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Acupressure and acupuncture can also suppress food cravings. Visualization and meditation can create and reinforce a positive self-image that enhances the patient’s determination to lose weight. By improving physical strength, mental concentration, and emotional serenity, yoga can provide the same benefits. Also, patients who play soft, slow music during meals often find that they eat less food but enjoy it more.
There are many risk factors for overweight and obesity. Some risk factors can be changed, such as unhealthy lifestyle habits and environments. Other risk factors, such as age, family history and genetics, race and ethnicity, and sex, cannot be changed. Heathy lifestyle changes can decrease your risk for developing overweight and obesity.
Fortunately, there are lots of weight-loss options available for boomers, and all the good ones revolve around an age-old formula for shedding pounds: eating less and exercising more. That’s something any generation can get behind.
Structure House offered me the opportunity to leave my chaotic world of eating and go to a safe place to build new habits that would last a lifetime. An initial four week stay and two additional visits over a one year period helped me to lose 170 pounds and learn lifelong habits to continue being healthy.    
We stimulate high-impact research. Our NHLBI Obesity Research continues discovering new insights about obesity that can lead to improved health care, practices, and policies to prevent or treat obesity and its heart, lung, and sleep consequences and translating research into practical strategies and tools for clinicians, patients, and the general public. Our Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) Program includes participants with overweight and obesity, which may help us understand how genes contribute to overweight and obesity. The NHLBI Strategic Vision highlights ways we may support research over the next decade, including new efforts for overweight and obesity.
All weight-loss programs require changes in your eating habits and increased physical activity. The treatment methods that are right for you depend on your level of obesity, your overall health and your willingness to participate in your weight-loss plan.
Jump up ^ Calle EE, Thun MJ, Petrelli JM, Rodriguez C, Heath CW (October 1999). “Body-mass index and mortality in a prospective cohort of U.S. adults”. N. Engl. J. Med. 341 (15): 1097–105. doi:10.1056/NEJM199910073411501. PMID 10511607.
Although many cognitive-behavioral programs have been found to help people with arthritis manage their chronic The Arthritis Self-Management Course, designed by a nurse and endorsed by the Arthritis Foundation, has been the most successful (Lorig, 2006). Nurses can make referrals to this program, or become self-management course leaders. Many of the interventions described in the upcoming section on Interventions for Obesity in Older Adults also apply to those having OA. 
Perhaps more worrisome was the level of mobility problems they found. In 2010, a greater proportion than in 1997 told interviewers that they had difficulty with at least one of nine physical functions examined. Specifically, about 40 percent of the respondents said that a health problem made it difficult for them to kneel or stoop; stand for two hours; walk one-quarter mile; climb 10 steps without resting; sit for two hours; lift and carry 10 pounds; reach over the head; push or pull a large object; or grasp small objects.
Enlisting support. Get your family and friends on board with your weight-loss goals. Surround yourself with people who will support you and help you, not sabotage your efforts. Make sure they understand how important weight loss is to your health. You might also want to join a weight-loss support group.
In fact, McDonald’s has quietly been making healthy changes for years, shrinking portion sizes, reducing some fats, trimming average salt content by more than 10 percent in the past couple of years alone, and adding fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy, and oatmeal to its menu. In May, the chain dropped its Angus third-pounders and announced a new line of quarter-pound burgers, to be served on buns containing whole grains. Outside the core fast-food customer base, Americans are becoming more health-conscious. Public backlash against fast food could lead to regulatory efforts, and in any case, the fast-food industry has every incentive to maintain broad appeal. “We think a lot about how we can bring nutritionally balanced meals that include enough protein, along with the tastes and satisfaction that have an appetite-tiding effect,” said Barbara Booth, the company’s director of sensory science.
Jump up ^ Johnston, Bradley C.; Kanters, Steve; Bandayrel, Kristofer; Wu, Ping; Naji, Faysal; Siemieniuk, Reed A.; Ball, Geoff D. C.; Busse, Jason W.; Thorlund, Kristian; Guyatt, Gordon; Jansen, Jeroen P.; Mills, Edward J. (3 September 2014). “Comparison of Weight Loss Among Named Diet Programs in Overweight and Obese Adults”. JAMA. 312 (9): 923–33. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.10397. PMID 25182101.
A modified diet. A reasonable weight loss goal is 1 to 2 pounds per week. This can usually be achieved by eating 500 to 1,000 fewer calories each day. Whether you concentrate on eating less fat or fewer carbohydrates is up to you. Fats have more than twice as many calories per ounce than carbohydrates or protein. If you cut out carbohydrates, you still need to limit fat intake. Choose healthy fats, such as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated oils.
The arcuate nucleus contains two distinct groups of neurons.[148] The first group coexpresses neuropeptide Y (NPY) and agouti-related peptide (AgRP) and has stimulatory inputs to the LH and inhibitory inputs to the VMH. The second group coexpresses pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) and cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) and has stimulatory inputs to the VMH and inhibitory inputs to the LH. Consequently, NPY/AgRP neurons stimulate feeding and inhibit satiety, while POMC/CART neurons stimulate satiety and inhibit feeding. Both groups of arcuate nucleus neurons are regulated in part by leptin. Leptin inhibits the NPY/AgRP group while stimulating the POMC/CART group. Thus a deficiency in leptin signaling, either via leptin deficiency or leptin resistance, leads to overfeeding and may account for some genetic and acquired forms of obesity.[148]
Weight loss surgery can help people lose large amounts of weight. But it’s not right for everyone, and it does have risks. You won’t be able to eat like you used to, you might need to take vitamins to meet your nutritional needs, and you’ll need to work on diet and exercise to keep up the results.
Treatment for sleep apnea usually includes the use of mechanical ventilation devices to keep the airway open by delivering continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP).
45. Larrieu S, Pérès K, Letenneur L, Berr C, Dartigues JF, Ritchie K, Février B, Alpérovitch A, Barberger-Gateau P: Relationship between body mass index and different domains of disability in older persons: the 3C study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004; 28: 1555– 1560 [PubMed]

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BMI is a calculated value and approximates the body’s fat percentage. Actually measuring a person’s body fat percentage is not easy and is often inaccurate if the methods are not monitored carefully. The following methods require special equipment, trained personnel, can be costly, and some are only available in certain research facilities.

Given that many older adults suffer from obesity, you will likely have some of these clients coming to you for help in losing fat and increasing muscle mass and strength. Of course, strength training along with sensible eating can be instrumental in bringing about desired changes in overall body composition. Using the workouts in chapter 4, you can easily adjust training loads or resistances to match current strength levels while selecting exercises that can be performed safely on sturdy and properly sized machine and free-weight equipment.

Involuntary weight loss is a predictor of mortality. Studies report that 9% to 38% of people die within 1 to 2½ years following weight loss.1,2 Increased hospitalizations, in-hospital complications, increased risk for institutionalization, increased comorbidities, delayed recovery from injury, delayed wound healing, increased falls, decreased functional abilities, and an overall poorer quality of life are consequences of involuntary weight loss.2,3,8 Mortality is 4 times higher for those with a 5% weight loss within 1 month.6

Deloitte has centered on two key areas where it can leverage its strengths as a business service provider to have a positive impact for the long term on the communities in which it operates: education and workforce development.

According to an article in Annals of Pharmacotherapy, some medications cause weight gain. “Clinically significant weight gain is associated with some commonly prescribed medicines. There is wide interindividual variation in response and variation of the degree of weight gain within drug classes. Where possible, alternative therapy should be selected, especially for individuals predisposed to overweight and obesity.” (The Annals of Pharmacotherapy: Vol. 39, No. 12, pp. 2046-2054. DOI 10.1345/aph.1G33)

You can use a measurement called a body mass index, or BMI, along with your waist size , to decide whether your weight is dangerous to your health. The BMI is a combination of your height and weight. If you have a BMI of 30 or higher, unhealthy eating patterns, and too little physical activity, your extra weight is putting your health in danger.

Allopurinol, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, antibiotics, anticholinergics, antihistamines, calcium channel blockers, levodopa, propranolol, selegiline (Eldypryl), spironolactone (Aldactone)

Eating a daily salad ensures that you get at least a few servings of vegetables in your diet. There are so many variations on salads that use both cooked and raw vegetables that it’s easy to have a different salad every day of the week. Be careful when adding dressing since they are often full of salt and calories from fat.

In an article published in JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association), the authors said they found that regions in the brain that regulate appetite became active when people consumed glucose, but remained inactive when they ingested fructose. When those regions become active, they release hormones that produce feelings of satiety (fullness) – in other words, the hormones tell you to stop eating.

Two investigators (S.S. and E.M.A or J.H-L) then independently reviewed all retrieved full-text articles to confirm inclusion criteria were met. A third reviewer (S.S., E.M.A or J.H-L) resolved disagreements. Using a standardized data abstraction sheet, information was extracted that was pertinent to the study design, study population and size, clinical setting, outcomes and results. A meta-analysis was not conducted because of clinical heterogeneity among included articles. Instead, a summary of data is presented.

Being overweight increases a person’s risk of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, certain cancers, and other serious medical conditions that impact quality of life and have substantial economic consequences for our healthcare system. The increasing prevalence of overweight and obese children and adults is a serious concern for Texas.

Compared with normal-weight adults, obese adults had at least 20% signifi­cantly higher rate dying of all-cause or cardiovas­cular disease CVD. These rates advanced death by 3.7 years (grades II and III obesity) for all-cause mortality and between 1.6 (grade I obesity) and 5.0 years (grade III obesity) for CVD-specific mortality.B

The prevalence of obesity in men is nearly double, with 18.3% of Generation X males obese compared to 9.4% of Baby Boomers at the same age. The gap is not as profound for women, with 12.7% of Generation X females classified as obese compared to 10.7% of Baby Boomers at the same age.

“You have to change the entire food system and you can’t do that overnight,” said Dr. Cecilia Castillo Lancellotti, former head of nutrition at the country’s Health Ministry and an early proponent of the legislation.

Jump up ^ Yach D, Stuckler D, Brownell KD (January 2006). “Epidemiologic and economic consequences of the global epidemics of obesity and diabetes”. Nat. Med. 12 (1): 62–66. doi:10.1038/nm0106-62. PMID 16397571.

Acute  stress and chronic stress affect the brain and trigger the production of hormones, such as cortisol, that control our energy balances and hunger urges. Acute stress can trigger hormone changes that make you not want to eat. If the stress becomes chronic, hormone changes can make you eat more and store more fat.

Author familyhealthtodayPosted on November 19, 2016Categories HEART HEALTH, LONGEVITY, PREDIABETES/DIABETES, WEIGHT LOSSTags baby bommers health, baby boomer diabesity, baby boomer fitness, baby boomer health, baby boomer health concerns, baby boomer health issues, baby boomer wellness, baby boomers diabesity, baby boomers fitness, baby boomers health, baby boomers health concerns, baby boomers health issues, baby boomers wellness, blood glucose, breast health, diabesity, diabetes, healthy, healthy life, optimal health, prediabetes

Compete blood count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein level, serum glucose level, thyroid-stimulating hormone level, urinalysis, age-appropriate cancer screening, chest radiography, abdominal ultrasonography

Jump up ^ Tate DF, Jeffery RW, Sherwood NE, Wing RR (1 April 2007). “Long-term weight losses associated with prescription of higher physical activity goals. Are higher levels of physical activity protective against weight regain?”. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (Randomized Controlled Trial). 85 (4): 954–59. doi:10.1093/ajcn/85.4.954. PMID 17413092.

The researchers wanted to see what combination of exercise, along with dieting for weight loss, might be best. They randomly assigned 160 obese and sedentary adults, age 65 or older, to one of four groups: weight loss and aerobic training; weight loss and resistance training; or weight loss and a combination of both types of exercise. The fourth group served as controls and didn’t exercise or try to lose weight.

33. Mathey MF, Siebelink E, de Graaf C, et al. Flavor enhancement of food improves dietary intake and nutritional status of elderly nursing home residents. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2001;56(4):M200–M205.

“Job strain occurs when people experience high demands and low control in their jobs. My research has shown that females are more likely to experience this type of work stress, and Gen X has a significantly higher risk. This is a concern given the known association between high job strain, coronary heart disease, metabolic syndrome, obesity, and type 2 diabetes,” she says.

To find out how boomers’ health compared to that of previous generations, King and his team compared data from a government survey of health and nutrition collected from 2007 to 2010 for baby boomers and from 1988 and 1994 that measured the health of their parents’ generation. Participants were matched based on their ages when the surveys were collected, with an average age of about 54 years.

“With this new study, we will be able to discern whether a shift in disability is due to a change in physical or cognitive capacity or to changes in the accommodations people make,” explained Freedman. The accommodations measured include behavior changes (such as bathing less often), asking someone for help, and using assistive devices and home modifications (a bath seat, for example). Among the goals, she said, is to identify the ways people adapt to disabilities that allow them to remain independent as long as possible.

Klein, S., et al. “Clinical Implications of Obesity With Specific Focus on Cardiovascular Disease: A Statement for Professionals From the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism: Endorsed by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.” Circulation 110.18 (2004): 2952-2967.

A new generation of business, social, and policy entrepreneurs is rising to further cater to these tastes, and to challenge Big Food. Silicon Valley, where tomorrow’s entrepreneurial and social trends are forged, has spawned a small ecosystem of wholesome-friendly venture-capital firms (Physic Ventures, for example), business accelerators (Local Food Lab), and Web sites (Edible Startups) to fund, nurture, and keep tabs on young companies such as blissmo (a wholesome-food-of-the-month club), Mile High Organics (online wholesome-food shopping), and Wholeshare (group wholesome-food purchasing), all designed to help reacquaint Americans with the simpler eating habits of yesteryear.

Inflammatory cytokines, including tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1 β and interleukin-6 have been implicated in cachexia and weight loss.1 Historically termed cachectin, TNF-α is considered one of the more prominent cytokines and is thought to be a primary mediator of the muscle wasting of cachexia; it is also believed to act synergistically with interleukin-1 β to promote cachexia.1 Cytokines may act both centrally, by inhibiting feeding behaviour, and peripherally, by decreasing gastric motility, gastric emptying and intestinal motility and by modifying gastric secretion.1 Tumour necrosis factor-α levels are elevated in several human disease states associated with cachexia and weight loss, including malignancy, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, heart failure, rheumatoid arthritis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.1

The initial treatment goal is usually a modest weight loss — 3 to 5 percent of your total weight. That means that if you weigh 200 pounds (91 kg) and are obese by BMI standards, you would need to lose only about 6 to 10 pounds (2.7 to 4.5 kg) for your health to begin to improve. However, the more weight you lose, the greater the benefits.

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Adapted with permission from The clinical and cost-effectiveness of medical nutrition therapies: evidence and estimates of potential medical savings from the use of selected nutritional intervention. June 1996. Summary report prepared for the Nutrition Screening Initiative, a project of the American Academy of Family Physicians, the American Dietetic Association, and the National Council on Aging, Inc.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) being overweight or obese is largely preventable. To reach your ideal weight you must reach a balance of calories consumed and calories burned. According to WHO, in your diet you can:
My 46 year old dad has been over weight for about 11 years now due to excessive eating. He does play an older leage softball team and bowling but this has caused him pain in his fingers. He is trying to find a way to lose weight but without hurting his left knee which pops out at random times and is uncomfortable for him.
A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications of achondroplasia that need monitoring include (this is not all inclusive) stenosis and compression of the spinal cord, a large opening under the skull, lordosis, kyphosis, spinal stenosis, hydrocephalus, middle ear infections, obesity, and dental crowning. Achondroplasia is caused by mutations of the FGFR3 gene.
The local numbers parallel a dangerous national health trend: Obesity is growing particularly fast among the nation’s baby boomers, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, with roughly 30 percent of boomers falling into the obese category in 2012 compared with 24 percent a decade ago. CDC figures show that another 41 percent of boomers are overweight.
Building on the above point, reduce your dog’s food meal portion size. Weigh your dog the day you start and again in two weeks. If she has not lost any weight, reduce the food some more. You can continue to gradually reduce her food until you see a difference on the scale, then continue feeding that amount.
Gastric cardia cancer: People who are obese are nearly twice as likely as normal-weight people to develop cancer in the upper part of the stomach, that is, the part that is closest to the esophagus (10).
Ikramuddin, S., R.P. Blackstone, A. Brancatisano, et al. “Effect of reversible intermittent intra-abdominal vagal nerve blockade on morbid obesity: the ReCharge randomized clinical trial.” JAMA 312 (2014): 915.
Skin calipers: This method measures the skinfold thickness of the layer of fat just under the skin in several parts of the body with calipers (a metal tool similar to forceps); the results are then used to calculate the percentage of body fat.
To screen for overweight and obesity, doctors measure BMI using calculations that depend on whether you are a child or an adult. After reading the information below, talk to your doctor or your child’s doctor to determine if you or your child has a high or increasing BMI.
When a person’s heart beats, it creates a force to pump blood, pushing it against arterial walls. That force is called blood pressure. Low blood pressure helps the body function normally, but sustained high blood pressure can it in many ways. For one, it can lead to hardening of the arteries, which decreases the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart. When the heart isn’t receiving enough blood or oxygen, the risk for chest pain (angina), heart failure, or heart attack increases. High blood pressure is also a risk factor for kidney disease, aneurysms, and bursting or bleeding of blood vessels in the eyes, which can lead to vision changes or blindness. Your chances of having high blood pressure increase if you’re overweight or obese.

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Some studies show that even a weight loss of 3 percent in older adults may significantly improve inflammation, blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar. However, the senior’s doctor should be consulted before beginning any weight loss program. Here are some typical suggestions for planned weight loss:
Being overweight or obese can cause plaque to accumulate in your arteries. If that plaque breaks free from an artery, it can create a blood clot, and if that clot is close to your brain, it can prevent blood and oxygen from reaching your brain, causing a stroke. The risk of having a stroke corresponds to BMI: high BMI = high risk, and low BMI = low risk. That’s one more good reason for losing excess weight.
Villareal DT, Apovian CM, Kushner RF, Klein S. Obesity in older adults: technical review and position statement of the American Society for Nutrition and NAASO, The Obesity Society. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;82:923–934. [PubMed]
↑ TGs, ↓ HDL-C and norepinephrine and depressed sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems Co-morbid conditions See Obesity-related disease Management Diet–balanced hypocaloric or individualized, exercise, behavior modification, hypnosis, bariatric surgery, OTC appetite suppressants, prescription agents–eg, orlistat. See Abdominal obesity, Adipsin, Adult obesity, Body mass index, Central obesity, Childhood obesity, Diet, Eye-mouth gap, Gastric ‘balloon. ‘, Ideal weight, Morbid obesity, Orlistat, Secondary obesity, Superobesity, Upper body fat obesity.
The Pollanites seem confused about exactly what benefits their way of eating provides. All the railing about the fat, sugar, and salt engineered into industrial junk food might lead one to infer that wholesome food, having not been engineered, contains substantially less of them. But clearly you can take in obscene quantities of fat and problem carbs while eating wholesomely, and to judge by what’s sold at wholesome stores and restaurants, many people do. Indeed, the more converts and customers the wholesome-food movement’s purveyors seek, the stronger their incentive to emphasize foods that light up precisely the same pleasure centers as a 3 Musketeers bar. That just makes wholesome food stealthily obesogenic.
Erica Sanderson is a former content producer and editor for HealthCentral. Living with a chronic disorder that affects the lungs and instestine, Erica focused on covering digestive health and respiratory health. Topics included COPD, asthma, acid reflux, managing symptoms and medication.
You also need strength training activities at least two days a week, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Strength training will prevent you from losing muscle as you age. Get the full benefit of strength training by completing eight to 12 repetitions until it’s difficult to complete a repetition without getting help. Lifting weights, resistance bands, heavy gardening or yoga are examples of strength training activities for older women.
Also, our busy lives make it harder to plan and cook healthy meals. For many of us, it’s easier to reach for prepared foods, go out to eat, or go to the drive-through. But these foods are often high in saturated fat and calories. Portions are often too large. Work schedules, long commutes, and other commitments also cut into the time we have for physical activity.
Many people suffer from health issues due to their weight. Some people who need to lose weight for their health don’t recognize it, while others who don’t need to lose weight want to get thinner for cosmetic reasons.
Jump up ^ Neovius K, Johansson K, Kark M, Neovius M (January 2009). “Obesity status and sick leave: a systematic review”. Obes Rev (Review). 10 (1): 17–27. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00521.x. PMID 18778315.
Jump up ^ Pischon T, Boeing H, Hoffmann K, Bergmann M, Schulze MB, Overvad K, van der Schouw YT, Spencer E, Moons KG, Tjønneland A, et al. (November 2008). “General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe”. N. Engl. J. Med. 359 (20): 2105–20. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0801891. PMID 19005195.
Obesity is a topic of significant importance at medical schools and other programs for healthcare professionals. For example, Creighton University’s online Master of Public Health degree addresses the obesity epidemic, its consequences and treatment. The Creighton program provides students with the techniques and tools to have an effect on public health. The program also offers service-oriented concentrations, such as Public Health Services Administration, which provides leadership and management skills to promote public health and service the public.
For Amy Campbell, a registered dietitian and diabetes educator, the DASH, TLC and Mediterranean diets stood out as smart choices for older adults, because they’re good for weight loss as well as controlling conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure.
Exercise is important no matter the dog’s age. It might be difficult for your dog to get up and go for a walk if he is overweight and suffering from joint pains due to extra weight but every little counts. Even if you just play fetch for a few minutes, it have a positive effect on your dog’s journey to weight-loss.
The most obvious problem with the “let them eat kale” philosophy of affluent wholesome-food advocates involves the price and availability of wholesome food. Even if Whole Foods, Real Food Daily, or the Farmhouse weren’t three bus rides away for the working poor, and even if three ounces of Vegan Cheesy Salad Booster, a Sea Cake appetizer, and the vegetarian quiche weren’t laden with fat and problem carbs, few among them would be likely to shell out $5.99, $9.95, or $16, respectively, for those pricey treats.
Often, you’ll be able to find senior-focused classes offered at local swimming pools, but if not, even just starting off by walking around the pool and doing some mild stretches can make a huge differences.
Of course, if you don’t have a consistent weight training regimen, you’ll want to start slowly and lift light weights; this will give your body time to adapt without placing too much strain on your muscles or joints and help you avoid injury, says Huizenga. However, don’t get too comfortable with an easy resistance-training program. It is important to aim to gradually increase the amount of weight you lift. “It’s critical that significant resistance exercise be incorporated into any fat loss plan over age 60.” Once you can do 10 to 12 reps with, say, a 5-pound dumbbell and feel like you could keep going, it’s time to upgrade to an 8-pound weight, and so forth. “You know you’re lifting the right amount of weight if you can just barely make it to the end of your repetitions before needing to rest,” he says.
“Obesity has become the new smoking—it’s a major driver of ill health, with coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes highest on the list of preventable illnesses. Obesity also costs billions of dollars to our economy each year. Anything we can do to mitigate the damage being done to both generations of Australians by obesity will be hugely important for the future of our nation.”
The good news is that losing a small amount of weight can reduce your chances of developing heart disease or a stroke. Reducing your weight by 10% can decrease your chance of developing heart disease.
Studies find that the less people sleep, the more likely they are to be overweight or obese. People who report sleeping five hours a night, for example, are much more likely to become obese compared with people who sleep seven to eight hours a night.

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Omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA from fish itself, or fish oil supplements promote weight loss and will make your dog feel more satisfied. Omega-3s are also healthy for dogs in many other different ways and are particularly important for senior dogs.
Also, being overweight may result in an enlarged gallbladder that doesn’t function normally. An individual’s risk of many diseases increases with weight, so losing weight now through diet, exercise, a medical weight-loss program, or bariatric surgery translates into a lower risk for gallstones and gallbladder disease.
By all means, let’s protect the environment. But let’s not rule out the possibility of technologically enabled improvements to our diet—indeed, let’s not rule out any food—merely because we are pleased by images of pastoral family farms. Let’s first pick the foods that can most plausibly make us healthier, all things considered, and then figure out how to make them environmentally friendly.
Cancer. Obesity has been linked to cancer of the colon in men and women, cancer of the rectum and prostate in men, and cancer of the gallbladder and uterus in women. Obesity may also be associated with breast cancer, particularly in postmenopausal women. Fat tissue is important in the production of estrogen, and prolonged exposure to high levels of estrogen increases the risk of breast cancer.
In 1850, the average man had a normal body mass index (BMI) of 23. Fast forward to 2000, and the male frame elongated and ballooned to a BMI of 28.2, teetering on the brink of obesity [source: Kolata]. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), adults aged 40 to 59 — aka baby boomers — have the highest prevalence of obesity. Of that group, 40 percent of men and 41 percent of women were obese in 2007 [source: CDC]. Their parents, however, had a lower overall obesity rate.
Dougan MM, Hankinson SE, Vivo ID, et al. Prospective study of body size throughout the life-course and the incidence of endometrial cancer among premenopausal and postmenopausal women. International Journal of Cancer 2015; 137(3):625-37.
A sedentary lifestyle plays a significant role in obesity.[105] Worldwide there has been a large shift towards less physically demanding work,[106][107][108] and currently at least 30% of the world’s population gets insufficient exercise.[107] This is primarily due to increasing use of mechanized transportation and a greater prevalence of labor-saving technology in the home.[106][107][108] In children, there appear to be declines in levels of physical activity due to less walking and physical education.[109] World trends in active leisure time physical activity are less clear. The World Health Organization indicates people worldwide are taking up less active recreational pursuits, while a study from Finland[110] found an increase and a study from the United States found leisure-time physical activity has not changed significantly.[111] A 2011 review of physical activity in children found that it may not be a significant contributor.[112]
Obesity can lead to social stigmatization and disadvantages in employment.[200] When compared to their normal weight counterparts, obese workers on average have higher rates of absenteeism from work and take more disability leave, thus increasing costs for employers and decreasing productivity.[209] A study examining Duke University employees found that people with a BMI over 40 kg/m2 filed twice as many workers’ compensation claims as those whose BMI was 18.5–24.9 kg/m2. They also had more than 12 times as many lost work days. The most common injuries in this group were due to falls and lifting, thus affecting the lower extremities, wrists or hands, and backs.[210] The Alabama State Employees’ Insurance Board approved a controversial plan to charge obese workers $25 a month for health insurance that would otherwise be free unless they take steps to lose weight and improve their health. These measures started in January 2010 and apply to those state workers whose BMI exceeds 35 kg/m2 and who fail to make improvements in their health after one year.[211]
If you are unable to lose and keep it off on your own, research has shown patients to be more open to losing weight under a doctor’s supervision (6). Consider working with your primary care physician and asking for referrals to a dietitian, psychologist and even a personal trainer to assist in your efforts.
350 pounds is the maximum weight a standard hospital bed can handle, and there is no national census to increase the weight or offer additional beds for heavier patients. Because of the expensive costs of the equipment, staffing issues and increased health problems, assisted living communities and nursing homes rarely accept more than a few markedly obese patients.
The National Blueprint is available online in a printer-friendly version at . It is an excellent resource for clinical practice as well as for generating ideas and plans for community service opportunities (Flood & Newman, 2007).
Despite the positive effect of bariatric surgery on weight and obesity health problems, it is not the right solution for everyone.  In addition to preparing for and going through with surgery, big sacrifices must be made in life after weight loss surgery for patients to be successful.
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Jump up ^ Munger KL, Chitnis T, Ascherio A (2009). “Body size and risk of MS in two cohorts of US women”. Neurology (Comparative Study). 73 (19): 1543–50. doi:10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181c0d6e0. PMC 2777074 . PMID 19901245.

Obesity not only lowers a child’s quality of life during childhood, but overweight and obese children are likely to stay obese into adulthood and to develop obesity-related diseases such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease at a younger age.

Villareal, D., Apovian, C., Kushner, R., & Klein, S. (2005). Obesity in older adults: technical Review and position statement of the American Society for Nutrition and NAASO, The Obesity Society. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,82(5), 923-934. Retrieved October 19, 2008,from www.ajcn.org/cgi/content/full/82/5/923.

Author familyhealthtodayPosted on November 19, 2016Categories HEART HEALTH, LONGEVITY, PREDIABETES/DIABETES, WEIGHT LOSSTags baby bommers health, baby boomer diabesity, baby boomer fitness, baby boomer health, baby boomer health concerns, baby boomer health issues, baby boomer wellness, baby boomers diabesity, baby boomers fitness, baby boomers health, baby boomers health concerns, baby boomers health issues, baby boomers wellness, blood glucose, breast health, diabesity, diabetes, healthy, healthy life, optimal health, prediabetes

The next class (category) of drugs changes the metabolism of fat. Orlistat (Xenical, alli) is the only drug of this category that is U.S. FDA approved. This is a class of anti-obesity drugs called lipase inhibitors, or fat blockers. Fat from food can only be absorbed into the body after being broken up (a process called digestion) by digestive enzymes called lipases in the intestines. By inhibiting the action of lipase enzymes, orlistat prevents the intestinal absorption of fat by 30%. Drugs in this class do not affect brain chemistry. Theoretically, orlistat also should have minimal or no systemic side effects (side effects in other parts of the body) because the major locale of action is inside the gut lumen and very little of the drug is absorbed.

“Apple” shape. People whose weight is concentrated around their stomachs may be at greater risk of developing heart disease, diabetes, or cancer than people of the same weight who are “pear-shaped” (they carry their weight in their hips and buttocks).

The rapid rise in the incidence of obesity in the United States since 1990 has prompted researchers to look for new treatments. One approach involves the application of antidiabetes drugs to the treatment of obesity. Metformin (Glucophage), a drug that was approved by the Food and Dug Administration (FDA) in 1994 for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, shows promise in treating obesity associated with insulin resistance.

11. Von Muhlen D, Safii S, Jassal SK, Svartberg J, Barrett-Connor E: Associations between the metabolic syndrome and bone health in older men and women: the Rancho Bernardo Study. Osteoporos Int 2007; 18: 1337– 1344 [PubMed]

Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer and while it was once an issue only in high income countries, overweight and obesity has now dramatically risen in low- and middle-income countries.Such countries are now facing a “double burden” of disease, for while they continue to deal with the problems of infectious disease and under-nutrition, they are also experiencing a rapid upsurge in chronic disease risk factors such as obesity and overweight, particularly in urban settings.

The thrifty gene hypothesis postulates that, due to dietary scarcity during human evolution, people are prone to obesity. Their ability to take advantage of rare periods of abundance by storing energy as fat would be advantageous during times of varying food availability, and individuals with greater adipose reserves would be more likely to survive famine. This tendency to store fat, however, would be maladaptive in societies with stable food supplies.[126] This theory has received various criticisms, and other evolutionarily-based theories such as the drifty gene hypothesis and the thrifty phenotype hypothesis have also been proposed.[127][128]

Exercise is important no matter the dog’s age. It might be difficult for your dog to get up and go for a walk if he is overweight and suffering from joint pains due to extra weight but every little counts. Even if you just play fetch for a few minutes, it will have a positive effect on your dog’s journey to weight-loss.

There is controversy in regard to carbohydrates and weight loss. When carbohydrates are restricted, people often experience rapid initial weight loss within the first two weeks. This weight loss is due mainly to fluid loss. When carbohydrates are added back to the diet, weight gain often occurs, simply due to a regain of the fluid.

For example, obesity is associated with increased risks of treatment-related lymphedema in breast cancer survivors (39) and incontinence in prostate cancer survivors treated with radical prostatectomy (40). In a large clinical trial of patients with stage II and stage III rectal cancer, those with a higher baseline BMI (particularly men) had an increased risk of local recurrence (41). Death from multiple myeloma is 50% more likely for people at the highest levels of obesity compared with people at normal weight (42).

Jump up ^ Howard NJ, Taylor AW, Gill TK, Chittleborough CR (2008). “Severe obesity: Investigating the socio-demographics within the extremes of body mass index”. Obesity Research & Clinical Practice. 2 (1): I–II. doi:10.1016/j.orcp.2008.01.001. PMID 24351678.

Another great source for senior nutrition and weight loss is the National Institute of Health’s article, entitled Healthy Eating after 50, which provides answers to questions like, “How much food should I eat?” and “Should I cut back on salt or fat?” This article provides two optional meal plan ideas, and a guide for water, a guide for increasing fiber intake, and what to do if your senior is having problems with food intake.

The first step must be to evaluate each diet to confirm whether it is actually good for your health. There is little point in undertaking a diet which will allow you to eat all your favorite foods but will not make you any healthier. Once you have removed the diets which are not actually healthy your list will be much shorter.

Yet these hurdles can be waved away, if one only has the proper mind-set. Bittman argued two years ago in The Times that there’s no excuse for anyone, food-desert-bound or not, to eat fast food rather than wholesome food, because even if it’s not perfectly fresh and locally grown, lower-end wholesome food—when purchased judiciously at the supermarket and cooked at home—can be cheaper than fast food. Sure, there’s the matter of all the time, effort, schedule coordination, and ability it takes to shop, cook, serve, and clean up. But anyone who whines about that extra work, Bittman chided, just doesn’t want to give up their excessive TV watching. (An “important benefit of paying more for better-quality food is that you’re apt to eat less of it,” Pollan helpfully noted in his 2008 book, In Defense of Food.) It’s remarkable easy it is to remake the disadvantaged in one’s own image.

Your genes also may affect the amount of fat you store in your body and where on your body you carry the extra fat. Because families also share food and physical activity habits, a link exists between genes and the environment.

Obesity has been reported to be the single greatest cause of disability for seniors, and it’s expected to put a great strain on the U.S. healthcare system in the coming years. It can lead to heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and osteoarthritis, among other conditions and diseases. Experts consider obesity one of the greatest health challenges of the 21st century.

Association of obesity, high blood pressure and risk of disease of the blood vessels of the heart. NHLBI’s multigenerational landmark Framingham Heart Study found that obesity increases the risk for high blood pressure, as well as heart and cardiovascular diseases. Visit the Framingham Heart Study for more information about all research activities and advances from this study.

Other companies have embraced the logo system as a way to tout healthy offerings. Soprole, a Chilean dairy company, produced a commercial that features child newscasters explaining the label system in a way their peers can understand.

If you are Asian, your health may be at risk if you have a BMI of 27.5 or higher and you have unhealthy eating patterns and too little physical activity. Also, health problems are seen with a smaller waist size. In Asian women, a waist size of 32 in. (80 cm) or more raises the chance for disease. In Asian men, a waist size of 36 in. (90 cm) or more raises the chance for disease.2

Keep in mind that a good appetite does not rule out disease, because cats with certain conditions (e.g. hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, malnutrition from malabsorption or maldigestion, internal parasites, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, nonsuppurative cholangitis-cholangiohepatitis complex) may have a normal or increased appetite. And if an owner reports that the cat is interested in food but is unable or reluctant to eat, consider dental disease, oral or pharyngeal masses or foreign bodies, chronic gingivitis-stomatitis,1 or retrobulbar masses or abscesses.

20. Wei Hing, Young K. Responses to nutrition interventions aimed at increasing food intake in seniors with Alzheimer’s disease and their associations with body mass index, cognitive impairment and behavioral difficulties. Toronto (ON): University of Toronto; 2004

A recent study indicated that central obesity, assessed by several anthropometric indicators, is associated with the presence of erectile dysfunction in men >60 years, but not in younger men (42). Although age appeared to be the major determinant of erectile dysfunction in NHANES, obesity had an independent contributory effect, increasing the odds ratio for impotence by 1.6 (43). In a cross-sectional analysis of men >50 years of age in the U.S. Health Professionals’ Study, obesity independent of other confounding factors increased the risk of erectile dysfunction by 30% (44).

A rigorous inclusion criterion as described above was employed. Only randomized controlled trials with a minimum weight loss intervention of three months, and body composition measured by DXA, MRI, CT, or hydrostatic weighing were included. Studies which targeted specific chronic diseases or conditions (e.g. diabetes mellitus, osteoarthritis), were excluded.

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And study in a recent issue of the journal Demography–synthesizing the results of five national surveys—found increasing disability among those ages 55 to 64 between 2000 and 2008 (a group that included the oldest baby boomers).3 By contrast, disability levels continued to decline among the oldest Americans (ages 85 and older) and held steady among the elderly ages 65 to 84 during the same period, reported Vicki Freedman, a University of Michigan demographer and lead author.
Jump up ^ Tjepkema M (2005-07-06). “Measured Obesity–Adult obesity in Canada: Measured height and weight”. Nutrition: Findings from the Canadian Community Health Survey. Ottawa, Ontario: Statistics Canada.
Sense of thirst can decline with age, so drinking enough water is important for preventing dehydration. Fluids such as soda or fruit juice add a lot of calories, Campbell notes, and it’s not good for people with diabetes to drink juice all day. Instead, she suggests flavored water or water with a slice of lemon. She has good news for coffee and tea lovers: Caffeine is not as dehydrating as once thought.
Jump up ^ Ejerblad E, Fored CM, Lindblad P, Fryzek J, McLaughlin JK, Nyrén O (2006). “Obesity and risk for chronic renal failure”. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (Research Support). 17 (6): 1695–702. doi:10.1681/ASN.2005060638. PMID 16641153.
Table 1 summarizes the ten trials that met our inclusion criteria (Villareal 2006a; Villareal 2006b; Villareal 2008; Frimel 2008; Lambert 2008; Shah 2009; Villareal 2011a; Armamento-Villareal 2012; Shah 2011; Kelly 2011). Figure 2 is a schematic representation of the inter-relationships of the mechanisms discussed in these trials. Three papers by Villareal et al. (two in 2006 and one in 2008) reported on the same cohort of 27 participants. The participants were sedentary (≤ 2 exercise sessions per week); with stable body weight (± 2kg) during the preceding year; unchanged medications regimes for at least six months; and mild to moderate frailty as measured by the Physical Performance Test (Brown 2000). The intervention consisted of both diet and exercise (lifestyle intervention). Energy deficit was 500–700 kcal/day supplemented with a daily multivitamin and counseling to consume adequate dietary calcium and vitamin D. The goal was 10% weight loss over the six-month intervention and weight maintenance for an additional six months. Exercise sessions consisted of 90 minutes of aerobic and resistance exercises, three days per week, at a moderate intensity (~75% peak heart rate) and progressed to 80–90% of peak heart rate. Resistance exercise started at 65% of one repetition maximum (1RM) and progressed to ~80% of 1RM.
Some wholesome foodies openly celebrate fat and problem carbs, insisting that the lack of processing magically renders them healthy. In singing the praises of clotted cream and lard-loaded cookies, for instance, a recent Wall Street Journal article by Ron Rosenbaum explained that “eating basic, earthy, fatty foods isn’t just a supreme experience of the senses—it can actually be good for you,” and that it’s “too easy to conflate eating fatty food with eating industrial, oil-fried junk food.” That’s right, we wouldn’t want to make the same mistake that all the cells in our bodies make. Pollan himself makes it clear in his writing that he has little problem with fat—as long as it’s not in food “your great-grandmother wouldn’t recognize.”
The investigators used the Physical Performance Test, a test that evaluates an individual’s ability to perform tasks, such as walking 50 feet, putting on and removing a coat, standing up from a chair, picking up a penny, climbing a flight of stairs and lifting a book.
There is some debate, however, about whether it’s good for elderly people to lose weight, even if they are obese. Some studies have found an association between weight loss in seniors and mortality risk, but Villareal says many of those studies did not distinguish between voluntary weight loss and involuntary weight loss that may be related to illness.
Some people have tried combining more than one weight-loss drug or combining a weight-loss drug with other drugs for the purposes of losing weight. The safety and effectiveness of such drug “cocktails” is not known.
Jump up ^ McGreevy PD, Thomson PC, Pride C, Fawcett A, Grassi T, Jones B (May 2005). “Prevalence of obesity in dogs examined by Australian veterinary practices and the risk factors involved”. Vet. Rec. 156 (22): 695–702. doi:10.1136/vr.156.22.695. PMID 15923551.
Laparoscopic gastric banding—the surgeon places a band around the upper part of your stomach, creating a small pouch to hold food. The band limits the amount of food you can eat by making you feel full after eating small amounts of food.
Obesity is the most important risk factor for sleep apnea. A person who is overweight may have more fat stored around his or her neck. This may make the airway smaller. A smaller airway can make breathing difficult or loud (because of snoring), or breathing may stop altogether for short periods of time. In addition, fat stored in the neck and throughout the body may produce substances that cause inflammation. Inflammation in the neck is a risk factor for sleep apnea.
Diabetes does not occur without any warning signs. Before someone’s blood sugar raises to a diabetic level, they will first develop prediabetes, a condition where blood sugar is elevated, but not yet high enough to be considered diabetes. 86 million adults, or 37 percent of the adult population, have prediabetes. Prediabetes is largely influenced by weight and age, which, as described above, are both on the rise.

“obesity related diseases statistics +obesity has increased because it is common for”

Gaining weight as an adult increases the risk for several cancers, even if the weight gain doesn’t result in overweight or obesity. It isn’t known exactly how being overweight increases cancer risk. Fat cells may release hormones that affect cell growth, leading to cancer. Also, eating or physical activity habits that may lead to being overweight may also contribute to cancer risk.
Jump up ^ Corona, G; Rastrelli, G; Filippi, S; Vignozzi, L; Mannucci, E; Maggi, M (2014). “Erectile dysfunction and central obesity: an Italian perspective”. Asian Journal of Andrology. 16 (4): 581–91. doi:10.4103/1008-682X.126386. PMC 4104087 . PMID 24713832.
Choose a report:2018 Health of Women and Children Report2017 Annual Report2017 Health of Women Who Have Served2017 Senior Report2016 Annual Report2016 Health of Those Who Have Served Report2016 Health of Women and Children Report2016 Senior Report2015 Annual Report
The one fast-food restaurant near that busy East L.A. intersection otherwise filled with bodegas was a Carl’s Jr. I went in and saw that the biggest and most prominent posters in the store were pushing a new grilled-cod sandwich. It actually looked pretty good, but it wasn’t quite lunchtime, and I just wanted a cup of coffee. I went to the counter to order it, but before I could say anything, the cashier greeted me and asked, “Would you like to try our new Charbroiled Atlantic Cod Fish Sandwich today?” Oh, well, sure, why not? (I asked her to hold the tartar sauce, which is mostly fat, but found out later that the sandwich is normally served with about half as much tartar sauce as the notoriously fatty Filet-O-Fish sandwich at McDonald’s, where the fish is battered and fried.) The sandwich was delicious. It was less than half the cost of the Sea Cake appetizer at Real Food Daily. It took less than a minute to prepare. In some ways, it was the best meal I had in L.A., and it was probably the healthiest.
Previous research had indicated that an elevated BMI (Body Mass Index) at age 65 and older wouldn’t impact one’s lifespan and that it may actually extend it. But a new study has discovered the contrary, finding that, as obese Americans grow older, their risk of death grows greater.
Obesity, however, has many causes. The reasons for the imbalance between calorie intake and consumption vary by individual. Your age, gender, genes, makeup, socioeconomic, and environmental factors all may contribute.
Other companies have embraced the logo system as a way to tout healthy offerings. Soprole, a Chilean dairy company, produced a commercial that features child newscasters explaining the label system in a way their peers can understand.
Medications. Medications associated with weight gain include certain antidepressants (medications used in treating depression), anticonvulsants (medications used in controlling seizures such as carbamazepine [Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol] and valproate [Depacon, Depakene]), some diabetes medications (medications used in lowering blood sugar such as insulin, sulfonylureas, and thiazolidinediones), certain hormones such as oral contraceptives, and most corticosteroids such as prednisone. Weight gain may also be seen with some high blood pressure medications and antihistamines. The reason for the weight gain with the medications differs for each medication. If this is a concern for you, you should discuss your medications with your physician rather than discontinuing the medication, as this could have serious effects.
…high-calorie, processed food is less expensive and quicker to prepare than fresh fruits and vegetables. Poverty and lower levels of education have also been linked to obesity (NIH, 2006). It has been suggested that one reason why poverty and lower educational levels are risk factors for obesity is that high-calorie, processed food is less expensive and quicker to prepare than fresh fruits and vegetables (NIH, 2006). Through observation and the anecdotes patients have shared with me, I have come to believe the social environment indeed contributes to the increasing prevalence of obesity. To date, only a few research studies have focused on this factor.
The definition of obesity varies depending on what one reads. In general, overweight and obesity indicate a weight greater than what is considered healthy. Obesity is a chronic condition defined by an excess amount of body fat. A certain amount of body fat is necessary for storing energy, heat insulation, shock absorption, and other functions.
Jump up ^ Pischon T, Boeing H, Hoffmann K, Bergmann M, Schulze MB, Overvad K, van der Schouw YT, Spencer E, Moons KG, Tjønneland A, et al. (November 2008). “General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe”. N. Engl. J. Med. 359 (20): 2105–20. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0801891. PMID 19005195.
NIDDK supports research on the causes and consequences of obesity and potential prevention and treatment strategies, including behavioral, biomedical, surgical, and environmental approaches in adults and children. This research also provides an evidence base to inform patients, healthcare providers, payers, and policy makers.  NIDDK supports research on the biologic processes associated with body weight regulation, including genetic factors; neural circuits and tissue cross talk; adipocyte (fat cell) biology and the link between obesity and inflammation; the role of the microbiome (gut bacteria and other microbes), sleep and circadian rhythms; and other emerging areas that may lead to new prevention and treatment approaches.
They found Generation X had significantly poorer levels of self-rated health, and higher levels of obesity and diabetes compared with Boomers, with no real difference in physical activity between the two groups.
Excessive weight can result in many serious, potentially life-threatening health problems, including hypertension, Type II diabetes mellitus (non-insulin dependent diabetes), increased risk for coronary disease, increased unexplained heart attack, hyperlipidemia, infertility, and a higher prevalence of colon, prostate, endometrial, and, possibly, breast cancer. Approximately 300,000 deaths a year are attributed to obesity, prompting leaders in public health, such as former Surgeon General C. Everett Koop, M.D., to label obesity “the second leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States.”
For women, a waist circumference over 35 inches (88 cm) along with a body mass index of 25 or more (“overweight” classification) places you at a high risk for obesity health problems.  If your waist is over 35 inches, the higher your BMI, the higher your risks.
Obesity is a chronic condition. Too often it is viewed as a temporary problem that can be treated for a few months with a strenuous diet. However, as most overweight people know, weight control must be considered a lifelong effort. To be safe and effective, any weight-loss program must address the long-term approach or else the program is largely a waste of time, money, and energy.
Kelly KR, Haus JM, Solomon TPJ, Patrick-Melin AJ, Cook M, Rocco M, Barkoukis H, Kirwan JP. A low-glycemic index diet and exercise intervention reduces TNF(alpha) in isolated mononuclear cells of older, obese adults. J Nutr. 2011;141:1089–1094. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
“It’s typical for older adults to have less of an appetite as they age,” says Moreno. This often occurs, he says, because people become more sedentary and it becomes harder to stimulate hunger. Moreno suggests that a healthy diet for seniors should consist of smaller more frequent meals.
In many instances, determining waist circumference seems to be a valuable measurement that may give physicians guidance in weight matters for their patients. It is, and should be, used as an additional tool although this is not always standard of care at this time.
Other conditions and illnesses that are associated with both weight gain and obesity include: hyperthyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, and depression (NIH, 2006).  The older adults who are obese are more likely than those who are not obese to report symptoms of depression, such as feelings of sadness, worthlessness, and hopelessness (Center on an Aging Society, 2003). Lack of sleep may contribute to obesity, as well as certain drugs, such as steroids and some antidepressants that may stimulate the appetite, cause water retention, or slow the metabolism rate (NIH, 2008). Finally, the complex relationship between functional ability and lifestyle patterns merits attention as a contributor to obesity (Center on an Aging Society). Joint pain, decreased mobility, and activity intolerance may lead to weight gain because of decreased activity. Older adults are more likely than younger adults to experience functional limitations associated with chronic illnesses that may begin a stress-pain-depression cycle that can result in lifestyle patterns leading obesity (Lorig et al., 2006).
The diminished ability or the inability to conceive and have offspring. Infertility is also defined in specific terms as the failure to conceive after a year of regular intercourse without contraception.
Lisa Esposito is a Patient Advice reporter at U.S. News. She covers health conditions, drawing on experience as an RN in oncology and other areas and as a research coordinator at the National Institutes of Health. Esposito previously reported on health care with Gannett, and she received her journalism master’s degree at Georgetown University. You can follow her on Twitter, connect with her on LinkedIn or email her at lesposito@usnews.com.
Under-nutrition and obesity often exist side-by-side within the same country, the same community and even within the same household and this double burden is caused by inadequate pre-natal, infant and young child nutrition followed by exposure to high-fat, energy-dense, micronutrient-poor foods and lack of physical activity.
W. B. Droyvold, T. I. Lund Nilsen, S. Lydersen, K. Midthjel, P. M. Nilsson, J. Nilsson, J. Holmen; “Weight change and mortality: the Nord-Trondelag Health Study.” Journal of Internal Medicine. Volume 257 Issue 4, Pages 338 – 345
“Of the ranked diets, both DASH and the Mediterranean diet can help people with both diabetes prevention and management,” Campbell says. They work because they encourage a variety of foods and make people aware of the carbs they consume, she adds. Both diets are mentioned in the latest nutrition guidelines ​from the American Diabetes Association.
Complications are either directly caused by obesity or indirectly related through mechanisms sharing a common cause such as a poor diet or a sedentary lifestyle. The strength of the link between obesity and specific conditions varies. One of the strongest is the link with type 2 diabetes. Excess body fat underlies 64% of cases of diabetes in men and 77% of cases in women.[48]
White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity. Solving the Problem of Childhood Obesity Within a Generation. White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity Report to the President. Washington, DC: White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity; 2010.
In the long term, a child with obesity is more likely to have obesity as an adult.24An adult with obesity has a higher risk of developing heart disease, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and many types of cancer.25
Jump up ^ Dannenberg AL, Burton DC, Jackson RJ (2004). “Economic and environmental costs of obesity: The impact on airlines”. American journal of preventive medicine (Letter). 27 (3): 264. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2004.06.004. PMID 15450642.
Clearly, this is not the way to do it. In order to lose 5-10% of your body weight over a six-month period you must, by definition, stick to the diet for six months. Since most of us will stop dieting after one or two months, we need help in order to see the results we desire most.
Monitors from a nonprofit, Educación Popular en Salud, giving information on healthy and cheap food to the residents of the low-income El Bosque neighborhood of Santiago. Credit Victor Ruiz Caballero for The New York Times
Having a garden is a relaxing and fun hobby that provides low impact exercise, and also promotes savings on fresh flowers and produce. If you include herbs and vegetables you’ll be able to enjoy the fruits of your own labor, which will become a healthy part of your routine.

“obesity epidemic united states |obesity with comorbidity”

Jump up ^ Wilks, Desiree C.; Sharp, Stephen J.; Ekelund, Ulf; Thompson, Simon G.; Mander, Adrian P.; Turner, Rebecca M.; Jebb, Susan A.; Lindroos, Anna Karin (23 February 2011). “Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Fat Mass in Children: A Bias-Adjusted Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies”. PLoS ONE. 6 (2): e17205. Bibcode:2011PLoSO…617205W. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017205. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 3044163 . PMID 21383837.
More recently, investigators conducted a systematic review of 89 studies on weight-related diseases and then did a statistical summary, or meta-analysis, of the data. Of the 18 weight-related diseases they studied, diabetes was at the top of the risk list: Compared with men and women in the normal weight range (BMI lower than 25), men with BMIs of 30 or higher had a sevenfold higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, and women with BMIs of 30 or higher had a 12-fold higher risk. (4)
Gallbladder disease. Obesity is a major risk factor for gallstones because obesity is believed to reduce the amount of bile salts in bile, resulting in more cholesterol. Additionally, gallbladder emptying is decreased as a result of obesity (National Digestive Diseases Clearinghouse, 2004). Again, management of obesity, as described below, is the primary approach for decreasing the incidence of this gallbladder disease.
Are food choices flexible and well-suited to the individual? Are weight goals set by the client and the health professional? The program should consider your food likes and dislikes and your lifestyle when your weight-loss goals are planned.
Obesity prevention programs have been found to reduce the cost of treating obesity-related disease. However, the longer people the more medical costs they incur. Researchers, therefore, conclude that reducing obesity may improve the public’s health, but it is unlikely to reduce overall health spending.[207]
Cancers of the colon, breast (after menopause), endometrium (the lining of the uterus), kidney, and esophagus are linked to obesity. Some studies have also reported links between obesity and cancers of the gallbladder, ovaries, and pancreas.
Gout is one of the more painful health risks of obesity. Gout is a joint disease caused by high levels of uric acid in the blood. Uric acid sometimes forms into solid stone or crystal masses that become deposited in the joints. Gout is more common in overweight people, and the risk of developing the disorder increases with higher body weights. (Note: Over the short term, some diets may lead to an attack of gout in people who have high levels of uric acid or who have had gout before. If you have a history of gout, check with your doctor or other health professional before trying to lose weight.)
Keum N, Greenwood DC, Lee DH, et al. Adult weight gain and adiposity-related cancers: a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective observational studies. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2015; 107(2). pii: djv088.
Frail elderly people face different issues. “One concern for older people is getting enough protein,” Campbell says. “We need more as we age.” A lack of protein puts people at risk for lower immune function and osteoporosis.
Thus McDonald’s silence on the nutritional profiles of its new menu items. “We’re not making any health claims,” Watson said. “We’re just saying it’s new, it tastes great, come on in and enjoy it. Maybe once the product is well seated with customers, we’ll change that message.” If customers learn that they can eat healthier foods at McDonald’s without even realizing it, he added, they’ll be more likely to try healthier foods there than at other restaurants. The same reasoning presumably explains why the promotions and ads for the Carl’s Jr. grilled-cod sandwich offer not a word related to healthfulness, and why there wasn’t a whiff of health cheerleading surrounding the turkey burger brought out earlier this year by Burger King (which is not yet calling the sandwich a permanent addition).
Obesity is associated with a modest risk for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Given the rapidly increasing prevalence of obesity, this has had a significant impact on RA incidence and may account for much of the recent increase in the incidence of RA.A
Severe obesity afflicts between 4% and 6% of all youth in the United States, and the prevalence is increasing. Despite the serious immediate and long-term cardiovascular, metabolic, and other health consequences of severe pediatric obesity, current treatments
32. Levine JA, Lanningham-Foster LM, McCrady SK, Krizan AC, Olson LR, Kane PH, Jensem MD, Clark MM: Interindividual variation in posture allocation: possible role in human obesity. Science 2005; 28:307: 584– 586 [PubMed]
If ever there was a time to focus on getting enough lean protein, it’s now. “There is some evidence that older adults need more protein,” says Susan Bowerman, RD, a dietitian in Los Angeles. A study at the University of Arkansas found that increasing protein intake could help older adults build muscle. That can help counteract age-related muscle loss, says Bowerman.
If a person’s bodyweight is at least 20% higher than it should be, he or she is considered obese. If your Body Mass Index (BMI) is between 25 and 29.9 you are considered overweight. If your BMI is 30 or over you are considered obese. If you’re wondering what your ideal weight might be, take a look at our article, how much should I weigh?
They found Generation X had significantly poorer levels of self-rated health, and higher levels of obesity and diabetes compared with Boomers, with no real difference in physical activity between the two groups.
Jump up ^ Neumark-Sztainer D (March 1999). “The weight dilemma: a range of philosophical perspectives”. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. (Review). 23 Suppl 2: S31–37. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0800857. PMID 10340803.
For example, obesity is associated with increased risks of treatment-related lymphedema in breast cancer survivors (39) and incontinence in prostate cancer survivors treated with radical prostatectomy (40). In a large clinical trial of patients with stage II and stage III rectal cancer, those with a higher baseline BMI (particularly men) had an increased risk of local recurrence (41). Death from multiple myeloma is 50% more likely for people at the highest levels of obesity compared with people at normal weight (42).
Jump up ^ Metcalf B, Henley W, Wilkin T (2012). “Effectiveness of intervention on physical activity of children: systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials with objectively measured outcomes (EarlyBird 54)”. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.) (Review, Meta-analysis). 345: e5888. doi:10.1136/bmj.e5888. PMID 23044984.
Celebrate your success. Reward yourself along the way as you meet your goals. Instead of eating out to celebrate your success, try a night at the movies, go shopping for workout clothes, visit the library or bookstore, or go on a hike.
“Boomers and Gen X together make up more than 75% of Australia’s workforce. Their health and the role of the workplace in promoting a healthy, or unhealthy, environment is of critical importance to the Australian economy, to society and to people’s quality of life,” Pilkington says.
“Originally we didn’t believe the logos would make much of a difference but in focus groups, we’ve discovered that kids really do look at them,” said Dr. Camila Corvalan, of the University of Chile who has been assessing the impact of new label system. “They’ll say ‘Mom, this has so many logos. I can’t bring them to school. My teacher won’t allow it.”
Obesity is diagnosed by calculating your BMI. BMI is based on your height and weight. A BMI of 30 or more defines obesity. In general, this means your body weight is 35% to 40% more than your ideal body weight.

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“We wanted to tease apart the effects of dieting and exercise in older people who are obese,” says principal investigator Dennis T. Villareal, MD, adjunct associate professor of medicine at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. “In older adults, obesity exacerbates declines in physical performance and leads to frailty, impaired quality of life and increases in nursing home admissions. Given the increasing prevalence of obesity even among older people, it is important to find ways to combat the problem and help seniors remain healthier and more independent.”
Despite claims by manufacturers, the use of OTC products alone does not cause weight loss. Herbal weight-loss products or preparations called “fat burners” are even more misleading. These products may contain a combination of ma huang (a botanical source of ephedrine), white willow (a source of salicin), Hoodia gordonii, and/or guarana or kola nut (a source of caffeine). These agents are stimulants, which theoretically increase the metabolism and help the body break down fat. Nevertheless, there is no evidence that they are effective for weight loss. In addition, ma huang has been linked to serious side effects such as heart attacks, seizures, and death. Chromium also is a popular ingredient in weight-loss products, but there is no evidence that chromium has any effect on weight loss.
Adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2004, the “WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health” describes the actions needed to support healthy diets and regular physical activity. The Strategy calls upon all stakeholders to take action at global, regional and local levels to improve diets and physical activity patterns at the population level.
You may want to write down the amount of physical activity you’ve had each day and compare the calories you burned to those you took in. Use the Interactive Tool: How Many Calories Did You Burn? to see how many calories you burn through daily activities.
Exercise and a healthy diet are key in treating obesity. On its website, The Obesity Action Coalition writes, “modifying behaviors that contributed to developing obesity is one way to treat the disease…either alone or in conjunction with other treatments.” The educational and lobbying organization, which has more than 50,000 members, cites “increasing physical activity” and “becoming educated about the body and how to nourish it appropriately” among those actions.
Millennials, you have tried taking them to Chipotle. You have tried lecturing them about not drinking Diet Coke. Keep trying, but consider giving them a book written for them by one of them. It will open their eyes, and hopefully their hearts, before it is too late for them and for you.
Shah et al. (2009) recruited 18 obese older adults. The participants were sedentary (≤ 2 exercise sessions per week), and were weight and medication stable. The intervention energy deficit was 500–1000 kcal per day, with three exercise sessions per week progressing to moderate intensity (~85% of peak heart rate). Intra hepatic fat (IHF) content was measured by Occipital Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1H-MRS). There was a 50% reduction in IHF with 9% weight loss that was consistent with findings in younger subjects (Petersen 2005; Sato 2007). The investigators reported that the liver appeared to readily mobilize intrahepatic triglycerides in response to negative energy balance. However, exercise training plus diet did not have an additive effect, consistent with previous reports (Tamura 2005; Larson-Meyer 2006).
Physical activity and exercise help burn calories. The amount of calories burned depends on the type, duration, and intensity of the activity. It also depends on the weight of the person. A 200-pound person will burn more calories running 1 mile than a 120-pound person, because the work of carrying those extra 80 pounds must be factored in. But exercise as a treatment for obesity is most effective when combined with a diet and weight-loss program. Exercise alone without dietary changes will have a limited effect on weight because one has to exercise a lot to simply lose 1 pound. However regular exercise is an important part of a healthy lifestyle to maintain a healthy weight for the long term. Another advantage of regular exercise as part of a weight-loss program is a greater loss of body fat versus lean muscle compared to those who diet alone.
Studies show that people who keep track of what they eat are better at losing Keep a notebook where you can write down everything you eat and drink each day. You may be surprised to see how much you are eating. Use a calorie counter to add up your calories. (You can find calorie counters online and at bookstores.)
Measuring your waist circumference. Fat stored around your waist, sometimes called visceral fat or abdominal fat, may further increase your risk of diseases, such as diabetes and heart disease. Women with a waist measurement (circumference) of more than 35 inches (80 centimeters, or cm) and men with a waist measurement of more than 40 inches (102 cm) may have more health risks than do people with smaller waist measurements. Like the BMI measurement, your waist circumference should be checked at least once a year.
Jump up ^ Johansson E, Böckerman P, Kiiskinen U, Heliövaara M (2009). “Obesity and labour market success in Finland: The difference between having a high BMI and being fat”. Economics and Human Biology. 7 (1): 36–45. doi:10.1016/j.ehb.2009.01.008. PMID 19249259.
Keeping a record. Keep a food and activity log. This record can help you remain accountable for your eating and exercise habits. You can discover behavior that may be holding you back and, conversely, what works well for you. You can also use your log to track other important health parameters such as blood pressure and cholesterol levels and overall fitness.
For those who don’t have the time to make it to support groups, there are now many free or low-cost apps available for the iPhone, iPad, or Android, which help determine and track calories, nutrition, and calorie expenditure. Try LoseIt!, Weight Watchers Mobile, Restaurant Nutrition, 40:30:30, Diet Point, Noom Weight Loss Coach, FitBit, Fooducate, Diet Assistance, Calorie Counter PRO MyNet Diary, Amwell, MyFitnessPal, or 7-Minute Workout.
Waters DL, Vawter R, Qualls C, Chode S, Armamento-Villareal R, Villareal DT. Long-term weight maintenance of weight loss after lifestyle intervention in frail, obese older adults. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17:3–7. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
Eating too much or eating too little during your pregnancy can change your baby’s DNA and can affect how your child stores and uses fat later in life. Also, studies have shown that obese fathers have DNA changes in their sperm that can be passed on to their children.
Jump up ^ “Obesity: guidance on the prevention, identification, assessment and management of overweight and obesity in adults and children” (PDF). National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence(NICE). National Health Services (NHS). 2006. Retrieved April 8, 2009.
There were 61,317 deaths during the 10-year follow-up, with the overall risk of death highest among the study subjects who had the highest and lowest body weights, as determined by body mass index (BMI)body mass index (BMI), a ratio based on height and weight.
Phentermine (Fastin, Adipex P) — the other half of fen/phen — suppresses appetite by causing a release of norepinephrine in the body. Phentermine alone is still available for treatment of obesity but only on a short-term basis (a few weeks). The common side effects of phentermine include headache, insomnia, irritability, and nervousness. Fenfluramine (the fen of fen/phen) and dexfenfluramine (Redux) suppress appetite mainly by increasing release of serotonin by the cells. Both fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine were withdrawn from the market in September 1997 because of association of these two medications with pulmonary hypertension (a rare but serious disease of the arteries in the lungs) and association of fen/phen with damage to the heart valves. Since the withdrawal of fenfluramine, some have suggested combining phentermine with fluoxetine (Prozac), a combination that has been referred to as phen/pro. However, no clinical trials have been conducted to confirm the safety and effectiveness of this combination. Therefore, this combination is not an accepted treatment for obesity.
The first class (category) of medication used for weight control cause symptoms that mimic the sympathetic nervous system. They cause the body to feel “under stress” or “nervous.” As a result, the major side effect of this class of medication is high blood pressure. This class of medication includes sibutramine (Meridia, which was taken off the market in the U.S. in October 2010 due to safety concerns) and phentermine (Adipex P). These medications also decrease appetite and create a sensation of fullness. Hunger and fullness (satiety) are regulated by brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. Examples of neurotransmitters include serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. Anti-obesity medications that suppress appetite do so by increasing the level of these neurotransmitters at the junction (called synapse) between nerve endings in the brain.
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Villareal DT, Binder EF, Yarasheski KE, Williams DB, Brown M, Sinacore DR, Kohrt WM. Effects of exercise training added to ongoing hormone replacement therapy on bone mineral density in frail elderly women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003;51:985–990. [PubMed]
Women in the baby boomer generation are somewhat more likely than men of the same age to feel that they are overweight, and less likely to feel that their weight is “about right.” Fifty-nine percent of baby boomer women say they are overweight, compared with 48% of baby boomer men. This is particularly interesting given that according to CDC estimates, men are slightly more likely to be overweight (67%) than women (62%).
Obesity is defined simply as too much body fat. Your body is made up of water, fat, protein, carbohydrate and various vitamins and minerals. If you have too much fat — especially around your waist — you’re at higher risk for health problems, including high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and diabetes.
Lack of physical activity due to high amounts of TV, computer, videogame or other screen usage has been associated with a high body mass index . Healthy lifestyle changes, such as being physically active and reducing screen time, can help you aim for a healthy weight.