathing out through pursed lips without any force; and remembering to relax the upper chest, arms shoulders, and arms while breathing out. Patients with sleep apnea need to be referred for sleep studies.
Excessive energy storage in the form of fat. This occurs when food intake exceeds the requirements for energy expenditure. Obesity is a hazard to health and longevity and increases the risk of high blood pressure (HYPERTENSION), DIABETES, various cancers, osteoarthritis, foot trouble and depression.
Cancer. Obesity is also linked to higher rates of certain types of cancer (NIH, 2006). Breast cancer in older women is increasingly being linked to obesity (Sweeney, Blair, Anderson, Lazovich, & Folsom, 2004). Twenty-five to 30% of several major cancers, including breast (postmenopausal), colon, kidney, and esophageal, have been linked to obesity and physical inactivity (Vainio & Bianchini, 2002). Men who are obese are more likely to develop cancer of the colon, rectum, or prostate, than men who are not obese. Cancer of the gallbladder, uterus, cervix, or ovaries are more common in women who are obese compared with women who are not obese (NIH, 2006). Management of obesity is needed to decrease the incidence of these cancers.

“obesity and high blood pressure |obesity in georgia”

Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient’s family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
A critically ill person that has to stay in the Intensive Care Unit would burn muscle during the disease process much more than expected regardless of the degree of obesity. This is a very interesting study area for many scientists interested in nutrition. In addition, even if not very severe, any illness resulting in unplanned weight-loss will decrease muscle mass. Therefore, it is important to pay close attention to rehabilitation and proper nutrition during and after an illness, especially in the elderly that already have lesser muscle reserves.
Drug therapy or bariatric surgery may be suggested for older obese patients. However, all benefits and risks should be taken into consideration before opting for surgery. Surprisingly enough, the outcomes, complications, and mortality rates associated with bariatric surgery have been shown to be acceptable for adults age 65 and older.
A chart review of 290 medical records from many centres in the United States that included long-term care residents and home care clients found six factors to be associated with unexplained weight loss.3 These factors included reduced functional ability, taking in 50% or less of the food served in three consecutive days, refusal of 50% or more of food replacement offered over a seven-day period, chewing problems, a serum albumin level less than 35 g/L with normal hydration status and a cholesterol level less than 4.1 mmol/L.
Orlistat is recommended only for people 18 years of age and over in combination with a diet and exercise regimen. People who have difficulties with the absorption of food or who are not overweight should not take orlistat. Overweight is defined by the U.S. National Institutes of Health as having a body mass index (BMI) of 27 or greater.
Restricting certain foods. Certain diets limit the amount of a particular food group, such as high-carbohydrate or full-fat foods. Ask your doctor which diet plans have been found effective and which might be helpful for you. Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages is a sure way to consume more calories than you intended, and limiting these drinks or eliminating them altogether is a good place to start cutting calories.
There may be other reasons to prefer wholesome food to the industrialized version. Often stirred into the vague stew of benefits attributed to wholesome food is the “sustainability” of its production—that is, its long-term impact on the planet. Small farms that don’t rely much on chemicals and heavy industrial equipment may be better for the environment than giant industrial farms—although that argument quickly becomes complicated by a variety of factors. For the purposes of this article, let’s simply stipulate that wholesome foods are environmentally superior. But let’s also agree that when it comes to prioritizing among food-related public-policy goals, we are likely to save and improve many more lives by focusing on cutting obesity—through any available means—than by trying to convert all of industrial agriculture into a vast constellation of small organic farms.
Vagal nerve blockade is another treatment for obesity. It involves implanting a device under the skin of the abdomen that sends intermittent electrical pulses to the abdominal vagus nerve, which tells the brain when the stomach feels empty or full. This new technology received FDA approval in 2014 for use by adults who have not been able to lose weight with a weight-loss program and who have a BMI of 35 to 45 with at least one obesity-related condition, such as type 2 diabetes.
Disclaimer: This content should not be considered complete and should not be used in place of a call or visit to a health professional. Use of this content is subject to specific Terms of Use & Medical Disclaimers.
Even a modest weight loss of 5%-10% of initial weight and the long-term maintenance of that weight loss can bring significant health benefits by lowering blood pressure and lowering the risks of diabetes and heart disease.
© 2018 American City Business Journals. All rights reserved. Use of this Site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement (updated 12/23/13) and Privacy Policy (updated 12/23/13). The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of American City Business Journals.
Editor’s Note: The information in this article is intended for your educational use only; does not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Chopra Center’s Mind-Body Medical Group; and is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition and before undertaking any diet, supplement, fitness, or other health program.
A healthy diet for preventing diabetes includes reducing or avoiding foods that have a high Glycemic Index (GI). The GI is how quickly a carbohydrate in a food is digested and converted into sugar in your Foods with the highest GI include table sugar, flour, rice, and everything made from these nutrients, such as processed bread, pasta, and pastry.
“So we compared the survival of respondents with a normal or overweight BMI to respondents in [various] grades of obesity. Mortality risk increases in a successive manner, with higher BMI conferring a higher mortality risk,” he said. “These results are consistent with existing evidence. So, yes, ‘how’ obese one is certainly matters, in a logically consistent way.”
He is not able to do it because of his too excessive body weight. In his mind he must have acknowledged it. But he does not want it, as he considers it a luxury to be assisted in all things by others and provided food at his bed. So long as this is done to him, he will not try to shake his hand and legs.
Though sometimes downplayed or even ignored by elderly patients, sudden weight loss is a serious cause for concern says Dr. Barry Fabius, medical director of geriatrics at Holy Redeemer Health System in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. “My radar goes up,” says Fabius. “I immediately wonder if I’m dealing with cancer.”
Jump up ^ Mary Jones. “Case Study: Cataplexy and SOREMPs Without Excessive Daytime Sleepiness in Prader Willi Syndrome. Is This the Beginning of Narcolepsy in a Five Year Old?”. European Society of Sleep Technologists. Archived from the original on April 13, 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
A spokesman for PepsiCo said two-thirds of its beverage brands in Chile also qualified as low or sugar-free and that more than 90 percent of its snack offerings were now low in both sodium and saturated fat.
Saxenda was approved in late 2014 as a weight-loss drug in combination with physical activity and diet modifications. It is a once-a-day injection (not a pill) that mimics a hormone related to digestion and appetite control (GLP-1) that is used in the management of type 2 diabetes. It activates areas of the brain involved in appetite regulation.
Too much fat causes inflammation that can damage cells. Obesity is also linked to several types of cancers. It can also make your body respond less well to insulin, which controls your blood sugar. Over time, that can lead to type 2 diabetes.
Reducing the national debt and government fiscal responsibility is a major baby boomer focus. Yet Social Security and Medicare now represent two-thirds of the annual federal budget. Medicare alone equals about 25 percent of all government spending. The “tell like it is” numbers are squarely pointing the finger at the boomer generation as the cause of spiraling government expenditures. Their lifestyle, and its unintended weight-related health consequences, is the greatest threat to our country’s ability to balance its budget and the future prosperity of our children and grandchildren.
You should consult with your physician before initiating any exercise program. Set realistic goals and make sure they are measurable. Involving your family or friends can also help to maintain your physical activity level and reach your goals.
Being an active participant in your care is important. One way to do this is by preparing for your appointment. Think about your needs and goals for treatment. Also, write down a list of questions to ask. These questions may include
Although strength training programs have been shown to reduce body weight significantly (and increase muscle mass), convincing overweight clients to eat properly is even more important in helping them lose fat. Consult a registered dietician and use the information in chapter 10 that discusses food selection and substitutions for heart-healthy eating to help your overweight clients attain a more desirable bodyweight. Also, encourage them to drink lots of water before, during, and after workouts, especially in hot and humid weather or in training areas without ideal air circulation. Suggest that they wear loose clothing to decrease chafing and dress in layers so that they can remove articles to avoid overheating (Flood and Constance 2002).
About 72 percent of Sacramento-area baby boomers were overweight or obese in 2012, compared to 61 percent among the same age group in 2003, the UCLA data show. During that same period, the percentage of younger adults, ages 18 to 47, in the region who were overweight or obese rose just 2 percent, to just more than half the people in that age group.
The initial treatment goal is usually a modest weight loss — 3 to 5 percent of your total weight. That means that if you weigh 200 pounds (91 kg) and are obese by BMI standards, you would need to lose only about 6 to 10 pounds (2.7 to 4.5 kg) for your health to begin to improve. However, the more weight you lose, the greater the benefits.
One of the most serious health risks of obesity is cancer. Overweight women have increased risk of developing cancer of the uterus, gallbladder, cervix, ovary, breast, and colon. Overweight men are at higher risk for developing cancer of the colon, rectum, and prostate. One effective way to reduce the risks of these kinds of cancers is to lose weight through diet, exercise, a medical weight-loss program, or bariatric surgery.
During your appointment, your doctor or other health care provider is likely to ask you a number of questions about your weight, eating, activity, mood and thoughts, and any symptoms you might have. You may be asked such questions as:
The investigators used the Physical Performance Test, a test that evaluates an individual’s ability to perform tasks, such as walking 50 feet, putting on and removing a coat, standing up from a chair, picking up a penny, climbing a flight of stairs and lifting a book.
“We wanted to tease apart the effects of dieting and exercise in older people who are obese,” says principal investigator Dennis T. Villareal, MD, adjunct associate professor of medicine at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. “In older adults, obesity exacerbates declines in physical performance and leads to frailty, impaired quality of life and increases in nursing home admissions. Given the increasing prevalence of obesity even among older people, it is important to find ways to combat the problem and help seniors remain healthier and more independent.”
“Apple” shape. People whose weight is concentrated around their stomachs may be at greater risk of developing heart disease, diabetes, or cancer than people of the same weight who are “pear-shaped” (they carry their weight in their hips and buttocks).
All of the OTC products discussed above are not considered drugs and are therefore not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. As a result, there is little information on their effectiveness or safety. You should discuss any OTC weight loss products you are planning on taking or are taking with a health-care professional.
Also, you might’ve heard about studies that show links to air pollution, viruses, exposure to certain chemicals, or even the bacteria in a person’s gut. But they don’t prove that those things cause obesity.
Physical activity. Many health benefits are associated with physical activity and getting the recommended amount of physical activity needed each week. Physical activity is an important factor in determining whether a person can maintain a healthy body weight, lose excess body weight, or maintain successful weight loss. Before starting any exercise program, ask your doctor about what level of physical activity is right for you. Visit Physical Activity Has Many Health Benefits for more information.

“what is the scope of the obesity epidemic in the us |obesity rate in america in 2016”

24. Yeh SS, Hafner A, Chang CK, et al. Risk factors relating blood markers of inflammation and nutritional status to survival in cachectic geriatric patients in a randomized clinical trial. J Am Geriatr Soc 2004;52:1708–12 [PubMed]
Remember to ask about travel history; feline leukemia virus (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) testing, exposure, and vaccination history; environmental exposures (e.g. second-hand smoke, herbicides); prior anesthesia; and any medications being Many medications can cause gastrointestinal (GI) distress. Common examples are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, chemotherapeutics, fluoroquinolones, amoxicillin, ACE inhibitors (e.g. benazepril, enalapril), and digoxin. Medications (notably doxycycline), improper medication administration, and reflux into the esophagus during anesthesia may cause esophageal stricture.
Phentermine (Fastin, Adipex P) — the other half of fen/phen — suppresses appetite by causing a release of norepinephrine in the body. Phentermine alone is still available for treatment of obesity but only on a short-term basis (a few weeks). The common side effects of phentermine include headache, insomnia, irritability, and nervousness. Fenfluramine (the fen of fen/phen) and dexfenfluramine (Redux) suppress appetite mainly by increasing release of serotonin by the cells. Both fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine were withdrawn from the market in September 1997 because of association of these two medications with pulmonary hypertension (a rare but serious disease of the arteries in the lungs) and association of fen/phen with damage to the heart valves. Since the withdrawal of fenfluramine, some have suggested combining phentermine with fluoxetine (Prozac), a combination that has been referred to as phen/pro. However, no clinical trials have been conducted to confirm the safety and effectiveness of this combination. Therefore, this combination is not an accepted treatment for obesity.
“Weight gain is occurring, but it’s not just because of aging,” says Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko, head of the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. “It’s what we eat, our lifestyle habits, how much screen time we get … all of those kinds of factors are having an impact.”
Martin’s team did find an encouraging trend: Disabilities related to hearing loss declined among people who are middle-aged. While the rock-and-roll music that baby boomers enjoyed might have taken a toll on hearing, improvements in industrial work settings, particularly noise abatement, likely offset it.
Another rough way of estimating the amount of a person’s abdominal fat is by measuring the waist circumference. Men with a waist circumference of 40 inches or greater and women with a waist circumference of 35 inches or greater are considered to have increased health risks related to obesity.
Roberson has tried to lose weight before, but it was hard. “You hit a couple of rough weeks and you kinda slough off.” This time, Roberson says firmly, she will have to come back and answer to Rucker. That accountability, Rucker says will help her lose weight.
This content is provided as a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings through its clearinghouses and education programs to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. Content produced by the NIDDK is carefully reviewed by NIDDK scientists and other experts.
Sleep apnea is a serious breathing condition that is associated with being overweight. Sleep apnea can cause a person to snore heavily and to stop breathing for short periods during sleep. Sleep apnea may cause daytime sleepiness and even heart failure. The risk for sleep apnea increases as body weight increases. Weight loss usually improves sleep apnea.
With her wedding just days away, Wilhelm tried to get to the bottom of her father’s alarming transformation. Because he was diabetic, his primary care physician assumed the weight loss was diabetes-related and treated the problem as such. Wilhelm, worried that the condition might be more serious, tried insisting that her father go to the hospital, but he wouldn’t hear of it.
Performing stretching exercises regularly can help improve flexibility and increase freedom of movement. Every workout should begin and end with proper stretching exercises to help warm up and soothe the muscles. Stretching, along with strength exercises, can also improve balance, which can help reduce the risk of falling, particularly important for elderly individuals.
A type of compression neuropathy (nerve damage) caused by compression and irritation of the median nerve in the wrist. The nerve is compressed within the carpal tunnel, a bony canal in the palm side of the wrist that provides passage for the median nerve to the hand. The irritation of the median nerve is specifically due to pressure from the transverse carpal ligament.
Putting on excess weight is very common for a number of reasons that we’ll explain. But it’s not an inevitable part of the aging process, and it could put your health at risk. If you understand why you tend to gain weight more easily as you get older, you can do something about it. And doing something about it is what this book is all about.
For the past year, President Trump has worked with the Republican Congress to dismantle crucial parts of Obama’s legacy, including affordable health care, progressive taxation, climate-change regulation, oversight of the financial system, and immigration reform. Discussions of Medicare and Medicaid cuts surfacing in recent weeks suggest that an effort to roll back Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society might be next.
If you are at risk for type 2 diabetes, losing weight may help prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. If you have type 2 diabetes, losing weight and becoming more physically active can help you control your blood sugar levels and prevent or delay health problems. Losing weight and exercising more may also allow you to reduce the amount of diabetes medicine you take.
Obesity and Cardiovascular Death. In a meta-analysis of 26 observational studies that included 390,000 men and women, several racial and ethnic groups, and samples from the U.S. and other countries, obesity was significantly associated with death from CAD and cardiovascular disease. Women with BMIs of 30 or higher had a 62 percent greater risk of dying early from CAD and also had a 53 percent higher risk of dying early from any type of cardiovascular disease, compared with women who had BMIs in the normal range (18.5 to 24.9). Men with BMIs of 30 or higher had similarly elevated risks. (11)
Cancers of the colon, breast (after menopause), endometrium (the lining of the uterus), kidney, and esophagus are linked to obesity. Some studies have also reported links between obesity and cancers of the gallbladder, ovaries, and pancreas.
Diet and exercise, as always, remain the best ways to treat obesity. Diets should be loaded with fresh vegetables and fruits to help stop weight gain. Remember, as we age we tend towards less physical activity, which decreases our calorie needs. Seniors should eat portions based on their personal caloric needs, but ensure they maintain appropriate nutritional levels -regardless of portion size. One of the best ways to reduce calories is to eliminate fatty, sugary snacks and replace them with healthy nuts and fruits.Getting regular exercise – even light activities like walking – is important to maintaining a healthy weight and lifestyle.
Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. It is defined as a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2).
Orlistat can be taken up to three times a day, with each fat-containing meal. The drug may be taken during the meal or up to one hour after the meal. If the meal is missed or is very low in fat content, the medications should not be taken.
The aging of the baby boom generation could fuel a 75 percent increase in the number of Americans ages 65 and older requiring nursing home care, to about 2.3 million in 2030 from 1.3 million in 2010, the Population Reference Bureau (PRB) projects in a new report.
Given the adverse consequences of obesity on multiple aspects of health, it makes sense that the condition also shortens survival or increases premature mortality. However, pinning down the contribution of obesity to premature mortality has been fraught with methodological problems and controversy.
Overweight and obesity are linked to more deaths worldwide than underweight. Globally there are more people who are obese than underweight – this occurs in every region except parts of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.
Boomers Will Have More Diabetes And Obesity As They Age : Shots – Health News The seniors of tomorrow will have much higher rates of diabetes and obesity than the seniors of today, according to a data analysis. That means higher medical bills for them — and for taxpayers, too.
Obesity is measured by various means, but the most common methods used are Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist Circumference. There is no perfect method to measuring obesity, however these two indicators are most commonly used by clinicians as a tool to diagnose weight.
In 1997 the WHO formally recognized obesity as a global epidemic.[94] As of 2008 the WHO estimates that at least 500 million adults (greater than 10%) are obese, with higher rates among women than men.[183] The percentage of adults affected in the United States as of 2015-2016 is about 39.6% overall (37.9% of males and 41.1% of females).[184]

“obesity in america compared to europe |exercise obese seniors”

A retrospective chart review of 96 residents in six intermediate care facilities in the United States found an association between anorexia and poor weight status and confusion in 42 residents.8 A prospective six-month study involving 309 residents of an intermediate nursing home in suburban midwestern United States found the primary reasons for weight changes to be acute illness, dementia and changes in the mucous membranes of the mouth and gums.9
Slow and steady changes to your dog’s diet are more likely to result in long-term success. Reducing the amount of food your dog eats per day drastically might slow your dog’s metabolism, making it more difficult to lose weight.
This “uptick in disability is something important to keep an eye on,” because of the impact it may have on America’s families (who provide most of the care for individuals with disabilities) and on public health care programs, Freedman said.
Caring.com is a leading online destination for caregivers seeking information and support as they care for aging parents, spouses, and other loved ones. We offer thousands of original articles, helpful tools, advice from more than 50 leading experts, a community of caregivers, and a comprehensive directory of caregiving services.
Metabolic syndrome – The National Cholesterol Education Program has identified metabolic syndrome as a complex risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome consists of six major components: abdominal obesity, elevated blood cholesterol, elevated blood pressure, insulin resistance with or without glucose intolerance, elevation of certain blood components that indicate inflammation, and elevation of certain clotting factors in the blood. In the US, approximately one-third of overweight or obese persons exhibit metabolic syndrome.
Being overweight or obese isn’t just a cosmetic issue. Both conditions put your health at risk and can contribute a number of diseases, including diabetes and cancer. That risk only increases in individuals who have a family history of health problems, have a sedentary lifestyle, smoke, or have an unhealthy diet.
Type 2 diabetes is among the most serious health risks of obesity. Type 2 diabetes, the most common form, means that a person’s body does not use insulin properly. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes is doubled in overweight or obese people. Left untreated, it can lead to premature death, heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, kidney disease, stroke, and blindness. You can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by losing weight and increasing your physical activity.
Schmitz KH, Neuhouser ML, Agurs-Collins T, et al. Impact of obesity on cancer survivorship and the potential relevance of race and ethnicity. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2013; 105(18):1344-1354.
The UT MIST Center for Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery and UT COMMP specializes in weight-loss surgery and medical weight loss programs. Our board-certified surgeons perform traditional and minimally invasive robotic, laparoscopic, and endoscopic surgery, including gastric bypass, gastric sleeve surgery, LAP-BAND® surgery, duodenal switch, reflux surgery, hernia repair, and more. We see patients at the following UT MIST/UT COMMP locations: Houston, Bayshore, Bellaire, Katy, Missouri City, and Sugar Land, Texas.
Cardiovascular disease. Coronary heart disease is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in older patients who are 65 years and older. It remains a leading cause of mortality in the US with 84% of persons 65 years or older dying from this disease (Hanna & Wenger, 2005).
In the second paper, all CVD risk factors significantly improved in the diet and exercise group (Villareal 2006b). Specific mechanisms were not proposed, but the discussion focused on medical care costs related to metabolic coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors that were ameliorated by the intervention (Table 1). In the third paper (Villareal 2008), bone turnover was measured by type 1 collagen C-terminal telopeptide (CTX), osteocalcin, and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase. There was a marked increase in serum CTX (~100-fold) and osteocalcin (~60-fold) concentrations in response to weight loss indicating that bone resorption and formation, respectively, were stimulated. Moreover, the increases in both CTX and osteocalcin concentrations correlated with decreases in hip bone mineral density (BMD), suggesting that weight-loss induced bone loss was due to increased bone turnover, with greater stimulation of bone resorption than bone formation. However, the clinical significance of the decrease in BMD was not clear as all participants had high baseline BMD Z-scores, and none had evidence of osteoporosis following weight loss. The investigators argued that BMD was not lost in the spine, which implies that the exercises were more effective in preserving BMD at this site. Exact mechanisms for loss of BMD with weight loss are not currently elucidated, but it was suggested that weight loss decreases the mechanical stress on the hip, without negatively impacting the spine or wrist. Weight loss was also associated with a 25% reduction in serum leptin that was highly correlated with decreased hip BMD. No such relationship was found between decreasing estradiol and changes in BMD. Leptin was discussed in the context of its inhibiting action on the expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) ligand levels (Burguera 2001) and osteoblast differentiation (Cornish 2002). Levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), cortisol, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) did not change in response to weight loss, which suggests that these bone-active hormones were not involved with the loss of BMD in the hip. Vitamin D supplementation during the trial did not reach optimal serum concentrations and whether higher dose Vitamin D supplementation could have slowed bone loss, was raised by the investigators. It was also noted that bone quality was not measured and could have been positively impacted by the exercise training intervention.
A slew of start-ups are trying to find ways of producing fresh, local, unprocessed meals quickly and at lower cost. But could this food eventually be sold as cheaply, conveniently, and ubiquitously as today’s junky fast food? Not even according to Bittman, who explored the question in a recent New York Times Magazine article. Even if wholesome food caught on with the public at large, including the obese population, and even if poor and working-class people were willing to pay a premium for it, how long would it take to scale up from a handful of shops to the tens of thousands required to begin making a dent in the obesity crisis? How long would it take to create the thousands of local farms we’d need in order to provide these shops with fresh, unprocessed ingredients, even in cities?
The World Health Organization (2005) has noted that life-threatening illnesses related to obesity include cardiovascular disease; conditions associated with insulin resistance, such as type 2 diabetes; certain types of cancers, especially hormonally related and large-bowel cancer; and gallbladder disease. The next few sections will discuss these illnesses.

“obesity definition in malayalam _obesity codes”

An early hint that gut microbes might play a role in obesity came from studies comparing intestinal bacteria in obese and lean individuals. In studies of twins who were both lean or both obese, researchers found that the gut community in lean people was like a rain forest brimming with many species but that the community in obese people was less diverse—more like a nutrient-overloaded pond where relatively few species dominate. Lean individuals, for example, tended to have a wider variety of Bacteroidetes, a large tribe of microbes that specialize in breaking down bulky plant starches and fibers into shorter molecules that the body can use as a source of energy.
• Functional. Decreased daily living skills and poverty negatively impact shopping and cooking. Poorly fitting, or lack of, dentures makes eating difficult. Caregiver neglect is another factor; the quality of the relationship between the person being fed and the feeder is a predictor of food intake.4 Loneliness and social isolation also are linked to decreased food intake.
Manson JE, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Rosner B, Monson RR, Speizer FE, Hennekens CH.; “A prospective study of obesity and risk of coronary heart disease in women.” N Engl J Med. 1990 Mar 29;322(13):882-9.
Use our Daily Food and Activity Diary or the United States Department of Agriculture’s online SuperTracker to record your daily food intake and physical activity. You, your doctor, or health care provider can use this diary to monitor your progress.
Beers, Mark H., MD, and Robert Berkow, MD, editors. “Nutritional Disorders: Obesity.” Section 1, Chapter 5. In The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories, 2004.
This is a combination drug of naltrexone (an opioid antagonist) and bupropion HCL (an antidepressant medication that is an inhibitor of the reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine). The main side effects observed with this medication are nausea, constipation, and headaches. The medication is contraindicated in patients with uncontrolled hypertension or a history of seizures.
A general physical exam. This includes also measuring your height; checking vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure and temperature; listening to your heart and lungs; and examining your abdomen.
During the Renaissance some of the upper class began flaunting their large size, as can be seen in portraits of Henry VIII of England and Alessandro dal Borro.[15] Rubens (1577–1640) regularly depicted full-bodied women in his pictures, from which derives the term Rubenesque. These women, however, still maintained the “hourglass” shape with its relationship to fertility.[199] During the 19th century, views on obesity changed in the Western world. After centuries of obesity being synonymous with wealth and social status, slimness began to be seen as the desirable standard.[15]
3. Work with an expert in your area to help you find care. A Place for Mom offers free expert Senior Living Advisors. These Advisors are compassionate and can answer a wide range of questions about elder care for your unique situation. They can help be your personal guide through this challenging time.
Even if there’s nothing wrong with your health it’s quite common for older people to lose their appetite. You may be underweight simply because you’re not eating enough and your diet doesn’t give you sufficient energy or calories.
Adapted with permission from The clinical and cost-effectiveness of medical nutrition therapies: evidence and estimates of potential medical savings from the use of selected nutritional intervention. June 1996. Summary report prepared for the Nutrition Screening Initiative, a project of the American Academy of Family Physicians, the American Dietetic Association, and the National Council on Aging, Inc.
Acupressure and acupuncture can also suppress food cravings. Visualization and meditation can create and reinforce a positive self-image that enhances the patient’s determination to lose weight. By improving physical strength, mental concentration, and emotional serenity, yoga can provide the same benefits. Also, patients who play soft, slow music during meals often that they eat less food but enjoy it more.
In Sacramento, 56 percent of obese baby boomers have high blood pressure, the UCLA figures show, compared with 23 percent of boomers with a normal body weight. More than one-fifth of obese baby boomers in the region have diabetes. Forty percent suffer from arthritis: Not surprisingly, the number of boomers using assistive devices, such as canes and walkers, is on the rise, as well. Almost 20 percent of obese boomers can’t work due to disability.
Collaborative Group on Epidemiological Studies of Ovarian Cancer. Ovarian cancer and body size: individual participant meta-analysis including 25,157 women with ovarian cancer from 47 epidemiological studies. PLoS Medicine 2012; 9(4):e1001200.
Obesity in older adults is ubiquitous in many developed countries and is related to various negative health outcomes, making it an important public health target for intervention. However, treatment approaches for obesity in older adults remain controversial due to concerns surrounding the difficulty of behavior change with advancing age, exacerbating the age-related loss of skeletal muscle and bone, and the feasibility of long-term weight maintenance and related health consequences. This review serves to systematically examine the evidence regarding weight loss interventions with a focus on obese (body mass index 30 kg/m2 and above) older adults (aged 65 years and older) and some proposed mechanisms associated with exercise and caloric restriction (lifestyle intervention). Our findings indicate that healthy weight loss in this age group can be achieved through lifestyle interventions of up to a one-year period. Most interventions reviewed reported a loss of lean body mass and bone mineral density with weight loss. Paradoxically muscle quality and physical function improved. Inflammatory molecules and metabolic markers also improved, although the independent and additive effects of exercise and weight loss on these pathways are poorly understood. Using our review inclusion criteria, only one small pilot study investigating long-term weight maintenance and associated health implications was found in the literature. Future research on lifestyle interventions for obese older adults should address the loss of bone and lean body mass, inflammatory mechanisms, and include sufficient follow up to assess long-term weight maintenance and health outcomes.
Regular exercise. To effectively lose weight, most people need to do moderate intensity exercise for 60 minutes most days of the week. Add more activity during the day. Take the stairs and get up often from your desk or sofa.
Hypothyroidism. People with this condition have low levels of thyroid hormones . These low levels are associated with decreased metabolism  and weight gain, even when food intake is reduced. People with hypothyroidism also produce less body heat, have a lower body temperature, and do not efficiently use stored fat for energy.
Oral nutritional supplements can be quite beneficial in preventing or reversing weight loss among elderly adults. Beverages such as Ensure are high in calories and nutrients, and are very convenient for seniors who have a limited ability to prepare nutritious meals. Seniors may need assistance from caregivers or family members to consistently supplement their nutrition so as to achieve maximum benefit.
“It used to be thought that older patients don’t respond to treatment for obesity as well as younger patients,” Kahan says. “People assume that they couldn’t exercise as much or for whatever reason they couldn’t stick to diets as well. But we’ve disproven that.”
Keeping a record. Keep a food and activity log. This record can help you remain accountable for your eating and exercise habits. You can discover behavior that may be holding you back and, conversely, what works well for you. You can also use your log to track other important health parameters such as blood pressure and cholesterol levels and overall fitness.
“We wanted to tease apart the effects of dieting and exercise in older people who are obese,” says principal investigator Dennis T. Villareal, MD, adjunct associate professor of medicine at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. “In older adults, obesity exacerbates declines in physical performance and leads to frailty, impaired quality of life and increases in nursing home admissions. Given the increasing prevalence of obesity even among older people, it is important to find ways to combat the problem and help seniors remain healthier and more independent.”

“obesity statistics tennessee _obesity statistics kentucky”

baby boomers ap-lifegoesstrong.com poll obesity post-war boomer generation ap-lifegoesstrong.com poll medicare diabetes heart disease high blood pressure knowledge networks of menlo park calif. cbn news news cbnnews newsblock newsblockclip
The good news is that losing a small amount of weight can reduce your chances of developing heart disease or a stroke. Losing 5%-10% of your weight is proven to lower your chance of developing heart disease.
Fabius encourages friends and family members to step in and help a loved one who is reluctant to seek medical assistance. He emphasizes that this should be done in a “compassionate manner, so they know you are trying to give them the best advice possible. That connectedness is vital.”
Jump up ^ Salmon J, Timperio A (2007). “Prevalence, trends and environmental influences on child and youth physical activity”. Med Sport Sci (Review). Medicine and Sport Science. 50: 183–99. doi:10.1159/000101391. ISBN 978-3-318-01396-2. PMID 17387258.
^ Jump up to: a b Allison DB, Fontaine KR, Manson JE, Stevens J, VanItallie TB (October 1999). “Annual deaths attributable to obesity in the United States”. JAMA. 282 (16): 1530–38. doi:10.1001/jama.282.16.1530. PMID 10546692.
a condition in which body fat stores are enlarged to an extent which impairs health. Develops when food intake is in excess of energy requirements. The most common nutritional disorder worldwide, and the incidence is increasing. Defined in terms of body mass index and circumference at the waist. See also body composition, body weight, waist-to-hip ratio.
The table below has already done the math and metric conversions. To use the table, find the appropriate height in the left-hand column. Move across the row to the given weight. The number at the top of the column is the BMI for that height and weight.
This content is provided as a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings through its clearinghouses and education programs to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. Content produced by the NIDDK is carefully reviewed by NIDDK scientists and other experts.
Obesity mimics the lab findings of type-2 diabetes—e.g., insulin resistance; increased glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides; decreased HDL (cholesterol) and norepinephrine; and depression of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.
Jump up ^ Walley, Andrew J.; Asher, Julian E.; Froguel, Philippe (July 2009). “The genetic contribution to non-syndromic human obesity”. Nat. Rev. Genet. (Review). 10 (7): 431–42. PMID 19506576. However, it is also clear that genetics greatly influences this situation, giving individuals in the same ‘obesogenic’ environment significantly different risks of becoming obese.
The three-decade, nationwide rise in obesity has resulted in $150 billion a year in obesity-related health care costs, according to the CDC, and researchers say that figure is projected to more than double to $344 billion before the end of the decade.
A measure called the body mass index (BMI) is used to assess your weight relative to your height. It is defined as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared (kg/m2). It can also be calculated for weight in pounds and height in inches.
The interaction between diet and gut bacteria can predispose us to obesity from the day we are born, as can the mode by which we enter the world. Studies have shown that both formula-fed babies and infants delivered by cesarean section have a higher risk for obesity and diabetes than those who are breast-fed or delivered vaginally. Working together, Rob Knight of the University of Colorado Boulder and Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello of N.Y.U. have found that as newborns traverse the birth canal, they swallow bacteria that will later help them digest milk. C-section babies skip this bacterial baptism. Babies raised on formula face a different disadvantage: they do not get substances in breast milk that nurture beneficial bacteria and limit colonization by harmful ones. According to a recent Canadian study, babies drinking formula have bacteria in their gut that are not seen in breast-fed babies until solid foods are introduced. Their presence before the gut and immune system are mature, says Dominguez-Bello, may be one reason these babies are more susceptible to allergies, asthma, eczema and celiac disease, as well as obesity.
Weight-loss medication choices are more limited in older adults. This shortens the list of available medications for weight-loss. Side effects, existing medical conditions and interactions with other medications are the major barriers in prescribing weight-loss medications in the elderly. Bariatric surgery is being increasingly considered in older adults as well. The existing medical problems, surgical risk and benefits from the surgery need to be closely analyzed by the medical team and discussed with the patient to ensure an optimal decision and a satisfactory outcome.
23. The clinical and cost-effectiveness of medical nutrition therapies: evidence and estimates of potential medical savings from the use of selected nutritional intervention. June 1996. Summary report prepared for the Nutrition Screening Initiative.

“obesity bmi percentile +obesity help keene nh”

Involuntary weight loss is a predictor of mortality. Studies report that 9% to 38% of people die within 1 to 2½ years following weight loss.1,2 Increased hospitalizations, in-hospital complications, increased risk for institutionalization, increased comorbidities, delayed recovery from injury, delayed wound healing, increased falls, decreased functional abilities, and an overall poorer quality of life are consequences of involuntary weight loss.2,3,8 Mortality is 4 times higher for those with a 5% weight loss within 1 month.6
A report by the Census Bureau cites a decline in smoking and alcohol intake among Americans 65 and older. However, data indicate 72% of older men and 67% of older women are overweight or obese, putting them at increased odds of conditions such as diabetes and arthritis. Time.com (r.smartbrief.com) (7/1)
n a type of obesity characterized by the enlarged size of fat cells within the body. An increased distribution of weight in the waist region is a typical indicator of this type of obesity. It is associated with an increased risk of hypertension, diabetes, and other metabolic disorders.
Apple-shaped people whose fat is concentrated mostly in the abdomen are more likely to develop many of the health problems associated with obesity. They are at increased health risk because of their fat distribution. While obesity of any kind is a health risk, it is better to be a pear than an apple.
Just wanted to post a heartfelt thanks to Doug for this fantastic site and all the work he does for seniors! Seriously overweight but otherwise healthy at 75, I ordered the DVD set and began on September 1, 2016. I started counting calories while eating healthy, and use the DVDs (rotating them) and my exercise bike almost every day. I have lost twenty pounds and many inches, but this has also beneficially affected my sleep, my digestion, and my relationships. Yes, I get sore, but follow his suggestions about that; I look on my soreness as a badge of honor when it happens! I feel so much stronger, so much more flexible, and so proud of myself that the weight loss is just an added bonus, not the primary goal anymore. Doug is a wonderful person and deserves our thanks!
We went into a KFC and found ourselves traversing a maze of signage that put us face-to-face with garish images of various fried foods that presumably had some chicken somewhere deep inside them. “The more they want you to buy something, the bigger they make the image on the menu board,” Lesser explained. Here, what loomed largest was the $19.98 fried-chicken-and-corn family meal, which included biscuits and cake. A few days later, I noticed that McDonald’s places large placards showcasing desserts on the trash bins, apparently calculating that the best time to entice diners with sweets is when think they’ve finished their meals.
Jump up ^ Smith E, Hay P, Campbell L, Trollor JN (2011). “A review of the association between obesity and cognitive function across the lifespan: implications for novel approaches to prevention and treatment”. Obesity Reviews (Review). 12 (9): 740–55. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2011.00920.x. PMID 21991597.
Jump up ^ Diercks DB, Roe MT, Mulgund J, Pollack CV, Kirk JD, Gibler WB, Ohman EM, Smith SC, Boden WE, Peterson ED (July 2006). “The obesity paradox in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: Results from the Can Rapid risk stratification of Unstable angina patients Suppress ADverse outcomes with Early implementation of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guidelines Quality Improvement Initiative”. Am Heart J (Research Support). 152 (1): 140–48. doi:10.1016/j.ahj.2005.09.024. PMID 16824844.
Reexamination of the impact of obesity on health in older individuals disclosed two potential benefits of weight excess: decreased osteoporosis and better survival of obese subjects with certain health hazards, known as the “obesity paradox.” Obesity, linked to increased bone mineral density, is thus far uncontested, as is the fact that this also translates into a lower rate of hip fractures in elderly obese subjects (10). The latter may reflect not only greater bone resilience, but also improved cushioning by adipose tissue during falls. An important emerging exception to this general protective effect of obesity on bone is the recent finding that although men and women with the metabolic syndrome do indeed enjoy better total hip and femoral neck bone mineral density in a cross-sectional analysis, these associations do not translate to improved clinical outcome. In fact, incident clinical fractures were 2.6 times more likely to occur in subjects with the metabolic syndrome compared with participants without the metabolic syndrome after an average follow-up of 2 years (11).
“It used to be thought that older patients don’t respond to treatment for obesity as well as younger patients,” Kahan says. “People assume that they couldn’t exercise as much or for whatever reason they couldn’t stick to diets as well. But we’ve disproven that.”
White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity. Solving the Problem of Childhood Obesity Within a Generation. White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity Report to the President. Washington, DC: White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity; 2010.
Shah K, Stufflebam A, Hilton TN, Sinacore DR, Klein S, Villareal DT. Diet and exercise interventions reduce intrahepatic fat content and improve insulin sensitivity in obese older adults. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2009;17:2162–2168. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
Protein Diets: Diets which are high in protein are likely to be detrimental to your health. They persuade your body to go into a state of ketosis which is akin to starvation. This can place a huge strain on your kidneys, liver and even your brain.
Fruits are a delicious source of natural sugars, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and fiber. Keeping fruit on hand as a go to snack and dessert is a healthy and low calorie way to satisfy a sweet tooth. Be sure to ask your doctor about which fruits may interact with any medication.
Avoiding weight gain may prevent a rise in cancer risk. Healthy eating and physical activity habits may lower cancer risk. Weight loss may also lower your risk, although studies have been inconclusive.
Qsymia is the newest medication approved for weight loss. It is a combination of phentermine and extended-release topiramate. As with the other medications, it is only approved for patients who are obese (BMI >30) or overweight (BMQ >27) with one weight-related health issue. According to the FDA data, a statistically significant greater proportion of the patients taking Qsymia achieved 5% and 10% weight loss. All patients in the study were also encouraged to eat a well-balanced, reduced-calorie diet.
Although there appears to be a consensus on the negative effects of fructose-sweetened beverages there is still some debate over the effects of fructose versus high fructose corn syrup – two studies of note are:
Five medications have evidence for long-term use orlistat, lorcaserin, liraglutide, phentermine–topiramate, and naltrexone–bupropion.[173] They result in weight loss after one year ranged from 3.0 to 6.7 kg over placebo.[173] Orlistat, liraglutide, and naltrexone–bupropion are available in both the United States and Europe, whereas lorcaserin and phentermine–topiramate are available only in the United States.[174] European regulatory authorities rejected the latter two drugs in part because of associations of heart valve problems with lorcaserin and more general heart and blood vessel problems with phentermine–topiramate.[174] Orlistat use is associated with high rates of gastrointestinal side effects[175] and concerns have been raised about negative effects on the kidneys.[176] There is no information on how these drugs affect longer-term complications of obesity such as cardiovascular disease or death.[5]
Medication adverse effects (Table 21,17,18) are common but often overlooked causative factors.17 Polypharmacy has been shown to interfere with taste and can cause anorexia.19 In addition, a variety of social factors are associated with unintentional weight loss and include poverty, alcoholism, isolation, financial constraints, and other barriers to obtaining food (e.g., impairment in activities of daily living, lack of assistance in grocery shopping or preparing meals).1 In 16% to 28% of patients, no readily identifiable cause for unintentional weight loss is determined.11–16
In the United States the number of children a person has is related to their risk of obesity. A woman’s risk increases by 7% per child, while a man’s risk increases by 4% per child.[141] This could be partly explained by the fact that having dependent children decreases physical activity in Western parents.[142]
Certain medications. Some medications can lead to weight gain if you don’t compensate through diet or activity. These medications include some antidepressants, anti-seizure medications, diabetes medications, antipsychotic medications, steroids and beta blockers.
Genetics. A person is more likely to develop obesity if one or both parents are obese. Genetics also affect hormones involved in fat regulation. For example, one genetic cause of obesity is leptin deficiency. Leptin is a hormone produced in fat cells and also in the placenta. Leptin controls weight by signaling the brain to eat less when body fat stores are too high. If, for some reason, the body cannot produce enough leptin or leptin cannot signal the brain to eat less, this control is lost, and obesity occurs. The role of leptin replacement as a treatment for obesity is currently being explored.
Kitahara CM, Flint AJ, Berrington de Gonzalez A, et al. Association between class III obesity (BMI of 40-59 kg/m2) and mortality: a pooled analysis of 20 prospective studies. PLoS Medicine 2014; 11(7):e1001673.
The first step in addressing unintentional weight loss in seniors is to identify the underlying cause and provide appropriate treatment. If malnutrition is to blame, providing reliable access to good nutrition is crucial. In many cases, the underlying cause cannot be corrected, so treatment is limited to nutritional intervention.
Depending on the breed, when your dog is seven years or older, he may be considered a senior. With old age comes a variety of issues that can have negative effects on your dog’s health. Unplanned weight gain in senior dogs is one of the more common issues, and as your old dog becomes more overweight, this can lead to a large number of other related health problems.
“Apple” shape. People whose weight is concentrated around their stomachs may be at greater risk of developing heart disease, diabetes, or cancer than people of the same weight who are “pear-shaped” (they carry their weight in their hips and buttocks).
Most text on the National Cancer Institute website may be reproduced or reused freely. The National Cancer Institute should be credited as the source and a link to this page included, e.g., “Obesity and Cancer was originally published by the National Cancer Institute.”
I am 61 years old female. Gym with light weight reps. Watch my intake. Post menopause with complete hysterectomy. 5 ft 2 inches with 200 lb weight. All labs are normal. Taking only daily vitamins. Continue to gain weight. Doctor consulted with continue with light weights and cardio.
Physical activity and exercise help burn calories. The amount of calories burned depends on the type, duration, and intensity of the activity. It also depends on the weight of the person. A 200-pound person will burn more calories running 1 mile than a 120-pound person, because the work of carrying those extra 80 pounds must be factored in. But exercise as a treatment for obesity is most effective when combined with a diet and weight-loss program. Exercise alone without dietary changes will have a limited effect on weight because one has to exercise a lot to simply lose 1 pound. However regular exercise is an important part of a healthy lifestyle to maintain a healthy weight for the long term. Another advantage of regular exercise as part of a weight-loss program is a greater loss of body fat versus lean muscle compared to those who diet alone.
Family lifestyle. Obesity tends to run in families. If one or both of your parents are obese, your risk of being obese is increased. That’s not just because of genetics. Family members tend to share similar eating and activity habits.
In summary, initial treatment for unexplained weight loss should be targeted at addressing identified risk factors, although evidence of benefit is limited. Medications that are not clearly required and that may be contributing to the weight loss should be discontinued or appropriate alternatives considered. The role for specific nutritional interventions targeted at increasing caloric intake and improving weight is unclear. There is also minimal evidence to support use of pharmacologic agents. Megestrol acetate may be effective for older adults living in care facilities when used in conjunction with feeding assistance, but further study is required.
When working with obese clients, be sure that the equipment can accommodate their weight. Most manufacturers provide a weight limit in the product manual; if they do not, contact them to ascertain the weight limit for each piece of equipment that heavier clients will use. Free-weight exercises that require lifting dumbbells instead barbells from the floor to start an exercise may be easier. The width of the free-weight bar may also be too narrow to allow proper performance of exercises such as the biceps curl and back squat, indicating the need to use an Olympic-size bar, which is longer. Additional consideration should be given to selecting machine equipment that will be easy for overweight clients to get into and out of, and to avoiding some floor exercises (e.g., crunches, modified push-ups, stretching) that require clients to get down and up. If arthritis or joint pain is present, consider alternating the strength training exercises with lower-impact activities such as elliptical machines and stationary cycling activities or swimming. Regardless of the equipment used or the exercises being performed, programs for overweight and obese clients should include exercises that can be performed correctly and that clients feel more comfortable performing.

“obesity in children cdc |rapid weight loss for women over 40”

People who are overweight or obese often have health problems that may increase the risk for heart disease. These health problems include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and high blood sugar. In addition, excess weight may cause changes to your heart that make it work harder to send blood to all the cells in your body.
In the USA, the consumption of calories increased from 1,542 per day for women in 1971 to 1,877 per day in 2004. The figures for men were 2,450 in 1971 and 2,618 in 2004. Most people would expect this increase in calories to consist of fat – not so! Most of the increased food consumption has consisted of carbohydrates (sugars). Increased consumption of sweetened drinks has contributed significantly to the raised carbohydrate intake of most young American adults over the last three decades. The consumption of fast-foods has tripled over the same period.
Schmitz KH, Neuhouser ML, Agurs-Collins T, et al. Impact of obesity on cancer survivorship and the potential relevance of race and ethnicity. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2013; 105(18):1344-1354.
A retrospective chart review in a 718-bed long-term care facility in the eastern United States, where 41 residents (24 women with a mean age of 80 years) had recently lost weight found that more than 75% of them had been prescribed a medication that could potentially contribute to weight loss (Box 2).2 However, when reviewing possible causes of weight loss, no physicians changed medications in an attempt to reverse this problem. Instead, many ordered additional medications to help stimulate appetite.
Fabius encourages friends and family members to step in and help a loved one who is reluctant to seek medical assistance. He emphasizes that this should be done in a “compassionate manner, so they know you are trying to give them the best advice possible. That connectedness is vital.”
Jump up ^ Global Burden of Metabolic Risk Factors for Chronic Diseases Collaboration (BMI Mediated, Effects); Lu, Y; Hajifathalian, K; Ezzati, M; Woodward, M; Rimm, EB; Danaei, G (15 March 2014). “Metabolic mediators of the effects of body-mass index, overweight, and obesity on coronary heart disease and stroke: a pooled analysis of 97 prospective cohorts with 1·8 million participants”. Lancet. 383 (9921): 970–83. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61836-X. PMC 3959199 . PMID 24269108.
This is the perfect total body exercise for seniors, obese, plus size, and those with limited mobility. You may perform this exercise routine standing or sitting down. Choose the appropriate resistance for you ranging from a pair of light dumbbells to just a couple of water bottles.
A rigorous inclusion criterion as described above was employed. Only randomized controlled trials with a minimum weight loss intervention of three months, and body composition measured by DXA, MRI, CT, or hydrostatic weighing were included. Studies which targeted specific chronic diseases or conditions (e.g. diabetes mellitus, osteoarthritis), were excluded.
Jump up ^ Beydoun MA, Beydoun HA, Wang Y (May 2008). “Obesity and central obesity as risk factors for incident dementia and its subtypes: A systematic review and meta-analysis”. Obes Rev (Meta-analysis). 9 (3): 204–18. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00473.x. PMC 4887143 . PMID 18331422.
Cardiovascular disease, thromboembolism, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, cholorectal cancer, abnormal GI transit, poor wound healing, atelectasis, hepatic steatosis and fibrosis, increased risk of vision loss. 
It is difficult to directly measure body fat. Body mass index (BMI) is a popular method of defining a healthy weight. BMI should be used as a guide, along with waist size, to help estimate the amount of body fat.
Cutting calories. The key to weight loss is reducing how many calories you take in. You and your health care providers can review your typical eating and drinking habits to see how many calories you normally consume and where you can cut back. You and your doctor can decide how many calories you need to take in each day to lose weight, but a typical amount is 1,200 to 1,500 calories for women and 1,500 to 1,800 for men.
Adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2004, the “WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health” describes the actions needed to support healthy diets and regular physical activity. The Strategy calls upon all stakeholders to take action at global, regional and local levels to improve diets and physical activity patterns at the population level.
The interaction between diet and gut bacteria can predispose us to obesity from the day we are born, as can the mode by which we enter the world. Studies have shown that both formula-fed babies and infants delivered by cesarean section have a higher risk for obesity and diabetes than those who are breast-fed or delivered vaginally. Working together, Rob Knight of the University of Colorado Boulder and Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello of N.Y.U. have found that as newborns traverse the birth canal, they swallow bacteria that will later help them digest milk. C-section babies skip this bacterial baptism. Babies raised on formula face a different disadvantage: they do not get substances in breast milk that nurture beneficial bacteria and limit colonization by harmful ones. According to a recent Canadian study, babies drinking formula have bacteria in their gut that are not seen in breast-fed babies until solid foods are introduced. Their presence before the gut and immune system are mature, says Dominguez-Bello, may be one reason these babies are more susceptible to allergies, asthma, eczema and celiac disease, as well as obesity.
Psychological conditions that contribute to weight loss must be addressed promptly, as they can result in rapid loss of body mass if left untreated. Counselling, therapy and perhaps medication may be required to mitigate the effects of the mental condition.
(A few words on salt: Yes, it’s unhealthy in large amounts, raising blood pressure in many people; and yes, it makes food more appealing. But salt is not obesogenic—it has no calories, and doesn’t specifically increase the desire to consume high-calorie foods. It can just as easily be enlisted to add to the appeal of vegetables. Lumping it in with fat and sugar as an addictive junk-food ingredient is a confused proposition. But let’s agree we want to cut down on it.)
Most of the evidence about obesity in cancer survivors comes from people who were diagnosed with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer. Research indicates that obesity may worsen several aspects of cancer survivorship, including quality of life, cancer recurrence, cancer progression, and prognosis (survival) (37, 38).
Lead researcher, Racher Batterham, explained that people who carry the FTO gene variant tend to eat too much, prefer high-energy, fatty foods, and are usually obese. They also appear to take much longer to reach satiety (feeling of being full).
Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children.[1][13] In 2015, 600 million adults (12%) and 100 million children were obese.[7] Obesity is more common in women than men.[1] Authorities view it as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century.[14] Obesity is stigmatized in much of the modern world (particularly in the Western world), though it was seen as a symbol of wealth and fertility at other times in history and still is in some parts of the world.[2][15] In 2013, the American Medical Association classified obesity as a disease.[16][17]
The National Blueprint is available online in a printer-friendly version at . It is an excellent resource for clinical practice as well as for generating ideas and plans for community service opportunities (Flood & Newman, 2007).
Gordon theorizes that the gut community in obese mice has certain “job vacancies” for microbes that perform key roles in maintaining a healthy body weight and normal metabolism. His studies, as well as those by other researchers, offer enticing clues about what those roles might be. Compared with the thin mice, for example, Gordon’s fat mice had higher levels in their blood and muscles of substances known as branched-chain amino acids and acylcarnitines. Both these chemicals are typically elevated in people with obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Obesity experts suggest that a key to preventing excess weight gain is monitoring fat consumption rather than counting calories, and the National Cholesterol Education Program maintains that only 30% of calories should be derived from fat. Only one-third of those calories should be contained in saturated fats (the kind of fat found in high concentrations in meat, poultry, and dairy products). Because most people eat more than they think they do, a detailed food diary is a useful way to assess eating habits. Eating three balanced, moderate-portion meals a day—with the main meal at mid-day—is a more effective way to prevent obesity than fasting or crash diets. Exercise increases the metabolic rate by creating muscle, which burns more calories than fat. When regular exercise is combined with regular, healthful meals, calories continue to burn at an accelerated rate for several hours. Finally, encouraging healthful habits in children is a key to preventing childhood obesity and the health problems that follow in adulthood.
Dogs are not only a source of loving companionship, they are also the key to getting daily exercise. Dogs need to be walked at least a few times a day, and also love to play outside. Just by taking good care of your dog, you will be more active, which can help trim off those extra pounds.
The overall goal for older adults who are obese is to help them make permanent lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications, increased exercise, and implementation of community supports. However, the older adult population presents with unique challenges that may prevent them from being able participate in certain physical activities preventing them from being able to lose weight.