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Obesity is defined as excess adipose tissue. There are several different methods for determining excess adipose (fat) tissue; the most common being the Body Mass Index (BMI) (see below). A fat cell is an endocrine cell and adipose tissue is an endocrine organ. As such, adipose tissue secretes a number of products, including metabolites, cytokines, lipids, and coagulation factors among others. Significantly, excess adiposity or obesity causes increased levels of circulating fatty acids and inflammation. This can lead to insulin resistance, which in turn can lead to type 2 diabetes.
The physical performance test entailed such tasks as picking up a penny, walking 50 feet, standing up from a chair, lifting a book, climbing a flight of stairs and donning and removing a coat, the magazine report noted.
Most of the data about whether avoiding weight gain or losing weight reduces cancer risk comes from cohort and case-control studies. As with observational studies of obesity and cancer risk, these studies can be difficult to interpret because people who lose weight or avoid weight gain may differ in other ways from people who do not.
Cancer. Obesity is also linked to higher rates of certain types of cancer (NIH, 2006). Breast cancer in older women is increasingly being linked to obesity (Sweeney, Blair, Anderson, Lazovich, & Folsom, 2004). Twenty-five to 30% of several major cancers, including breast (postmenopausal), colon, kidney, and esophageal, have been linked to obesity and physical inactivity (Vainio & Bianchini, 2002). Men who are obese are more likely to develop cancer of the colon, rectum, or prostate, than men who are not obese. Cancer of the gallbladder, uterus, cervix, or ovaries are more common in women who are obese compared with women who are not obese (NIH, 2006). Management of obesity is needed to decrease the incidence of these cancers.
Since 2007, diabetes treatment programs have remained largely unchanged while the rates of two main risk factors — obesity and age — have risen. As America’s population grows, similarly, rates of diabetes will rise. On top of America’s increasing population, the percentage of Americans who are age sixty-five and older is climbing, as the baby boomer generation enters their later years.
Medical problems. In some people, obesity can be traced to a medical cause, such as Prader-Willi syndrome, Cushing’s syndrome and other conditions. Medical problems, such as arthritis, also can lead to decreased activity, which may result in weight gain.
Sexual function may also be affected by obesity. Data from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study, (26) the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), (27) and the Massachusetts Male Aging Study (28) indicate that the odds of developing erectile dysfunction increase with increasing BMI. Of note, weight loss appears to be mildly helpful in maintaining erectile function. (29) The effect of obesity on female sexual function is less clear. In a recent French study, obese women were less likely than normal-weight women to report having had a sexual partner in the preceding 12 months, but the prevalence of sexual dysfunction was similar in both groups. (30) In a smaller survey of 118 women, Esposito and colleagues found that obese women had lower scores on the Female Sexual Function Index, with strong correlations between increasing BMI and problems with arousal, lubrication, orgasm, and satisfaction. (31)
A significant limitation of all weight-for-height tables is that they do not distinguish between excess fat and muscle. A very muscular person may be classified as obese, according to the tables, when he or she in fact is not.
Jump up ^ Moyer VA (4 September 2012). “Screening for and management of obesity in adults: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement”. Annals of Internal Medicine (Practice Guideline). 157 (5): 373–78. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-157-5-201209040-00475. PMID 22733087.
Medications. Medications associated with weight gain include certain antidepressants (medications used in treating depression), anticonvulsants (medications used in controlling seizures such as carbamazepine [Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol] and valproate [Depacon, Depakene]), some diabetes medications (medications used in lowering blood sugar such as insulin, sulfonylureas, and thiazolidinediones), certain hormones such as oral contraceptives, and most corticosteroids such as prednisone. Weight gain may also be seen with some high blood pressure medications and antihistamines. The reason for the weight gain with the medications differs for each medication. If this is a concern for you, you should discuss your medications with your physician rather than discontinuing the medication, as this could have serious effects.

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Weight loss through calorie reduction or exercise is generally good for most people as an intervention in obesity, although the appropriateness of these methods has historically been a matter of controversy in older adults who are overweight.
44. Bacon CG, Mittleman MA, Kawachi I, Giovannucci E, Glasser DB, Rimm EB: Sexual function in men older than 50 years of age: results from the health professionals follow-up study. Ann Intern Med 2003; 139: 161– 168 [PubMed]
Nutrition experts say the measures are the world’s most ambitious attempt to remake a country’s food culture, and could be a model for how to turn the tide on a global obesity epidemic that researchers say contributes to four million premature deaths a year.
“This comparison paints a very poor picture of Generation X. It gives rise to major concerns for the future health of Gen X and Australia’s ability to cope with that burden,” says Pilkington, who is conducting her research in the University’s Population Research & Outcome Studies group, School of Medicine.
“I’m elated and horrified at the same time,” said Jim Walsh, a senior research associate at the MIT Security Studies Program and a board member of the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. “Elated because the parties are talking; horrified by the prospect of the two most unusual leaders in the world together in a room—what could possibly go wrong?”
Pollan’s worldview saturates the public conversation on healthy eating. You hear much the same from many scientists, physicians, food activists, nutritionists, celebrity chefs, and pundits. Foodlike substances, the derisive term Pollan uses to describe processed foods, is now a solid part of the elite vernacular. Thousands of restaurants and grocery stores, most notably the Whole Foods chain, have thrived by answering the call to reject industrialized foods in favor of a return to natural, simple, nonindustrialized—let’s call them “wholesome”—foods. The two newest restaurants in my smallish Massachusetts town both prominently tout wholesome ingredients; one of them is called the Farmhouse, and it’s usually packed.
Adults: A healthy weight for adults is usually when your BMI is 18.5 to less than 25. To figure out your BMI, use the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s online BMI calculator and compare it with the table below. You can also download the BMI calculator app for iPhone and Android. Even if your BMI is in the healthy range, it is possible to be diagnosed as obese if you have a large waist circumference that suggests increased amounts of fat in your abdomen that can lead to complications.
Food intake and eating disorders: If you eat a lot, especially foods that are high in fat and calories, you can become obese. Obesity also can result from eating disorders, such as a tendency to binge.
Monitor your weight regularly. People who weigh themselves at least once a week are more successful in keeping off excess pounds. Monitoring your weight can tell you whether your efforts are working and can help you detect small weight gains before they become big problems.
Malnutrition in early life is believed to play a role in the rising rates of obesity in the developing world.[144] Endocrine changes that occur during periods of malnutrition may promote the storage of fat once more food energy becomes available.[144]
Finally, cumulative attrition of the most vulnerable fraction of the obese population brought about by premature mortality of those subjects who do not survive the late-midlife years leaves only the most biologically advantaged obese survivors for “nonbiased” epidemiological analysis of obesity in advanced years. If one accepts that obesity increases mortality in younger years, attempted comparison between age-matched obese and lean humans in the older age inevitably leads to the study of two highly unequal cohorts of which only one has been subjected to the Darwinian process of obesity-related attrition.
But when it comes to disease fears, the baby boomers are misguided. Nearly half of them worry most about cancer, the second leading killer in the U.S.. Heart disease is the nation’s No. 1 killer, but it’s third in line on the boomers’ worry list. They’re more concerned about memory loss.
Although the negative impact of high BMI on the risk of death from all-cause mortality is now well established, there is an apparent decline in the relative added risk of obesity with increasing age (1,2). This has led some experts to conclude that obesity should not necessarily be viewed as a disease in individuals older than 55 years. If such shift in the approach to adiposity during the latter phases of life is prematurely accepted, it may not only discourage attempted weight loss in older subjects, but also promote nutritional and lifestyle indulgence, which is presently difficult enough to overcome. It is the purpose of the present commentary to briefly outline the full spectrum of obesity-related hardships in the elderly. In our opinion, obesity-induced complications amount to real disease, which gravely affects quality of life and limits effective lifespan.
More recently, investigators conducted a systematic review of 89 studies on weight-related diseases and then did a statistical summary, or meta-analysis, of the data. Of the 18 weight-related diseases they studied, diabetes was at the top of the risk list: Compared with men and women in the normal weight range (BMI lower than 25), men with BMIs of 30 or higher had a sevenfold higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, and women with BMIs of 30 or higher had a 12-fold higher risk. (4)
Although the negative health consequences of obesity in the general population are well supported by the available evidence, health outcomes in certain subgroups seem to be improved at an increased BMI, a phenomenon known as the obesity survival paradox.[74] The paradox was first described in 1999 in overweight and obese people undergoing hemodialysis,[74] and has subsequently been found in those with heart failure and peripheral artery disease (PAD).[75]
An enormous amount of media space has been dedicated to promoting the notion that all processed food, and only processed food, is making us sickly and overweight. In this narrative, the food-industrial complex—particularly the fast-food industry—has turned all the powers of food-processing science loose on engineering its offerings to addict us to fat, sugar, and salt, causing or at least heavily contributing to the obesity crisis. The wares of these pimps and pushers, we are told, are to be universally shunned.
Acupressure and acupuncture can also suppress food cravings. Visualization and meditation can create and reinforce a positive self-image that enhances the patient’s determination to lose weight. By improving physical strength, mental concentration, and emotional serenity, yoga can provide the same benefits. Also, patients who play soft, slow music during meals often find that they eat less food but enjoy it more.
Several randomized clinical trials in breast cancer survivors have reported weight loss interventions that resulted in both weight loss and beneficial changes in biomarkers that have been linked to the association between obesity and prognosis (43, 44). However, there is little evidence about whether weight loss improves cancer recurrence or prognosis (45). The NCI-sponsored Breast Cancer WEight Loss (BWEL) Study, a randomized phase III trial that is currently recruiting participants, will compare recurrence rate in overweight and obese women who take part in a weight loss program after breast cancer diagnosis with that in women who do not take part in the weight loss program.
Obesity increases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and some cancers. If you have obesity, losing even 5 to 10 percent of your weight can delay or prevent some of these diseases. For example, that means losing 10 to 20 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds.
A major concern with weight loss for seniors the accompanying loss of lean tissue, which can accelerate existing sarcopenia (age-related loss of muscle and strength). The result could also include reduction of bone mineral density that could worsen frailty and lead to greater risk of bone fractures and broken hips. Studies have yet to provide sufficient evidence, one way or another, as to whether or not weight loss provides a true enhancement to quality of life.
Unhealthy diet and eating habits. Weight gain is inevitable if you regularly eat more calories than you burn. And most Americans’ diets are too high in calories and are full of fast food and high-calorie beverages.
Genetic factors are difficult to change. However, people and places can play a role in helping children achieve and maintain a healthy weight. Families, communities, schools, out-of-school programs, medical care providers, faith-based institutions, government agencies, the media, food and beverage companies, and entertainment industries all influence the dietary and physical activity behaviors of children and adolescents.7-9
As many as 85% of dieters who do not exercise on a regular basis regain their lost weight within two years. In five years, the figure rises to 90%. Repeatedly losing and regaining weight (yo yo dieting) encourages the body to store fat and may increase a patient’s risk of developing heart disease. The primary factor in achieving and maintaining weight loss is a life-long commitment to regular exercise and sensible eating habits.
Alzheimer’s disease and dementia are scourges of populations that enjoy a long life span. In the United States, these diseases affect more than 7.5 million people, most of them over age 65. At 65, the estimated lifetime risk for Alzheimer’s disease is 17.2 percent in women and 9.1 percent in men. (36) Body weight is a potentially modifiable risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. A meta-analysis of 10 prospective cohort studies that included almost 42,000 subjects followed for three to 36 years demonstrated a U-shaped association between BMI and Alzheimer’s disease. Compared with being in the normal weight range, being underweight was associated with a 36 percent higher risk of Alzheimer’s disease while being obese was associated with a 42 percent higher risk. (37) The associations were stronger in studies with longer follow-up. A more recent meta-analysis demonstrated a similarly strong association between obesity and Alzheimer’s disease. (38)
Obesity is a major feature in several syndromes, such as Prader–Willi syndrome, Bardet–Biedl syndrome, Cohen syndrome, and MOMO syndrome. (The term “non-syndromic obesity” is sometimes used to exclude these conditions.)[122] In people with early-onset severe obesity (defined by an onset before 10 years of age and body mass index over three standard deviations above normal), 7% harbor a single point DNA mutation.[123]
potentially abused by patients. While most of the immediate side-effects of these drugs are harmless, the long-term effects of these drugs, in many cases, are unknown. Two drugs, dexfenfluramine hydrochloride (Redux) and fenfluramine (Pondimin) as well as a combination fenfluramine-phentermine (Fen/Phen) drug, were taken off the market when they were shown to cause potentially fatal heart defects. In November 1997, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new weight-loss drug, sibutramine (Meridia). Available only with a doctor’s prescription, Meridia can significantly elevate blood pressure and cause dry mouth, headache, constipation, and insomnia. This medication should not be used by patients with a history of congestive heart failure, heart disease, stroke, or uncontrolled high blood pressure.

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People who are now between 65 and 80 years old have seen their overall health improve compared to three years ago. And people who are aging into the senior community are far less likely to smoke than earlier generations.
Many studies have seen a high BMI in people who do not get enough sleep. Some studies have seen a relationship between sleep and the way our bodies use nutrients for energy and how lack of sleep can affect hormones that control hunger urges. Visit our Sleep Deprivation and Deficiency Health Topic for more information about lack of sleep.
If you have other questions about how Medicare can help you with weight loss for seniors, I’d be happy to help. To set up a time to talk one-on-one about your Medicare needs, click the link below. You can also request an email from me with personalized Medicare information; you’ll find that link below as well. To start browsing on your own, click the Compare Plans button on this page. Or, to get assistance quickly from a licensed insurance agent, feel free to call us. Call Medicare.com’s licensed insurance agents at 1-844-847-2660, TTY users 711; Monday through Friday, 8AM to 8PM ET.
Evaluation of risks for heart disease in school children. The multigenerational Muscatine Heart Study followed children from 1970 to 1991 to study school-aged children for heart disease risk factors and to follow them throughout childhood into adulthood. The study continues to evaluate heart disease risk factors in the children of the initial study participants. Visit Muscatine Heart Study for more information about the results of this study.
However, not all was bleak for the boomers: They are less likely to smoke cigarettes than their parents, and were less likely to have emphysema or a heart attack, the study — which was published Feb. 4 in JAMA Internal Medicine — found.
Nadia B. Pietrzykowska, MD, FACP, is a Board Certified and fellowship trained Obesity Medicine Specialist, Physician Nutrition Specialist and Health Coach. She is the Founder and Medical Director of “Weight & Life MD,” a Center for Healthy Weight, Nutrition and Lifestyle opening soon in New Jersey.
“This is a social issue,” former president Bill Clinton told the audience at a recent summit on obesity, as he accepted an award for the work of his group, the Alliance for a Healthier Generation. “We are trying to turn the Titanic around before it hits the iceberg.”
Vagal nerve blockade is another treatment for obesity. It involves implanting a device under the skin of the abdomen that sends intermittent electrical pulses to the abdominal vagus nerve, which tells the brain when the stomach feels empty or full. This new technology received FDA approval in 2014 for use by adults who have not been able to lose weight with a weight-loss program and who have a BMI of 35 to 45 with at least one obesity-related condition, such as type 2 diabetes.
Babies of overweight or obese mothers are at an increased risk of being born too soon, being stillborn (dead in the womb after 20 weeks of pregnancy), and having neural tube defects (defects of the brain and spinal cord).
In some cases, weight-loss surgery, also called bariatric surgery, is an option. Weight-loss surgery limits the amount of food you’re able to comfortably eat or decreases the absorption of food and calories or both. While weight-loss surgery offers the best chance of losing the most weight, it can pose serious risks.
Jump up ^ Goodman E, Adler NE, Daniels SR, Morrison JA, Slap GB, Dolan LM (2003). “Impact of objective and subjective social status on obesity in a biracial cohort of adolescents”. Obesity Reviews (Research Support). 11 (8): 1018–26. doi:10.1038/oby.2003.140. PMID 12917508.
More than 30% of adults (50% of baby boomers) have this condition. The bad news is metabolic syndrome can kill you before you ever develop diabetes. Because it changes your cholesterol profile, increases inflammation, and raises your blood pressure levels in ways that are similar to those of diabetes, it can cause a heart attack or stroke.
Cancer. Obesity has been linked to cancer of the colon in men and women, cancer of the rectum and prostate in men, and cancer of the gallbladder and uterus in women. Obesity may also be associated with breast cancer, particularly in postmenopausal women. Fat tissue is important in the production of estrogen, and prolonged exposure to high levels of estrogen increases the risk of breast cancer.
A report by the Census Bureau cites a decline in smoking and alcohol intake among Americans 65 and older. However, data indicate 72% of older men and 67% of older women are overweight or obese, putting them at increased odds of conditions such as diabetes and arthritis. Time.com (r.smartbrief.com) (7/1)
Several randomized clinical trials in breast cancer survivors have reported weight loss interventions that resulted in both weight loss and beneficial changes in biomarkers that have been linked to the association between obesity and prognosis (43, 44). However, there is little evidence about whether weight loss improves cancer recurrence or prognosis (45). The NCI-sponsored Breast Cancer WEight Loss (BWEL) Study, a randomized phase III trial that is currently recruiting participants, will compare recurrence rate in overweight and obese women who take part in a weight loss program after breast cancer diagnosis with that in women who do not take part in the weight loss program.
an abnormal increase in the proportion of fat cells, mainly in the viscera and subcutaneous tissues of the body. Obesity may be exogenous or endogenous. Hyperplastic obesity is caused by an increase in the number of fat cells in the increased adipose tissue mass. Hypertrophic obesity results from an increase in the size of the fat cells in the increased adipose tissue mass.
Studies have also shown that housewives in the 1950s were significantly slimmer than women today. This could be because their daily lives involved much more physical activity, including walking more and having fewer labour-saving devices.
This is a combination drug of naltrexone (an opioid antagonist) and bupropion HCL (an antidepressant medication that is an inhibitor of the reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine). The main side effects observed with this medication are nausea, constipation, and headaches. The medication is contraindicated in patients with uncontrolled hypertension or a history of seizures.
Jump up ^ Pestana IA, Greenfield JM, Walsh M, Donatucci CF, Erdmann D (October 2009). “Management of “buried” penis in adulthood: an overview”. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. (Review). 124 (4): 1186–95. doi:10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181b5a37f. PMID 19935302.
Soda, juice and other sweet beverages are full of sugar, are empty calories. Eliminating these culprits from your diet can be a one step process to losing a few pounds. In addition to weight loss, cutting out refined sugar as much as possible is a healthy choice for people of all ages.
Energy imbalances can cause overweight and obesity. An energy imbalance means that your energy IN does not equal your energy OUT. This energy is measured in calories. Energy IN is the amount of calories you get from food and drinks. Energy OUT is the amount of calories that your body uses for things such as breathing, digesting, being physically active, and regulating body temperature.
To lose weight, seniors should implement a nutritious diet that include more fruits and vegetables. Consuming calcium, vitamins, protein rich foods like whole grains, whole wheat, cereals, lentils and eggs release the energy required for any physical activity. Senior weight loss is possible and can be achieved with a nutritious diet and regular work out.
You don’t have to run a marathon to be active in your golden years. In fact, small changes — such as walking 30 minutes a day or taking a low-impact fitness class at your local gym or senior center — can lead to big health rewards.
The AP’s poll was conducted from June 3-12 by Knowledge Networks of Menlo Park, Calif., and involved online interviews with 1,416 adults, including 1,078 baby boomers born between 1946 and 1964. Knowledge Networks used traditional telephone and mail sampling methods to randomly recruit respondents. People selected who had no Internet access were given it free.
A blood pressure of 120/80 mm Hg (often referred to as “120 over 80”) is considered normal. If the top number (systolic blood pressure) is consistently 140 or higher or the bottom number (diastolic blood pressure) is 90 or higher, you are considered to have high blood pressure.
If you have too much body fat, you are obese, just like over 70 million other Americans. It happens because you eat more calories than you use, and your body converts the excess to fat. There are lots of reasons that this can happ…
Three papers (Villareal 2011a; Armamento-Villareal 2012; Shah 2011) reported on a cohort of 107 frail obese adults using similar inclusion criteria and interventions to their earlier trials. In Villareal 2011a, weight loss plus exercise improved physical function and ameliorated frailty more than either weight loss or exercise alone, and sarcopenic-obesity was reduced in all intervention groups. However, there was a loss of both lean body mass and hip BMD. These loses were attenuated by the addition of exercise but not stopped. It is currently unknown what additional intervention(s) are needed to totally mitigate these loses. The investigators suggested higher doses of calcium and vitamin D, or performing only aerobic or resistance exercise individually, or including anti-resorptive therapy during active weight loss might be effective in mitigating the losses of BMD and LBM during active weight loss.
Children who have a television in their bedroom are much more likely to be obese or overweight than kids who do not, researchers from the Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, LA, reported in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine (December 2012 issue).
For obese seniors, dieting and exercise together are more effective at improving physical performance and reducing frailty than either alone. Although weight loss alone and exercise alone improve physical function, neither is as effective as diet and exercise together, which improved physical performance in seniors by 21 percent.
The imbalance between calories in and calories out doesn’t need to be large to gain weight, says Dr. Lawrence Cheskin, director of the Johns Hopkins Weight Management Center and associate professor of Health Behavior and Society at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. As little as 50 extra calories a day can lead to weight gain. So it all adds up quickly, particularly when you’re older. Even if you eat the same amount of food at age 50 as you did at 25, your body will gain weight.
Goodwin PJ, Segal RJ, Vallis M, et al. Randomized trial of a telephone-based weight loss intervention in postmenopausal women with breast cancer receiving letrozole: the LISA trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2014; 32(21):2231-2239.
“The ‘epidemic’ of obesity is paralleled by a ‘silent epidemic’ of reduced sleep duration with short sleep duration linked to increased risk of obesity both in adults and in children. These trends are detectable in adults as well as in children as young as 5 years.”

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Jump up ^ Marantz PR, Bird ED, Alderman MH (March 2008). “A call for higher standards of evidence for dietary guidelines”. Am J Prev Med. 34 (3): 234–40. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2007.11.017. PMID 18312812.
Endocrinology A state of excess body fat, which is regarded as a premorbid addiction disorder, defined as 20% above a person’s standard weight; the ideal body weight is 21 kg/m2 Epidemiology 59% of Americans are clinically obese, according to a 1995 report by the Institute of Medicine, there has been a 54% ↑ in obesity and a 98% ↑ in superobesity in children 6-9 yrs of age; an obese child is often an obese adult; the patterns may
Villareal DT, Binder EF, Yarasheski KE, Williams DB, Brown M, Sinacore DR, Kohrt WM. Effects of exercise training added to ongoing hormone replacement therapy on bone mineral density in frail elderly women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003;51:985–990. [PubMed]
“From a nutritional perspective, starting at age 30, our metabolic rate (meaning the calories we need) declines by 10 percent per decade,” explains Roberts. It comes down to the number of calories consumed versus the number of calories burned. Remember: You don’t want to break down lean body mass; you only want to burn stored body fat.
There are many options for weight loss and as you’ll discover, not every option is appropriate for every patient. The journey to weight loss is different for everyone based on your individual lifestyle and goals.
Among all the duds—the desperate and depressed and not-quite-divorced—a 45-year-old man named Richie Peterson stood out. He was a career naval officer, an Afghanistan veteran who was finishing his doctorate in political science at the University of Minnesota. When Missi “liked” his profile, he sent her a message right away and called her that afternoon. They talked about their kids (he had two; she had three), their divorces, their sobriety. Richie told her he was on vacation in Hawaii, but they planned to meet up as soon as he got back.
Studies that have focused on inheritance patterns rather than on specific genes have found that 80% of the offspring of two obese parents were also obese, in contrast to less than 10% of the offspring of two parents who were of normal weight.[124] Different people exposed to the same environment have different risks of obesity due to their underlying genetics.[125]
One of the goals of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service’s Healthy People 2010 initiative is to reduce the prevalence of adult obesity to 15% or less. Yet we are moving in the wrong direction — between 1976 and 2000 (a period of time in which most baby boomers came of age and entered middle age), adult obesity more than doubled, from 15% to 31%. The obesity problem is acute among baby boomers, yet many in this generation, particularly men, fail to recognize their weight problems.
Every weight-loss plan is based on one simple principle: calorie intake vs calorie output. To lose weight, a dog must consume fewer calories than they burn a day. Start by counting your dog’s calories accurately. Instead of feeding ‘free-choice’ or giving your dog one or two meals a day, change to feeding your dog several small meals a day. That way you’ll be able to control and monitor exactly how much they eat.
In 2006–2007, 65% of baby boomers in South Australia were overweight or obese, and 26% were obese. There were statistically significant increases in both categories between 2002 and 2007. In 2006–2007, the overweight or obese groups were significantly different on a wide range of social, demographic and health-related variables when compared to their non-overweight peers at the univariate level. In the multivariate analysis the obese was more likely to have risk factors (high blood pressure, insufficient exercise) and chronic disease (diabetes, asthma, arthritis). They were also more likely to be in lower socio-economic areas, to be of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin and have lower levels of education.
Jump up ^ National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (1998). Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults (PDF). International Medical Publishing, Inc. ISBN 1-58808-002-1.
Respiratory problems. In obese patients, lungs decrease in size. Both the increased weight on the chest wall of obese patients and the difficulty they experience in lifting the heavy chest wall may contribute to difficulty in breathing (Wallace, Schulte, Nakeeb, & Andris, 2003). Obesity is known to induce respiratory mechanical impairment that may be combined with abnormalities in gas exchange (Zerah et al., 1993). In the obese elderly, these changes are accentuated by changes in the lung structure and function associated with normal aging. These changes in the lungs include decreased alveolar surface available for gas exchange, increased chest wall stiffness, and stiffening of the elastin and the collagen tissue supporting the lungs (Tabloski, 2006). The mass loading of the ventilator system induced by obesity alters the static balance within the respiratory system. Obese older patients often have a reduced respiratory efficiency that can reach the point of respiratory insufficiency in the presence of cardiovascular insufficiency of various degrees. The natural decrease in respiratory function in older patients exacerbates the decrease caused by obesity which may in turn lead to an increase in the sleep apnea syndrome, which, in these patients, is related to a greater risk of developing hallucinatory and cognitive disorders caused by hypoxia during sleep (Donini et al., 2006).
One study even found that adults between ages 60 and 74 were four times more likely to be depressed if they were obese [source: Pappas]. And obesity and aging joints is not a good mix, meaning that creaking knees will suffer more wear and tear when holding up someone who enjoys an extra trip back to the buffet table.
“I think people get super-comfortable with being uncomfortable,” she said. “Sometimes, it’s scary to make changes. They don’t feel good in the first place. Stepping out of their comfort zone without help can be hard.”
The report, “Aging in the United States,” examines recent trends and disparities among adults ages 65 and older, and how baby boomers will reshape America’s older population. In 2016, baby boomers will be between ages 52 and 70.

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Ethnicity. Ethnicity factors may influence the age of onset and the rapidity of weight gain. African-American women and Hispanic women tend to experience weight gain earlier in life than Caucasians and Asians, and age-adjusted obesity rates are higher in these groups. Non-Hispanic black men and Hispanic men have a higher obesity rate then non-Hispanic white men, but the difference in prevalence is significantly less than in women.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.[1] People are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person’s weight by the square of the person’s height, is over 30 kg/m2, with the range 25–30 kg/m2 defined as overweight.[1] Some East Asian countries use lower values.[8] Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis and depression.[2][3]
In 2005, James Fallon’s life started to resemble the plot of a well-honed joke or big-screen thriller: A neuroscientist is working in his laboratory one day when he thinks he has stumbled upon a big mistake. He is researching Alzheimer’s and using his healthy family members’ brain scans as a control, while simultaneously reviewing the fMRIs of murderous psychopaths for a side project. It appears, though, that one of the killers’ scans has been shuffled into the wrong batch.
Baby boomers refer to the 78 million American children born after World War II between 1946 to 1964, about 26 percent of the U.S. population at that time. Other studies have shown increasing life expectancy with future generations, and this may be due to significant improvements in medicine seem during baby boomer’s lifetimes. However, this does not mean they are living healthier.
Pollan’s worldview saturates the public conversation on healthy eating. You hear much the same from many scientists, physicians, food activists, nutritionists, celebrity chefs, and pundits. Foodlike substances, the derisive term Pollan uses to describe processed foods, is now a solid part of the elite vernacular. Thousands of restaurants and grocery stores, most notably the Whole Foods chain, have thrived by answering the call to reject industrialized foods in favor of a return to natural, simple, nonindustrialized—let’s call them “wholesome”—foods. The two newest restaurants in my smallish Massachusetts town both prominently tout wholesome ingredients; one of them is called the Farmhouse, and it’s usually packed.
One new study found that baby boomers (ages 49 to 67 in 2013) are living longer than people roughly 20 years older, but are not healthier.1 While they are less likely to smoke, have emphysema, or a heart attack, they are more likely to be obese, have diabetes, or high blood pressure than the previous generation at similar ages.
By the spring of 2016, Missi Brandt had emerged from a rough few years with a new sense of solidity. At 45, she was three years sober and on the leeward side of a stormy divorce. She was living with her preteen daughters in the suburbs of St. Paul, Minnesota, and working as a flight attendant. Missi felt ready for a serious relationship again, so she made a profile on OurTime.com, a dating site for people in middle age.
For a male of average height, a BMI of 40 or more means that they have an excess of 100 or more extra pounds on their frame; for a female of average height, a 40+ BMI means about 85 or more extra pounds.
Several tools have been developed to aid physicians in remembering the multiple etiologies of unintentional weight loss. These include the mnemonic Meals on Wheels (medication effects; emotional problems, depression; anorexia nervosa; alcoholism; late-life paranoia; swallowing disorders; oral factors, such as poorly fitting dentures and caries; no money; wandering and other dementia-related behaviors; hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, and hypoadrenalism; enteric problems; eating problems, such as inability to feed oneself; low-salt and low-cholesterol diet; stones; social problems, such as isolation and inability to obtain preferred foods).20 Another tool is the 9 D’s of weight loss in the elderly (dementia, dentition, depression, diarrhea, disease [acute and chronic], drugs, dysfunction [functional disability], dysgeusia, dysphagia).21
HASfit offers health, fitness and nutritional information and is designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on this information as a substitute for, nor does it replace, professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional. Do not disregard, avoid or delay obtaining medical or health related advice from your health-care professional because of something you may have read on this site. The use of any information provided on this site is solely at your own risk.
Even if there’s nothing wrong with your health it’s quite common for older people to lose their appetite. You may be underweight simply because you’re not eating enough and your diet doesn’t give you sufficient energy or calories.
Despite the positive effect of bariatric surgery on weight and obesity health problems, it is not the right solution for everyone.  In addition to preparing for and going through with surgery, big sacrifices must be made in life after weight loss surgery for patients to be successful.
Fewer studies have examined possible associations between weight loss and cancer risk. Some of these have found decreased risks of breast, endometrial, colon, and prostate cancers among people who have lost weight. However, most of these studies were not able to evaluate whether the weight loss was intentional or unintentional (and possibly related to underlying health problems).
More than one-third of people age 65 and older in the United States are obese, according to the study authors. Obesity worsens the typical age-related decline in physical functioning and causes frailty, while weight loss can lead to harmful declines in muscle mass and bone density.
Treatment for sleep apnea usually includes the use of mechanical ventilation devices to keep the airway open by delivering continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP).
As women get older, belly fat is a common problem. Consuming monounsaturated fats can combat this problem by increasing your basal metabolic rate. Foods rich in this type of fat include avocados, almonds and peanuts. Vegetable-based oils, like canola oil and olive oil, are a few other options. Supplement high-fat foods, like butter, with these healthy options for increased fat loss.
Seidell JC. Epidemiology – definition and classification of obesity In:Peter G. Kopelman; Ian D. Caterson; Michael J. Stock; William H. Dietz (2005). Clinical obesity in adults and children: In Adults and Children. Blackwell Publishing. pp. 3–11. ISBN 1-4051-1672-2.
Walking is a great starting point for people who are elderly and overweight or obese. It’s gentler on the joints because it’s low impact and is equally as effective as a workout. “For burning calories and weight control, that’s just as valuable as going for runs or going to the gym,” says Dr. Cheskin. What matters most is how long you go for and how far, not how fast. If you go for a walk, even at a leisurely pace, you will still burn a good amount of calories, explains Dr. Cheskin.
A type of compression neuropathy (nerve damage) caused by compression and irritation of the median nerve in the wrist. The nerve is compressed within the carpal tunnel, a bony canal in the palm side of the wrist that provides passage for the median nerve to the hand. The irritation of the median nerve is specifically due to pressure from the transverse carpal ligament.
Villareal DT, Apovian CM, Kushner RF, Klein S. Obesity in older adults: technical review and position statement of the American Society for Nutrition and NAASO, The Obesity Society. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;82:923–934. [PubMed]
Obesity rates in Chile have yet to fall, and experts say it could take years to significantly modify the way people eat. But by focusing on the packaging and advertising of unhealthy foods that appeal to children, the Chilean government is hoping to reprogram the next generation of consumers.

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The main treatment for obesity consists of dieting and physical exercise.[81] Diet programs may produce weight loss over the short term,[164] but maintaining this weight loss is frequently difficult and often requires making exercise and a lower food energy diet a permanent part of a person’s lifestyle.[165][166]
Baby boomers are currently in mid-life and over the next several decades they will swell the ranks of those aged 65 and over. Their entry into this age group will have a significant impact in a number of areas but particularly in relation to the type and extent of health services required. Obesity is a major health issue for this cohort as its members are significantly over-represented in both the overweight and obese categories compared to the rest of the population. In addition, they are significantly more likely to have multiple risk factors. This review considers how alterations to lifestyle, initiated by the rapid social changes of the last half century, might have contributed to obesity within this cohort. In providing this broad overview it focuses on how increased affluence and changes to everyday institutions have affected the cultures around food consumption. This includes a consideration of both the internal and external ways in which eating environments are now constructed. This review suggests that further research is needed to identify the factors which facilitate or constrain healthy ageing in the baby boom cohort. Research along these lines also needs to consider both macro- and micro-level changes to the social context within which these factors arise. This is essential as the high levels of obesity in this cohort may reflect both an individual and a structural lag in adapting lifestyles and policies to meet the needs of this very different social environment.
“Weight gain is occurring, but it’s not just because of aging,” says Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko, head of the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. “It’s what we eat, our lifestyle habits, how much screen time we get … all of those kinds of factors are having an impact.”
Adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2004, the “WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health” describes the actions needed to support healthy diets and regular physical activity. The Strategy calls upon all stakeholders to take action at global, regional and local levels to improve diets and physical activity patterns at the population level.
In many cases of elderly weight loss, a combination of factors is to blame. Many of these factors can be considered secondary to existing medical conditions. For example, some seniors who suffer from mental illnesses such as psychotic disorders or Alzheimer’s disease experience paranoia and suspicion which prevent them from eating the food they are served. This is actually quite common in long term and psychiatric care facilities. Elderly people with these disorders also expend extra energy pacing and performing other habitual movements.
There is controversy in regard to carbohydrates and weight loss. When carbohydrates are restricted, people often experience rapid initial weight loss within the first two weeks. This weight loss is due mainly to fluid loss. When carbohydrates are added back to the diet, weight gain often occurs, simply due to a regain of the fluid.
Changes in dietary and physical activity patterns are often the result of environmental and societal changes associated with development and lack of supportive policies in sectors such as health, agriculture, transport, urban planning, environment, food processing, distribution, marketing, and education.
Some people have less access to stores and supermarkets that sell healthy, affordable food such as fruits and vegetables, especially in rural, low-income neighborhoods and communities of color. Supermarket access is associated with a reduced risk for obesity. Choosing healthy foods is difficult for parents who live in areas with an overabundance of unhealthy options like convenience stores and fast food restaurants.
Gastric bypass. This is the most effective weight loss surgery. However, it also carries a greater risk of complications, both short term and long term. A surgeon creates a small pouch in the upper part of the stomach. A is made in the small intestine beyond the normal stomach attachment. The pouch is attached to the hole, bypassing the rest of the stomach and the top part of the small intestine.
Hi Susan, thank you for bringing this up! There are many drug-nutrient interactions that are not mentioned here. It’s a good practice to ask your doctor or pharmacist about any interactions with medications you are taking. There are also some good resources out there on the topic. Here is one: Food Medication Interactions 18th Edition.

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Regular exercise: Physical activity is important because it reduces body fat and builds muscle. Exercise also has a direct effect in preventing diseases associated with obesity, such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and osteoporosis. It also helps regulate unhealthy fats, improves your mood, and even promotes better sleep.
These tables give general ranges of healthy weights and overweight for adult height. The tables do not take into account individual conditions. For one thing, they do not distinguish fat from muscle, water, or bone. They are much less helpful than body mass index in identifying risk of health problems related to weight.
The rapid rise in the incidence of obesity in the United States since 1990 has prompted researchers to look for new treatments. One approach involves the application of antidiabetes drugs to the treatment of obesity. Metformin (Glucophage), a drug that was approved by the Food and Dug Administration (FDA) in 1994 for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, shows promise in treating obesity associated with insulin resistance.
Inflammation of the gallbladder, a complication of gallstones which are formed by cholesterol and pigment (bilirubin) in bile. (Bile is produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder). Cholecystitis is frequently associated with infection in the gallbladder.
Even if you have one or more of these risk factors, it doesn’t mean that you’re destined to become obese. You can counteract most risk factors through diet, physical activity and exercise, and behavior changes.
By placing wholesome eating directly at odds with healthier processed foods, the Pollanites threaten to derail the reformation of fast food just as it’s starting to gain traction. At McDonald’s, “Chef Dan”—that is, Dan Coudreaut, the executive chef and director of culinary innovation—told me of the dilemma the movement has caused him as he has tried to make the menu healthier. “Some want us to have healthier food, but others want us to have minimally processed ingredients, which can mean more fat,” he explained. “It’s becoming a balancing act for us.” That the chef with arguably the most influence in the world over the diet of the obese would even consider adding fat to his menu to placate wholesome foodies is a pretty good sign that something has gone terribly wrong with our approach to the obesity crisis.
Meyerhardt JA, Tepper JE, Niedzwiecki D, et al. Impact of body mass index on outcomes and treatment-related toxicity in patients with stage II and III rectal cancer: findings from Intergroup Trial 0114. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2004; 22(4):648-657.
Jump up ^ Howard NJ, Taylor AW, Gill TK, Chittleborough CR (2008). “Severe obesity: Investigating the socio-demographics within the extremes of body mass index”. Obesity Research & Clinical Practice. 2 (1): I–II. doi:10.1016/j.orcp.2008.01.001. familyhealthtodayPosted on November 19, 2016Categories HEART HEALTH, LONGEVITY, PREDIABETES/DIABETES, WEIGHT LOSSTags baby bommers health, baby boomer diabesity, baby boomer fitness, baby boomer health, baby boomer health concerns, baby boomer health issues, baby boomer wellness, baby boomers diabesity, baby boomers fitness, baby boomers health, baby boomers health concerns, baby boomers health issues, baby boomers wellness, blood glucose, breast health, diabesity, diabetes, healthy, healthy life, optimal health, prediabetes
Addressing the high rates of overweight and obesity within the baby boomers generation should be a policy priority. As this generation moves towards old age the significant associations between body mass index and chronic disease and disability promise to increase demand upon an already pressurized health system.
Johannes CB, Araujo AB, Feldman HA, Derby CA, Kleinman KP, McKinlay JB. Incidence of erectile dysfunction in men 40 to 69 years old: longitudinal results from the Massachusetts male aging study.J Urol. 2000; 163:4603.
The Obesity Prevention Program works to make healthy choices easier for all Texans wherever they live, work, and play. The Obesity Prevention Program was created in October 2013 by merging the Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity Prevention (NPAOP) and Worksite Wellness Programs.
Get excited about reading again with fun and interesting tips from our experts, including The M.D., our dietitians, and our fitness expert. In our health library, you will find all of the information you need to achieve your goals of making a healthy lifestyle change. So, start reading and start losing!
“Telling it like it is,” was sports journalist Howard Cosell’s mantra, which he preached to the baby boomer generation that joined him in making Monday Night Football a national party night. In the spirit of “telling it like it is,” this is what the numbers now say say about the baby boomer generation: Medicare (which baby boomers are signing up for in record numbers to avoid soaring health care costs) is projected to spend 72 percent more for the remaining lifetime of a typical 65-year-old in 2030 than a 65-year-old in 2010. Obesity is a major reason why. Almost twice as many baby boomers will suffer from obesity in 2030 compared to 2010.
A third approach to obesity treatment involves research into the social factors that encourage or reinforce weight gain in humans. Researchers are looking at such issues as the advertising and marketing of food products; media stereotypes of obesity; the development of eating disorders in adolescents and adults; and similar questions.
Hoyo C, Cook MB, Kamangar F, et al. Body mass index in relation to oesophageal and oesophagogastric junction adenocarcinomas: a pooled analysis from the International BEACON Consortium. International Journal of Epidemiology 2012; 41(6):1706-1718.
A new study confirms the importance of getting personalized weight loss help. If you’re overweight or obese, getting the best weight loss help is difficult. Check these sources first to get personalized help without judgement.
18. Rydwik E, Lammes E, Frandin K, et al. Effects of a physical and nutritional intervention program for frail elderly people over age 75. A randomized controlled pilot treatment trial. Aging Clin Exp Res 2008;20:159–70 [PubMed]
Lisa Esposito is a Patient Advice reporter at U.S. News. She covers health conditions, drawing on experience as an RN in oncology and other areas and as a research coordinator at the National Institutes of Health. Esposito previously reported on health care with Gannett, and she received her journalism master’s degree at Georgetown University. You can follow her on Twitter, connect with her on LinkedIn or email her at lesposito@usnews.com.
The researchers who conducted the earlier CDC study suggested that public health efforts and aggressive treatments aimed at preventing chronic diseases had greatly reduced the obesityobesity-related death risk.
Caring.com is a leading online destination for caregivers seeking information and support as they care for aging parents, spouses, and other loved ones. We offer thousands of original articles, helpful tools, advice from more than 50 leading experts, a community of caregivers, and a comprehensive directory of caregiving services.
Adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2004, the “WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health” describes the actions needed to support healthy diets and regular physical activity. The Strategy calls upon all stakeholders to take action at global, regional and local levels to improve diets and physical activity patterns at the population level.
Nearly all of the evidence linking obesity to cancer risk comes from large cohort studies, a type of observational study. However, data from observational studies can be difficult to interpret and cannot definitively establish that obesity causes cancer. That is because obese or overweight people may differ from lean people in ways other than their body fat, and it is possible that these other differences—rather than their body fat—are what explains their different cancer risk.

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The table below has already done the math and metric conversions. To use the table, find the appropriate height in the left-hand column. Move across the row to the given weight. The number at the top of the column is the BMI for that height and weight.
Which raises a question: If McDonald’s is taking these sorts of steps, albeit in a slow and limited way, why isn’t it more loudly saying so to deflect criticism? While the company has heavily plugged the debut of its new egg-white sandwich and chicken wraps, the ads have left out even a mention of health, the reduced calories and fat, or the inclusion of whole grains. McDonald’s has practically kept secret the fact that it has also begun substituting whole-grain flour for some of the less healthy refined flour in its best-selling Egg McMuffin.
Michael Spitzer, a personal trainer and author of Fitness at 40, 50, 60 and Beyond, agrees, adding that “the true path to weight control and fitness after age 60 isn’t that much different than it is at any other stage of life. However, there are certain factors that need special consideration.”
Jump up ^ Aune, D; Norat, T; Vatten, LJ (December 2014). “Body mass index and the risk of gout: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies”. European Journal of Nutrition. 53 (8): 1591–601. doi:10.1007/s00394-014-0766-0. PMID 25209031.
Low levels of spontaneous physical activity is a major predictor of adipose tissue accumulation in humans, and total body movement, most of which is related to ambulation, is negatively correlated with fat mass (32).
Psychological factors. For some people, emotions influence eating habits. Many people eat excessively in response to emotions such as boredom, sadness, stress, or anger. While most overweight people have no more psychological disturbances than normal weight people, about 30% of the people who seek treatment for serious weight problems have difficulties with binge eating.
“Boomers and Gen X together make up more than 75% of Australia’s workforce. Their health and the role of the workplace in promoting a healthy, or unhealthy, environment is of critical importance to the Australian economy, to society and to people’s quality of life,” Pilkington says.
Inactivity. If you’re not very active, you don’t burn as many calories. With a sedentary lifestyle, you can easily take in more calories every day than you use through exercise and normal daily activities.
After an initial visit to the doctor, he recommends that his patients, possibly with assistance from family members, weigh themselves twice weekly and keep an accurate “food diary.” “Most diagnostic work occurs in your history taking,” he explains. Such a diary, says the doctor, will show an accurate picture of a patient’s caloric intake. “It’s important to see, in that history taking, how many calories they’re actually burning.” Some important questions Fabius and other practitioners ask as they’re reviewing a patient’s caloric record keeping are: Is the patient taking in enough calories? If so, is the patient still losing weight? Is there an appetite? “If a patient is meeting or exceeding their caloric needs,” says Fabius, “that’s going to make me suspect hyperthyroidism or a malabsorption syndrome.”
Weight-loss surgery may be an option if you are very obese and have not been able to lose weight through diet and exercise. However, these surgeries are not a “quick fix” for obesity. You must still be committed to diet and exercise after the surgery. Talk to your doctor to learn if this is a good option for you.
The study adds to evidence that while Americans are living longer these days, they may be living sicker. The 2012 America’s Health Rankings reported upticks in risk factors that drive chronic diseases, such as obesity and inactivity.
Under-nutrition and obesity often exist side-by-side within the same country, the same community and even within the same household and this double burden is caused by inadequate pre-natal, infant and young child nutrition followed by exposure to high-fat, energy-dense, micronutrient-poor foods and lack of physical activity.
Literally. The more flexible you are, the more you will enjoy any physical activity you do and the less chance you’ll have of hurting yourself, says Rami Aboumahadi, a nationally certified personal trainer. And at 60+, a less active lifestyle and an increase in aches and pains can make your flexibility plummet. Consider taking a yoga class or even simply adding a few stretches to your day, particularly after you’ve taken a walk or warmed up your muscles in some other way. Get started with these 6 feel-good yoga stretches.
Mirtazapine (Remeron), a serotonin antagonist used to treat depression, has gained interest as a possible treatment for unintentional weight loss in older patients because 12% of patients who take this drug for depression report weight gain.36 Although no literature exists to support its use for unintentional weight loss, mirtazapine may be an option for older patients with depression who also have unintentional weight loss. Because dizziness and orthostatic hypotension are possible adverse effects of mirtazapine, caution is warranted in patients at risk of falls.36,37
For the better part of 71 years, Joe Acosta ate what he wanted or what his wife prepared for him – often, large portions of fried foods. As a result, he carried 30-some pounds of extra weight and flirted with diabetes. “I was having problems watching what I put in my body,” says Acosta, a retired U.S. Postal Service employee in Brooklyn, New York.
But research shows that other factors can correlate with excessive weight gain, too. Obese boomers are about half as likely to have a college degree as boomers who are at a healthy weight, according to the UCLA data. They are more likely to be low-income and less likely to own their own homes. And they’re 35 percent more likely to smoke.
For most individuals who are mildly obese, these behavior modifications entail life-style changes they can make independently while being supervised by a family physician. Other mildly obese persons may seek the help of a commercial weight-loss program (e.g., Weight Watchers). The effectiveness of these is difficult to assess, since programs vary widely, drop-out rates are high, and few employ members of the medical community. However, programs that emphasize realistic goals, gradual progress, sensible eating, and exercise can be very helpful and are recommended by many doctors. Programs that promise instant weight loss or feature severely restricted diets are not effective and, in some cases, can be dangerous.
Their results showed that people born between 1966 and 1985 became obese at a much faster rate than people born in previous generations. Researchers found that 20% of people born in 1966-1985 were obese by 20-29 years of age. That prevalence of obesity was not reached until ages 50-59 for people born in 1926-1935 and until ages 40-49 for people born a decade later.

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Instead, dropping pounds can often feel harder than ever. After all, that stiff back that keeps you from bounding out of bed in the morning can make it less inspiring to go to the gym, a busy schedule can prompt you to eat on the run, and those 10 pounds you gained in your 40s can become an extra 20 pounds in your 50s and, well, you get the idea. (Want to lose weight but are short on time? Then check out Fit in 10, the new fitness program that only takes 10 minutes.)
Try to focus on balance exercising – there’s lots of help available on line with certain routines you can do. If you’d prefer the safety of a class, tai chi is slow moving but focused on balance and is very popular with seniors.
Jump up ^ Great Britain Parliament House of Commons Health Committee (May 2004). Obesity – Volume 1 – HCP 23-I, Third Report of session 2003–04. Report, together with formal minutes. London: TSO (The Stationery Office). ISBN 978-0-215-01737-6. Retrieved 2007-12-17.
The NIDDK also plays a leading role in the NIH Obesity Research Task Force, which organizes scientific meetings and seminars, engages in strategic planning for NIH obesity research, and promotes and coordinates collaborative research efforts across the NIH.
Physiological influences: Some researchers believe that every person has a predetermined weight that the body resists moving away from. Also, people of the same age, sex and body size often have different metabolic rates. This means their bodies burn food differently. Someone with a low metabolic rate may require fewer calories to maintain approximately the same weight as someone whose metabolic rate is high.
CDC recommends that health professionals use BMI percentile when measuring the bodies of children and young people aged 2 to 20 years. BMI percentile takes into account that young people are still growing and are growing at different rates depending on their age and sex. Health professionals use growth charts to determine whether a young person’s weight falls into a healthy range for his or her height, age, and sex.
The bottom line is that you burn fewer calories in your 50s, 60s, or 70s doing the same activities, and the same number of them, that you did in your 20s, 30s, or 40s. The key to preventing weight gain is to compensate by adjusting your food intake, exercising, and generally becoming more physically active.
If you have osteoarthritis, losing weight may help improve your symptoms. Research also shows that exercise is one of the best treatments for osteoarthritis. Exercise can improve mood, decrease pain, and increase flexibility.
“In older, obese people, it may be more important to improve physical function and quality of life, rather than to reverse or treat risk factors for cardiovascular disease,” says Villareal, now chief of geriatrics at the New Mexico Veterans Affairs Health Care System and professor of medicine at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine, both in Albuquerque. “Combining exercise and weight loss isn’t designed so much to extend their life expectancy as it is to improve their quality of life during their remaining years and to help seniors avoid being admitted to a nursing home.”
The clinical consequences of involuntary weight loss include functional decline, infections, decubitus ulcers, exacerbation of cognitive and mood disorders, and increased use of acute and long-term care facilities.4 Mechanisms for involuntary weight loss can include decreased intake, accelerated metabolism and increased caloric loss in urine or stool.5
Cornish J, Callon KE, Bava U, Lin C, Naot D, Hill BL, Grey AB, Broom N, Myers DE, Nicholson GC, Reid IR. Leptin directly regulates bone cell function in vitro and reduces bone fragility in vivo. J Endocrinol. 2002;175:405–415. [PubMed]
Unintentional weight loss is defined as an involuntary decline in body mass, usually occurring over a relatively short period of time. The condition is quite common among elderly adults, particularly those over 70 years of age. Seniors who experience this form of weight loss lose some of their ability to function independently, see a reduction in quality of life and have an increased risk of mortality. Unintentional weight loss can result from a variety of conditions, with physical, mental, emotional and social factors playing potential roles. Up to 25 percent of cases among the elderly have no identifiable cause.
For Amy Campbell, a registered dietitian and diabetes educator, the DASH, TLC and Mediterranean diets stood out as smart choices for older adults, because they’re good for weight loss as well as controlling conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure.
Eating oatmeal for breakfast is heart healthy, filling, and satisfying. In addition to lowering and maintaining healthy cholesterol, oatmeal is packed full of fiber, which keeps your bathroom schedule regular and promotes weight loss. Mix up the flavors by adding different fruits, nuts and spices for variety.
During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance obesity was often seen as a sign of wealth, and was relatively common among the elite: The Tuscan General Alessandro del Borro, attributed to Charles Mellin, 1645[190]
Building on the above point, reduce your dog’s food meal portion size. Weigh your dog the day you start and again in two weeks. If she has not lost any weight, reduce the food some more. You can continue to gradually reduce her food until you see a difference on the scale, then continue feeding that amount.
Kidney cancer: People who are overweight or obese are nearly twice as likely as normal-weight people to develop renal cell cancer, the most common form of kidney cancer (13). The association of renal cell cancer with obesity is independent of its association with high blood pressure, a known risk factor for kidney cancer (14).
(CBS/AP) Baby boomers fear dying from cancer, or losing their memory from Alzheimer’s as they age. What they should be worrying about is their growing waist lines, as the generation’s obesity problem can cause serious health risks and take a toll on the U.S. healthcare system in the not-so-distant future.
Jump up ^ Munger KL, Chitnis T, Ascherio A (2009). “Body size and risk of MS in two cohorts of US women”. Neurology (Comparative Study). 73 (19): 1543–50. doi:10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181c0d6e0. PMC 2777074 . PMID 19901245.
In other words, most of our life-threatening health problems are associated with excess weight. Shedding those extra pounds will not only help you look good, more importantly, it will help prevent serious medical conditions.
The Senior List® is a lifestyle brand focused on the needs of boomers and seniors across the U.S. and Canada. We’re a community site where consumers discover the latest technology for aging adults, and engage in discussions about caregiving and more…
Your doctor will ask about your eating and physical activity habits, family history, and will see if you have other risk factors Your doctor may ask if you have any other signs or symptoms. This information can help determine if you have other conditions that may be causing you to be overweight or obese or if you have complications from being overweight or obese.
Being underweight can be especially serious for older people. It increases your risk of health problems, including bone fracture if you fall. It weakens your immune system, leaving you more susceptible to infections, and it increases your risk of being deficient in important nutrients such as vitamins and minerals.
Weight control and complementary health practices: What the science says. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. http://nccih.nih.gov/health/providers/digest/weightloss-science. Accessed March 9, 2015.
Respiratory problems. In obese patients, lungs decrease in size. Both the increased weight on the chest wall of obese patients and the difficulty they experience in lifting the heavy wall may contribute to difficulty in breathing (Wallace, Schulte, Nakeeb, & Andris, 2003). Obesity is known to induce respiratory mechanical impairment that may be combined with abnormalities in gas exchange (Zerah et al., 1993). In the obese elderly, these changes are accentuated by changes in the lung structure and function associated with normal aging. These changes in the lungs include decreased alveolar surface available for gas exchange, increased chest wall stiffness, and stiffening of the elastin and the collagen tissue supporting the lungs (Tabloski, 2006). The mass loading of the ventilator system induced by obesity alters the static balance within the respiratory system. Obese older patients often have a reduced respiratory efficiency that can reach the point of respiratory insufficiency in the presence of cardiovascular insufficiency of various degrees. The natural decrease in respiratory function in older patients exacerbates the decrease caused by obesity which may in turn lead to an increase in the sleep apnea syndrome, which, in these patients, is related to a greater risk of developing hallucinatory and cognitive disorders caused by hypoxia during sleep (Donini et al., 2006).
This fact sheet tells you more about the links between excess weight and many health conditions. It also explains how reaching and maintaining a normal weight may help you and your loved ones stay healthier as you grow older.
^ Jump up to: a b c d Poulain M, Doucet M, Major GC, Drapeau V, Sériès F, Boulet LP, Tremblay A, Maltais F (April 2006). “The effect of obesity on chronic respiratory diseases: pathophysiology and therapeutic strategies”. CMAJ. 174 (9): 1293–99. doi:10.1503/cmaj.051299. PMC 1435949 . PMID 16636330.
Cancer. Obesity has been linked to cancer of the colon in men and women, cancer of the rectum and prostate in men, and cancer of the gallbladder and uterus in women. Obesity may also be associated with breast cancer, particularly in postmenopausal women. Fat tissue is important in the production of estrogen, and prolonged exposure to high levels of estrogen increases the risk of breast cancer.
Body weight is directly associated with various cardiovascular risk factors. As BMI increases, so do blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or “bad”) cholesterol, triglycerides, blood sugar, and inflammation. These changes translate into increased risk for coronary heart disease, stroke, and cardiovascular death:
Kelly KR, Haus JM, Solomon TPJ, Patrick-Melin AJ, Cook M, Rocco M, Barkoukis H, Kirwan JP. A low-glycemic index diet and exercise intervention reduces TNF(alpha) in isolated mononuclear cells of older, obese adults. J Nutr. 2011;141:1089–1094. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
You know that muscle mass decreases with age. (At age 50, you’ve got about 20% less muscle mass than you did when you were 20, and unfortunately it only goes downhill from there.) You also know that muscle loss equals a slower metabolism, which explains why you’re more likely to put on (and hold on to) those extra pounds that seem to creep up with every birthday. But there is something you can do about it: lift weights.
Another prospective trial randomized 29 dieticians to the provision of usual nutritional care or a new medical nutritional therapy protocol for prevention and treatment of unexplained weight loss among long-term care residents.19 The new protocol emphasized assessment; intervention (including weighing frequency); communication with staff, medical doctor, family and resident; and reassessment. Fourteen out of 364 residents (4%) admitted with significant pre-existing weight loss were successfully treated within 90 days after admission. Dieticians in both groups were equally successful at treating pre-existing weight loss when it was identified. Differences were found in nutritional care activities. Dieticians providing the new protocol reported more nutritional assessment activities, whereas dieticians providing usual care reported more interventional activities.
Jump up ^ Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Johnson CL (October 2002). “Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999–2000”. JAMA. 288 (14): 1723–27. doi:10.1001/jama.288.14.1723. PMID 12365955.
The initial goal of weight-loss therapy should be to reduce body weight by about 10 percent from baseline. For the first six months, weight loss should be approximately one to two pounds per week. If necessary, the patient can continue to lose more weight.

“obesity definition counter argument +weight loss in senior horses”

For the 35 percent of American adults who do daily battle with obesity, the main causes of their condition are all too familiar: an unhealthy diet, a sedentary lifestyle and perhaps some unlucky genes. In recent years, however, researchers have become increasingly convinced that important hidden players literally lurk in human bowels: billions on billions of gut microbes.
This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do up ^ Wells JC (2009). “Thrift: A guide to thrifty genes, thrifty phenotypes and thrifty norms”. International Journal of Obesity (Review). 33 (12): 1331–38. doi:10.1038/ijo.2009.175. PMID 19752875.
Obesity has also been clearly linked to a lesser overall quality of life, which is of particular concern to the aging adult. Seniors can already be plagued by multiple conditions that decrease their quality of life, and obesity only adds another burden.
Additionally, drugs have side effects, some quite serious, such as insomnia, nervousness, depression, high blood pressure and rapid heartbeat. Fen-phen had to be withdrawn by the Food and Drug Administration because it caused dangerous complications, including heart problems and pulmonary hypertension. However, there are real alternative diet aids that offer real benefits without any risks.
^ Jump up to: a b Luppino, FS; de Wit, LM; Bouvy, PF; Stijnen, T; Cuijpers, P; Penninx, BW; Zitman, FG (March 2010). “Overweight, obesity, and depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies”. Archives of General Psychiatry. 67 (3): 220–29. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.2. PMID 20194822.
It is important to note that Qsymia can lead to birth defects, and it is important for women to know that they are not pregnant before starting the medication. Other possible serious side effects include increased heart rate, eye problems (glaucoma), and suicidal thoughts. In patients with diabetes, low blood sugar was also a concern when taking Qsymia.
Babies of overweight or obese mothers are at an increased risk of being born too soon, being stillborn (dead in the womb after 20 weeks of pregnancy), and having neural tube defects (defects of the brain and spinal cord).
Body weight is directly associated with various cardiovascular risk factors. As BMI increases, so do blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or “bad”) cholesterol, triglycerides, blood sugar, and inflammation. These changes translate into increased risk for coronary heart disease, stroke, and cardiovascular death:
Found your 10 minute walk/rest for 10 minute plan which I use to finish my 45 min workout. As an ex college and pro football player my knees are shot and one has been replaced so far so I have to walk fast on incline. Started 3 weeks ago 5 days a week but no change yet but I know how these things take time. The holidays don’t help but New Years is tomorrow so come next Monday I plan to get real serious on a 40 lb weight loss. Any other suggestions? I’m 280 now at about 6’1 but in pretty good shape except for this guy I want to get rid of.
At a moment when many of his former voters believe that America is facing a genuine democratic crisis, former President Barack Obama has been largely silent about what is happening in American politics. Other than a handful of appearances—an interview with David Letterman in a new Netflix show, or an oral history project at MIT—he insists on following protocol and tradition for former presidents, resisting the temptation to jump back into the political fray.
The weight-loss program should be directed toward a slow, steady weight loss unless your doctor feels your health condition would benefit from more rapid weight loss. Expect to lose only about a pound a week after the first week or two. With many calorie-restricted diets there is an initial rapid weight loss during the first one to two weeks, but this loss is largely fluid.
Including calisthenic exercises such as sit-ups, push-ups, and pull-ups is an option, but excess bodyweight significantly limits the number of repetitions that overweight or obese clients can perform. Therefore, these activities may limit improvement and be embarrassing for them to attempt. Designing programs that include the use of machines or free-weight equipment may avoid this problem, because resistance loads can be easily adjusted to match each client’s strength level. For example, the free-weight bench press works the same muscles as push-ups do, and the weight-assisted chin and dip machine is nearly identical to pull-ups in its effect on the muscles worked. Although your client may not have the strength to complete push-ups or pull-ups, load assignments in the bench press and weight-assisted chin and dip machine, respectively, can be reduced enough to enable him or her to perform the 8 to 12 reps recommended in chapter 4.
Checking for other health problems. If you have known health problems, your doctor will evaluate them. Your doctor will also check for other possible health problems, such as high blood pressure and diabetes.
Here’s the good news: Losing just 10% of your excess weight can reduce your chances of developing heart disease. If you are severely overweight and lose more than that, the benefits to your cardiovascular health increase considerably.
Once considered a problem only of high-income countries, obesity rates are rising worldwide and affecting both the developed and developing world.[44] These increases have been felt most dramatically in urban settings.[183] The only remaining region of the world where obesity is not common is sub-Saharan Africa.[2]